(YAMAMIZU MARU No. 2 underway)
YAMAMIZU MARU No. 2
Tabular Record of Movement
© 2010-2013 Bob Hackett and Peter Cundall.
7 April 1943:
Nagasaki. Laid down at Mitsubishi Heavy Industries’ shipyard as a 5,155-ton Type 1TM Standard Tanker for Yamashita Kisen, K. K., Kobe.
7 July 1943:
Launched and named YAMAMIZU MARU No. 2.
22 August 1943:
Placed under Senpaku Uneikai (Civilian Administration) control at an unknown date. Allotted to the Imperial Army (A/C-AO) with
Army Number 5075.
23 March 1944:
YAMAMIZU MARU No. 2 departs Moji for Takao in convoy MOTA-13 also containing tankers SHINEI, MATSUMOTO and YOKO MARUs and HIGANE, BIZEN, SHOKA, PACIFIC, CHIHAYA, HENG SHAN (KOZAN), YOKO and YULIN MARUs and TOYO MARU No. 2 and escorted by kaibokan KURAHASHI and subchaser CH-26.
30 March 1944:
Arrives at Takao.
15 April 1944:
19 April 1944:
Arrives at Manila.
22 April 1944:
At 0615, YAMAMIZU MARU No. 2 departs Manila in convoy MI-02 (outward) also containing fleet oiler ASHIZURI and tankers TACHIBANA, NITTETSU, HAKUBASAN, SANKO (YAMAKO), TAKETSU (BUTSU), MATSUMOTO MARUs and OGURA MARU No. 1 escorted by torpedo boat SAGI and patrol boat PB-38.
23 April 1944:
At 2000, arrives at Pagdanan Bay, Palawan.
25 April 1944:
At 1925, arrives at Marudu Bay, North Borneo.
26 April 1944:
At 0800, departs Marudu Bay. At 1755, arrives at Jesselton, Borneo.
27 April 1944:
At 0915, departs Jesselton.
28 April 1944:
At 0045, arrives Brunei Bay, Borneo. At 1325, arrives at Miri, Borneo. Probably loads fuel.
P>4 May 1944:
At 1030, YAMAMIZU MARU No. 2 departs Miri for Moji in convoy MI-02 (return journey) also containing tankers MATSUMOTO, TACHIBANA, NITTETSU, HAKUBASAN, SANKO (YAMAKO), TAKETSU (BUTSU), NISSHIN, TENSHIN and SHINCHO MARUs and OGURA MARU No. 1 and cargo ships KENSEI, TAIHEI, AKAGISAN and TAIYU MARUs and passenger ship KURENAI MARU escorted by kaibokan AWAJI, torpedo boat SAGI and patrol boat PB-38. At 2100, anchors in Imuruan Bay, NW Borneo.
5 May 1944:
At 0530, departs Imuruan Bay.
6 May 1944:
At 0801, LtCdr Francis D. Walker's (USNA '35) USS CREVALLE (SS-291) torpedoes and sinks NISSHIN MARU at 07-19N, 116-52E. At 16,801-tons, she is the largest ship in the convoy.
7 May 1944:
At 2000, anchors Ulugan Bay, Palawan.
8 May 1944:
At 1130, departs Ulugan Bay.
10 May 1944:
At 1330, arrives at Manila. TENSHIN, KENSEI, TAIHEI, AKAGISAN and TAIYU MARUs and passenger ship KURENAI MARU are detached.
13 May 1944:
At 0552, YAMAMIZU MARU No. 2 departs Manila for Moji in convoy MI-02 now also containing tankers MATSUMOTO, TACHIBANA, NITTETSU, HAKUBASAN, SANKO (YAMAKO), TAKETSU (BUTSU), TENSHIN and SHINCHO MARUs and OGURA MARU No. 1 and cargo ship SEISHO MARU escorted by kaibokan AWAJI, torpedo boat SAGI, patrol boat PB-38 and auxiliary gunboats PEKING and CHOJUSAN MARUs.
15 May 1944:
At 1515, an unidentified auxiliary subchaser joins the escort.
16 May 1944:
At 1705, arrives at Takao. MATSUMOTO and HAKUBASAN MARUs, cargo ship SEISHO MARU, auxiliary gunboat CHOJUSAN MARU and the unidentified auxiliary subchaser are detached.
17 May 1944:
At 1527, departs Takao.
18 May 1944:
At 1520, arrives at Keelung. KAMO, CHIKUZEN and CHOSAN MARUs and old destroyer HASU join the convoy.
23 May 1944:
At 1625, arrives at Shushan Islands E of Shanghai and departs at 2357.
