YUSOSEN!



(Oiler by Takeshi Yuki scanned from "Color Paintings of Japanese Warships")

IJN SAN CLEMENTE MARU:

Tabular Record of Movement

© 2006-2016 Bob Hackett and Peter Cundall.

Revision 4


4 February 1937:
Nagasaki. Laid down at Mitsubishi Zosensho as a 7,335-ton oil tanker for Mitsubishi Shoji Kaisha (Trading Company), Tokyo.

4 September 1937:
Launched and named SAN CLEMENTE MARU.

20 November 1937:
Completed.

1937-1940:
In service on Mitsubishi's North American route.

1940:
In service on Mitsubishi's North Borneo route.

11 September 1941:
Requisitioned by the IJN.

13 September 1941:
Departs Yokohama for Kure.

20 September 1941:
Osaka, Naniwa Dockyard. Begins conversion to a naval auxiliary and to allow at sea replenishment. That same day, Captain (Rear Admiral, posthumously) Eguchi Matsuo (40) is appointed Supervisor of SAN CLEMENTE MARU.

28 October 1941:
The conversion is completed.

22 November 1941:
Arrives at Kure.

27 November 1941:
Departs Kure.

29 November 1941:
Departs Saiki.

1 December 1941:
Charter party renewed.

5 December 1941:
Arrives at Palau.

17 December 1941:
Departs Palau.

23 December 1941:
Arrives at Sasebo.

27 December 1941:
Departs Sasebo.

1 January 1942:
Arrives at Palau.

2 January 1942:
Departs Palau.

5 January 1942:
Arrives at Davao and at 0820 PB-37 takes on bunker fuel from SAN CLEMENTE MARU.

16 January 1942:
Arrives at Menado anchorage.

17 January 1942:
At 1517 PB-1 arrives back at Banka and refuels from auxiliary fleet oiler SAN CLEMENTE MARU.

2 February 1942:
Departs Banka anchorage with survey ship TSUKUSHI, minelayer AOTAKA, submarine chasers CH-3 and CH-14, PB-1, PB-2, IKUSHIMA, MATSUE, MONTEVIDEO and YAMASHIMO MARUs. IKUSHIMA MARU carries 5th and 6th construction units.

4 February 1942:
At 0637, arrives at Kendari. At Staring Bay, off Kendari, Celebes. PB-1 refuels from auxiliary fleet oiler SAN CLEMENTE MARU. At about 1700, LtCdr Lucius Chappell's (USNA í27) USS SCULPIN (SS-191) torpedoes destroyer SUZUKAZE. She is beached to prevent sinking. Later, SAN CLEMENTE and ITSUKUSHIMA MARUs and destroyer YAMAKAZE assist SUZUKAZE back to Staring Bay for emergency repairs.

6 February 1942: The Invasion of Macassar, Celebes:
SAN CLEMENTE MARU departs Staring Bay with the Macassar Occupation Force consisting of six troop transports carrying Captain (later Vice Admiral) Mori Kunizoís (40) Sasebo Combined Special Naval Landing Force (SNLF) escorted by light cruiser NAGARA, DesDiv 8ís ASASHIO, MICHISHIO, ARASHIO and OSHIO, DesDiv 15ís HAYASHIO, KUROSHIO, OYASHIO and NATSUSHIO, DesDiv 21ís WAKABA, NATSUSHIN and NENOHI, 21st Minesweeper Divís W-7 and W-8 and the 2nd Subchaser Divís CH-13, CH-14 and CH-15.

Rear Admiral (later Vice Admiral) Fujita Ruitaro's (38) (former CO of FUSO) CarDiv 11's CHITOSE, MIZUHO and SANUKI MARU provide distant support for the Occupation Force.

9 February 1942:
Macassar Strait. During the landing of the Sasebo Combined SNLF invasion force, DesDiv 15's NATSUSHIO is torpedoed and sunk by Lt (later Rear Admiral) James C. Dempsey's (USNA í31) old submarine USS S-37. NATSUSHIO is the only loss suffered by the IJN in the action.

11 February 1942:
Anchors at Macassar. Later proceeds to Surabaya.

15 February 1942:
At 0700 departs Staring Bay.

1 March 1942:
Arrives at Takao.

6 March 1942:
Departs Mako.

11 March 1942:
Arrives at Davao.

12 March 1942:
Departs Davao.

15 March 1942:
Arrives at Macassar.

25 March 1942:
At 0700 departs Macassar escorted by patrol boat PB-34.

28 March 1942:
At 1030 arrives at Bantam Bay.

29 March- April 1942: Operation "X" - The Invasion of Christmas Island:
SAN CLEMENTE MARU prepares to departs Bantam Bay, Java for Christmas Island (S of Java) with transports KIMISHIMA and KUMAGAWA MARUs escorted by CruDiv 16's light cruisers NAGARA and NATORI and destroyer AMATSUKAZE. Later, the escort is joined by light cruiser NAKA and destroyers NATSUGUMO and MINEGUMO, patrol boats PB-34 and PB-36.

