KAIBOKAN!

(Type C Escort by Takeshi Yuki scanned from "Color Paintings of Japanese Warships")

IJN Escort Miyake:
Tabular Record of Movement

© 2006-2012 Bob Hackett, Sander Kingsepp and Peter Cundall

Revision 3


12 February 1943:
Tsurumi. Laid down at Nihon Kokan K. K.’s shipyard.

30 August 1943:
Launched and named MIYAKE.

30 November 1943:
Completed and registered in the Kure Naval District. Assigned to the General Escort Command's First Surface Escort Division.

E 4 January 1944:
MIYAKE departs Takao with kaibokan TSUSHIMA escorting convoy No. 232 consisting of GOZAN, DAIHO, SAN DIEGO MARUs and ten unidentified ships.

20 January 1944:
At 1200, departs Moji with kaibokan KANJU escorting convoy HI-37 consisting of transports MIIKE and NOTO MARUs, and IJA landing craft depot ships KIBITSU and MAYASAN MARUs and tankers OMINESAN, AMATSU and OTOWASAN MARUs and an unidentified merchant ship.

29 January 1944:
At 1200, arrives at Singapore.

22 February 1944:
In seas south of Takao, MIYAKE joins unescorted convoy HI-45 that left Moji 16 February and now consists of oilers TATEKAWA, ITSUKUSHIMA, OMUROSAN MARUs, cargo liner ARIMASAN MARU and IJA landing craft depot ship TAMATSU MARU and an unidentified ship.

23 February 1944:
TAMATSU MARU is detached from the convoy and heads for Manila. Destroyer SHIOKAZE joins convoy HI-45 as an escort.

27 February 1944:
At 1700, arrives at Singapore.

11 March 1944:
At 0730, MIYAKE departs Singapore with kaibokan ETOROFU, SHIMUSHU and IKI escorting convoy HI-48 consisting of transport/cargo liners AWA, SANUKI, TEIA (ex French ARAMIS) and HOKUROKU MARUs, oilers OMUROSAN, OTOWASAN, TATEKAWA, ITSUKUSHIMA, SEIYO, NICHIEI and KUROSHIO MARUs and two unidentified ships.

14 March 1944:
Gulf of Thailand. SANUKI MARU is damaged by a mine or torpedo. The damage causes her to drop out of the convoy on the French Indochina coast. At 1700, arrives at Ban Phong Bay, Indochina.

15 March 1944:
At 1100, departs Ban Phong Bay.

18 March 1944:
At 0114, HOKUROKU MARU is hit by four torpedoes fired by LtCdr Lowell T. Stone's USS LAPON (SS-260) and sinks at 19-24N, 116-50E. 8 passengers, 25 gunners and 55 crewmen are KIA. The ship is carrying 256 passengers, 6700 tons bauxite and 600 tons fuel oil. TEIA MARU sends off a report of the attack. Later that day, KASHII MARU joins the convoy.

19 March 1944:
At 0600, kaibokan SHIMUSHU runs aground, but later that day is refloated. At 1600, the convoy arrives at Takao.

20 March 1944:
At 1300, departs Takao.

25 March 1944:
At 0500, arrives at Moji.

31 March 1944:
Attached directly to the Combined Fleet.

15 April 1944:
At 0600, MIYAKE departs Tokyo with destroyers HOKAZE, YUNAGI, UZUKI, minelayers SARUSHIMA, KYOSAI and YURISHIMA, kaibokan CD-6, minesweepers W-20 and W-28 and subchasers CH-10 and CH-12 escorting convoy "Higashi-Matsu No. 6" consisting of 18 ships: AWAJI, HAKUBA, KATSUKAWA, TAKAOKA, BATAVIA, AWA and HOKUSHIN MARUs bound for Saipan, CHOAN MARU No. 2 and MIKAGE MARU No. 1 bound for Truk, JOKUJA, BISAN and JINSAN MARUs bound for Palau, KAMISHIMA and SHOZAN MARUs bound for Woleai, INARI and TONEGAWA MARUs bound for Guam and TATSUAKI and TAMAHOKO MARUs bound for Chichi-Jima.

23 April 1944:
At 0600, arrives at Saipan.

27 April 1944:
At 1140, MIYAKI departs Saipan with AMAKUSA, CD-6, minelayer SARUSHIMA and three unidentified vessels escorting Higashi Matsu No. 6 (return) convoy consisting of AZUCHISAN, AWAJI, SHOUN, TOAN, SHOZUI, KATSUKAWA, TAKAOKA, TONEGAWA, HOKUSHIN and TATEBE MARUs and four unidentified ships.

4 May 1944:
Arrives at Tokyo.

17 May 1944:
At 0616, MIYAKI departs Tateyama, Japan with destroyer HATAKAZE, kaibokan CD-16 and MIKURA minesweeper W-20, subchaser CH-48, minelayer SARUSHIMA and auxiliary netlayer KOA MARU escorting convoy No. 3515 consisting of HAKUSAN, NIPPONKAI, TOYO, KINSHU, HINKO, REIKAI, EIKO, NATSUKAWA, SEIGA, MEITO and CHIYO MARUs and UNYO MARU No. 8.