25 May 1944:
At 1700, arrives at Moji.
3 June 1944:
At 0415, YAMAMIZU MARU No. 2 departs Imari Bay in convoy MI-05 also consisting of tankers AYAGIRI, AYANAMI, CERAM, BAIEI, KENZUI, OEI, MARIFU, SAN DIEGO, NITTETSU, SANKO (YAMAKO), TACHIBANA, TAKETSU (BUTSU), TOA, and TOKUWA MARUs, fleet oiler NOTORO and cargo/transports FUYUKAWA, HINAGA, KENEI, NIPPO, SHOEI SURAKARUTA and TATSUJU MARUs and thirteen other unidentified merchant ships escorted by kaibokan CD-14 and CD-18, torpedo boat SAGI, patrol boat PB- 38, minesweeper W-17, auxiliary subchaser CHa-22 and two unidentified small warships.
8 June 1944 :
Arrives at Keelung.
9 June 1944:
11 June 1944:
Cargo ships/transports ARIMASAN, MANILA, MIIKESAN and USSURI MARU and tankers SAN DIEGO and KYOEI MARU No. 8 and JINEI Maru join the convoy from Takao escorted by minelayer MAESHIMA and auxiliary subchaser CHa-95. TOA and SHOEI MARUs are detached.
13 June 1944:
LtCdr John D. Crowley's (USNA '31) USS FLIER (SS-250) torpedoes and damages MARIFU MARU at 15-57N 119-42E. MARIFU MARU is taken in tow by MIIKESAN MARU and later arrives at Manila. MARIFU MARU is detached and later towed to Cavite.
15 June 1944:
The convoy arrives at Manila.
18 June 1944:
YAMAMIZU MARU No. 2 departs Manila in convoy MI-05 also containing fleet oiler NOTORO, tankers ATAGO, AYANAMI, BAIEI, CERAM, KENZUI, JINEI, OEI, SAN DIEGO, TACHIBANA and TOKUWA MARUs and KYOEI MARU No. 8 and cargo/transports ARIMASAN, DAIZEN, HIDA, HINAGA, MIIKESAN, NICHIYO, NIPPO (ex-Chinese NINGPO), ROKKO, SEIWA, SURAKARUTA, TATSUJU and TEIFU, MARUs with the same escorts.
23 June 1944:
At 1847, arrives at Miri. Probably loads fuel.
27 June 1944:
At 1650, YAMAMIZU MARU No. 2 departs Miri for Moji in convoy MI-06 also containing OGURA MARU No. 2, MATSUMOTO, TACHIBANA, TOKUWA, ZUIHO, NICHINAN (43 1945), KOTOKU MARU, NANSEI, ATAGO, NICHINAN and BAIEI MARUs and UNKAI MARU No. 5 escorted by kaibokan CD-14, patrol boat PB-38 and minesweeper W-18. At an unknown point, tanker CERAM MARU joins the convoy.
E 1 July 1944:
W-18 is detached from the convoy.
2 July 1944:
At 0845, arrives at Manila.
4 July 1944:
At 1145, YAMAMIZU MARU No. 2 departs Manila for Moji in convoy MI-06 now also containing OGURA MARU No. 2, AKAGISAN, TACHIBANA, ZUIHO, TOKUWA, YAGI, ATAGO, TSUYAMA and KANKYO MARUs and UNKAI MARU No. 5 plus two unidentified ships (likely PACIFIC and MURORAN MARUs) escorted by kaibokan CD-8, CD-14 and patrol boat PB-38.
10 July 1944:
Arrives at Takao. The two unidentified ships leave the convoy.
12 July 1944:
Kaibokan CD-8 and auxiliary minesweeper TAKUNAN MARU No. 3 join the escort. At 0330, MI-06 departs Takao.
17 July 1944:
At 1450, arrives at Moji.
4 August 1944:
YAMAMIZU MARU No. 2, departs Moji for Takao in convoy MOTA-22 also consisting of DAIBOSHI, GASSAN, GENKAI, HAKUSAN, HIOKI, KENJO, KOSHIN, MANSHU, NANREI, SHIRANESAN, SHONAN, TACHIBANA, TEIHOKU (ex-Vichy French PERSEE), TEIKO (ex-Vichy French D’ARTAGNAN) and TERAKUNI MARUs and MARU No. 6 and six unidentified ships escorted by kaibokan ETOROFU, HIBURI, CD- 8, CD-10, CD-25 and CD-32, minelayer TAKASHIMA and gunboat UJI for parts of the journey. Among other cargo, the convoy carries the IJA's 25th Tank Regiment redeploying from Baotau, North China to Formosa.