30 March 1942:
Departs Bantam and later that day arrives at Batavia (Jakarta).

3 April 1942:
Departs Batavia.

6 April 1942:
Arrives at Macassar.

11 April 1942:
Departs Macassar.

12 April 1942:
Arrives at Balikpapan.

13 April 1942:
Departs Balikpapan.

19 April 1942:
Arrives at Takao.

24 April 1942:
Enters Innoshima Dockyard for repairs.

27 May 1942:
Departs Hiroshima Bay.

29 May 1942: Operation "MI" - The Battle of Midway:
Captain (Rear Admiral posthumously) Eguchi Matsuroís (40) 2nd Supply Unit's oilers SAN CLEMENTE MARU and TOA MARU sortie with Vice Admiral (later Admiral) Takasu Shiro's (35) (former CO of ISUZU) Aleutian Screening Force: BatDiv 2's HYUGA, ISE, FUSO and YAMASHIRO, CruDiv 9's KITAKAMI and OI, DesDiv 20's AMAGIRI, ASAGIRI, YUGIRI and SHIRAKUMO, DesDiv 24's KAWAKAZE, YAMAKAZE, SUZUKAZE and UMIKAZE and DesDiv 27's ARIAKE, YUGURE, SHIGURE and SHIRATSUYU.

30 May 1942:
Departs Kure.

3 June 1942:
At 0700, SAN CLEMENTE and TOA MARUs and the 1st Supply Unit's TOEI MARU refuel five destroyers.

4 June 1942:
SAN CLEMENTE and TOA MARUs, BatDiv 2, CruDiv 9, DesDivs 20, 24 and 27 are detached from the Main Body to support the Northern Force. Enroute north, the oilers refuel the warships.

17 June 1942:
Arrives at Yokosuka.

30 June 1942:
Departs Kure.

20 July 1942:
Departs Kure.

30 July 1942:
LtCdr Bruce L. Carrís (USNA í31) USS GRENADIER (SS-210) fires three torpedoes at SAN CLEMENTE MARU at 07-02N 151-15E. USS GRENADIERís crew hears two hits, but BuOrd's defective Mark-14 torpedoes do not detonate.

2 August 1942:
At Mowe Passage anchorage near Kavieng refuels Cruiser Squadron 6 (CruDiv6) consisting of Heavy Cruisers AOBA, KAKO, KINUGASA and FURUTAKA.

26 August 1942:
Departs Truk for Rabaul.

2 September 1942:
At Rabaul bunkers light cruiser TATSUTA.

12 September 1942:
A new, but unknown captain is appointed Supervisor. Captain Eguchi is reassigned as CO of repair ship AKASHI.

25 October 1942:
Arrives at Kure for repairs.

30 October 1942:
Departs Kure for Rabaul then Shortland, back to Rabaul then Saipan and Balikpapan (the exact dates of arrival and departure are unknown).

30 November 1942:
At 1100, SAN CLEMENTE MARU arrives at Shortland anchorage, Bougainville, Solomons escorted by patrol boat PB-38 (ex-DD YOMOGI).

22 December 1942:
At 1600, SAN CLEMENTE MARU and an unidentified ship depart Balikpapan escorted by subchaser CH-5 to longitude 121.

1 January 1943:
Charter party renewed.

2 January 1943:
At Rabaul.

3 January 1943:
At 0445 TSURUMI comes alongside to port and supplies 3000t heavy oil. At 1500 the transfer is completed.

30 January 1943:
At 1100, arrives at Shortland with patrol boat PB-38 as escort.

26 March 1943:
At Rabaul bunkers auxiliary oiler KYOEI MARU.

25 April 1943:
At 1440 CH-16 and CH-18 depart Rabaul to Palau escorting a convoy consisting of the tanker SAN CLEMENTE MARU and cargo ships MIYAURA, ROKKOSAN, RISSHUN, RAKUTO, TOUN and HOEI MARUs. Later the convoy is joined by CH-37 and CH-16 is detached.

30 April 1943:
At 0555 CH-16 arrives back at Rabaul.

4 May 1943:
50 miles SE of Palau. At about 1725, LtCdr Harry B. Dodgeís (USNA í30) USS SEAL (SS-183) attacks the slow 7-knot convoy. In a submerged attack, Dodge fires three torpedoes and hits SAN CLEMENTE MARU in her No. 4, No. 6 and No. 8 oil tanks. One crewmen is KIA. She lists to port and at about 2000, sinks at 06-50N, 134-28E. HOEI MARU rescues the survivors.

15 July 1943:
Removed from the Navy List.


- Bob Hackett and Peter Cundall.

Thanks to Mr. Gilbert Casse of France.


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