Name Translation: "Gale"
Initial Command Structure:
Ship's captain: Commander Watanabe Yasumasa  (prev. C.O. OSHIO). Assigned to Desdiv 4 (ARASHI, HAGIKAZE, NOWAKI, MAIKAZE), Desron 4, Second Fleet. Flagship of Comdesdiv 4, Captain Aruga Kosaku  (prev. Comdesdiv 11).
29 November-2 December 1941:
Desdiv 4 steamed from Terashima Strait to Mako (Pescadores).
4 December 1941-11 January 1942:
Desdiv 4 escorted Admiral Kondo's Southern Force Main Body out of Mako as distant cover to Malaya and Philippine invasion forces; also briefly escorted Malaya troop convoys during this period.
Desdiv 4 escorted Main Body from Mako to Palau, then operated out of that base as distant cover to Dutch East Indies invasion forces through 15 February.
Desdiv 4 escorted Main Body from Palau to Staring Bay (Celebes).
Departed Staring Bay, escorting Main Body in operations south of Java.
Assisted NOWAKI in sinking Dutch motorship TORADJA and British minesweeper SCOTT HARLEY, then captured Dutch steamship BINTOEHAN.
Assisted NOWAKI and MAYA in sinking destroyer HMS STRONGHOLD.
Assisted NOWAKI in sinking USS ASHEVILLE (PG-21).
Assisted ATAGO in sinking British tanker FRANCOL, then captured Dutch freighter TJISAROEA; then returned to Staring Bay on 7 March.
18 March-3 April:
With NOWAKI, escorted ATAGO from Staring Bay on inspection cruise via Tarakan, Balikpapan, Makassar and Singapore to Penang.
With NOWAKI, escorted ATAGO from Penang via Camranh Bay to Yokosuka; then docked for repairs.
4-5 June: Battle of Midway:
Desdiv 4 escorted Admiral Nagumo's Striking Force.
0610: ARASHI was attacked by enemy submarine torpedo at about 312 degrees 150 nm bearing from Midway [this is the translation of the grid position HE-E-A37 in Nagumo Report] and counterattacked immediately with depth charges.
Afternoon: Assisted AKAGI: helped NOWAKI rescue survivors, then helped scuttle with torpedoes.
9 June-12 July:
Desdiv 4 escorted ZUIHO to reinforce Northern Area, then escorted fleet patrolling out of Ominato southwest of the Aleutians.
Desdiv 4 reassigned to Desron 10, Third Fleet.
30 July-August 12:
With HAGIKAZE, escorted transports BOSTON MARU and DAIFUKU MARU from Saeki to Saipan (6-7 August) to pick up Ichiki Detachment, then to Truk.
Troop transport run from Truk to Guadalcanal.
Escorted damaged HAGIKAZE from Guadalcanal to Truk.
Steamed from Truk to Rabaul.
Troop transport run to Milne Bay.
Troop transport run to Milne Bay.
Troop evacuation run to Milne Bay (cover). On 6 September assisted TATSUTA in bombarding Gili Gili wharves and sinking British freighter ANSHUN.
Escorted transport SADO MARU from Rabaul to Shortlands.
Troop transport run to Guadalcanal.
Led troop transport run to Guadalcanal, aborted due to enemy presence off island.
Steamed from Shortlands to Truk.
Escorted fleet patrolling out of Truk north of the Solomons.
26 October: Battle of Santa Cruz:
Escorted Admiral Nagumo's Striking Force. Transferred Admiral Nagumo from damaged SHOKAKU to ZUIKAKU.
Escorted SHOKAKU from Truk to Kure, then docked for repairs.
Commander Watanabe (to C.O. HATSUKAZE) relieved by Commander Sugioka Koshichi  (prev. C.O. SAGIRI).
23 November-1 December:
Escorted aircraft transport AKITSU MARU from Kure via Truk to Rabaul; then steamed to Shortlands on 2 December.
Supply-drum transport run to Guadalcanal.
Supply-drum transport run to Guadalcanal, aborted due to PT-boat attack. With ARIAKE, escorted NAGANAMI towing damaged NOWAKI back to Shortlands.
Supply-drum transport run to Guadalcanal. Assisted sinking TERUZUKI and rescued 140 survivors.
Escorted MAIKAZE towing damaged NOWAKI from Shortlands to Truk.
1-7 January 1943:
Steamed from Truk via Rabaul to Shortlands.
Supply-drum transport run to Guadalcanal. Escorted damaged HATSUKAZE back to Shortlands.
Troop transport run to Guadalcanal (cover). Light Damage: in air attacks on 15 January due to near-misses; rudder temporarily jammed.
Steamed from Shortlands to Truk, then repairs.
31 January-9 February:
Escorted fleet patrolling out of Truk north of the Solomons to cover the Guadalcanal evacuation.
With ONAMI and SHIGURE, escorted KONGO, HARUNA, CHOKAI and NISSHIN from Truk to Yokosuka, then docked for repairs.
Captain Aruga (to C.O. CHOKAI) relieved as Comdesdiv 4 by Captain Sugiura Kaju  (prev. Comdesdiv 17), who moved flag to HAGIKAZE.
Assigned as plane guard to SHOKAKU while training new pilots in Inland Sea.
Escorted fleet from Japan to Truk.
Escorted NISSHIN, MOGAMI, OYODO and AGANO on troop transport mission from Truk to Rabaul.
Accompanied NISSHIN on troop transport run to Shortlands; later helped rescue NISSHIN survivors.
Led troop transport run from Rabaul to Rekata.
Led troop transport run to Kolombangara.
6-7 August: Battle of Vella Gulf:
Led troop transport run to Kolombangara. Sunk: by gunfire and torpedoes of USS DUNLAP (DD-384), USS CRAVEN (DD-382) and USS MAURY (DD-401), between Kolombangara and Vella Lavella (07-50 S, 156-55 E). 178 killed, including Commander Sugioka. Number of survivors unknown (310 total from ARASHI, HAGIKAZE, KAWAKAZE and 900 troops).
15 October 1943:
Removed from Navy List.