6 August 1944:
Off SW Kyushu. At 0411, LtCdr (later Admiral/CINCPACFLT) Bernard A. Clarey’s (USNA '34) USS PINTADO (SS-387) torpedoes and sinks SHONAN MARU at 30-55N, 129-45E.
9 August 1944:
At 1310, KOSHIN MARU's cargo suddenly explodes and the ship sinks at 26-10N, 124-15E.
10 August 1944:
Arrives at Kirun (Keelung).
22 August 1944:
At 1410, YAMAMIZU MARU No. 2 departs Takao for Manila in convoy TAMA-24 also containing HIDA, KOTOKU, TEIHOKU, RAKUTO, BATOPAHAT, GENKAI and MANSHU MARUs and tankers TACHIBANA and KOTOKU MARUs and an unidentified ship, probably YUKIKAWA MARU escorted by torpedo boat HATO, kaibokan YASHIRO, CD-8, CD-25 CD-32 and minesweepers W-38 and W-39.
25 August 1944:
GENKAI MARU and CD-25 are detached from the convoy and go to Pasaleng Bay to offload five MTB's from the deck of damaged HAKKO MARU No. 2 sheltering in the bay with destroyer YUNAGI. YUNAGI is detached and joins TAMA-24. At 1024, Cdr (later Vice Admiral) Glynn R. Donaho's USS PICUDA (SS-382) torpedoes and sinks KOTOKU MARU at 18-42N, 120-49E. At 1026, in the same position, Donaho torpedoes and sinks YUNAGI as the destroyer attempts a counter-attack. At 1325, LtCdr (later Rear Admiral-Ret) Louis D. McGregor's (USNA '30) USS REDFISH (SS-395) torpedoes and sinks BATOPAHAT MARU at 18-31N, 120-32E.
28 August 1944:
At 2100, arrives at Manila.
15 September 1944:
At 1500, YAMAMIZU MARU No. 2 departs Miri for Manila in convoy MIMA-11 also consisting of fleet oiler KAMOI, HOKKI, IMAHARU (ex-Dutch De KLERK), KYOEI, KYOKUHO, OMINE, SHIKISAN, SHOEI, TACHIBANA, TATSUHARU, TENSHIN, URAL and ZUIYO MARUs and KYOEI MARU No. 6 and SHINSEI MARU No. 1 escorted by kaibokan CD-8, CD-25 and CD-32 and subchaser CH-28. The convoy hugs the coast calling at various small anchorages.
27 September 1944:
At 0807, LtCdr (later Rear Admiral) Reuben T. Whitaker's (USNA '34) USS FLASHER (SS-249) torpedoes and sinks URAL MARU at 15-32N, 117-16E. Two hours later, LtCdr Donald G. Baer's USS LAPON (SS-260) torpedoes and sinks HOKKI MARU at 15-50N, 117-41E.
28 September 1944:
At 1000, the convoy arrives at Santa Cruz.
1 October 1944:
At 0700, departs Santa Cruz. At 1100, LtCdr William C. Thompson's (USNA '35) USS CABRILLA (SS-288) torpedoes and sinks ZUIYO MARU at 16-07N, 119-43E. At 1155, CABRILLA also torpedoes and sinks KYOKUHO MARU at 16-11N, 119-44E.
2 October 1944:
Arrives at North San Feranando, Philippines.
6 October 1944:
At 0618, YAMAMIZU MARU No. 2 departs N San Fernando with KAMOI and TACHIBANA MARU as part of the combined MATA-28 and MIMA-11 convoys also consisting of BUNZAN, HOKUSEN, HISHIGATA HOKUREI, KOHOKU, OMINE, SHOEI and TERUKUNI MARUs and SHINYO MARU No. 8 escorted by kaibokan CD-8, CD-25, CD-32, minesweeper W-20, W-28, W-39 and subchasers CH-28, CH-30, CH-33, CH-41 and auxiliary subchaser CHa-95.
At about 0800, LtCdr Henry C. Stevenson's (USNA '304) USS ASPRO (SS-309) attacks the convoy. Stevenson fires three torpedoes by periscope at a tanker and claims one hit, but actually achieves no results.
At 1530, Thompson's CABRILLA torpedoes HOKUREI MARU and YAMAMIZU MARU No. 2. HOKUREI MARU is badly damaged and beached off Vigan. YAMAMIZU MARU No. 2 sinks. 
 YAMAMIZU MARU No. 2 was under civilian control when sunk, but had previously performed voyages under charter to the Imperial Army.
- Bob Hackett and Peter Cundall.
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