25 May 1944:
At 0708, arrives at Saipan.

8 September 1944:
MIYAKE departs Moji for Singapore with kaibokan KANJU, MANJU and DesDiv 30’s YUZUKI, UZUKI and escort carrier SHINYO escorting convoy HI-75 consisting of oilers NICHIEI, RYOEI, YOHO, TOHO (1944 built), SERIA, AMATO and MANEI MARUs and passenger liner ASAMA MARU, cargo-passenger SAIGON MARU and flying boat tender AKITSUSHIMA.

12 September 1944:
In the morning, SAIGON MARU, YUZUKI and KANJU are detached for the China coast. They later rejoin at Takao.

13 September 1944:
At 1400, arrives at Takao.

14 September 1944:
The convoy is increased by the addition of oilers FUJISAN MARU (1944 built), KUROSHIO and TAIHO MARUs, torpedo boat HIYODORI and kaibokan CD-28. At 1630, the convoy departs Takao. Soon thereafter, AMATO MARU, and at 1900, YUHO MARU develop engine problems and are detached.

16 September 1944:
At 2330, KANJU, suffering rudder problems, collides with SERIA MARU, but there is little damage.

17 September 1944:
At 1000, SAIGON MARU and AKITSUSHIMA with escorts YUZUKI and UZUKI are detached from HI-75 and head for Manila. Enroute, SAIGON MARU is sunk by Cdr (later Rear Admiral) Rueben T. Whitaker's (USNA ’34) USS FLASHER (SS-249). Six crewmen are KIA.

18 September 1944:
At 1040, kaibokan KURAHASHI joins the escort.

19 September 1944:
At 1500, AMATO MARU rejoins the convoy.

20 September 1944:
During the day, NICHIEI, KUROSHIO, TAIHO and FUJISAN MARUs and carrier SHINYO all suffer engine or rudder problems, but the convoy remains intact.

22 September 1944:
At 1300, arrives at Singapore.

2 October 1944:
At 1700, MIYAKE departs Singapore for Moji with escort carrier SHINYO and kaibokan KANJU, MANJU, KURAHASHI, CD-28 and torpedo boat HIYODORI escorting convoy HI-76 consisting of oilers NICHIEI, NICHINAN, RYOEI, FUJISAN, KUROSHIO, TARAKAN and TOHO MARUs, ex-seaplane tender KIMIKAWA MARU and cargo ship TEIHOKU MARU (ex French PERSEE).

8 October 1944:
South China Sea. At 0100, LtCdr Henry D. Sturr’s (USNA ’33) USS BECUNA (SS-319) attacks the convoy at 14-12N, 115-53E. Sturr fires four torpedoes and claims two hits on KIMIKAWA MARU. She is detached from the convoy and heads for Manila escorted by HIYODORI and CD No. 28

17 October 1944:
Early in the morning, MIYAKE and MANJU are ordered to detach with RYOEI MARU and head for Mako.

19 October 1944:
Stops at Miehara. The convoy is on stand-by today and the 20th.

21 October 1944:
Departs Miehara; convoy heads for homeland.

22 October 1944:
Separates from HI-76 and proceeds to western Inland Sea.

17 November 1944:
MIYAKE departs Singapore with light cruiser KASHII (F), kaibokan MANJU, UKURU, KASADO, NOMI, CD-17, CD-23 and CD-51 and minelayer NIIZAKI escorting convoy HI-80 consisting of TENEI, MATSUSHIMA, RYOEI, MUNAKATA, ARIMASAN, KUROSHIO, NICHINAN and KAIHO MARUs.

27 November 1944:
At 0930, RYOEI and ARIMASASN MARUs escorted by NIIZAKI are detached for Takao.

4 December 1944:
HI-80 arrives at Sasebo.

25 December 1944:
MIYAKE departs Takao with kaibokan NOMI and CD-138 escorting convoy TAMA-38 consisting of HYUGA, KIBITSU, AOBASAN and SHINSHU MARUs.

26 December 1944:
At daybreak, the convoy anchors near Oluanpi, southern Formosa.

29 December 1944:
At 1900, arrives North San Fernando.

30 December 1944:
At 0700, B-24 "Liberator" heavy bombers attack the port and convoy. Kaibokan CD-138 is hit by a bomb. AOBASAN MARU is bombed and a fire breaks out. The ship then breaks in two and sinks. 21 troops, one Gunner and three crewmen, a total of 25 are KIA. The convoy is dissolved.

1 January 1945:
At 0345, MIYAKE departs North San Fernando with kaibokan KANJU, NOMI, CD-112 and two unidentified warships escorting convoy MATA-40 consisting of IJA landing ship SHINSHU MARU and IJA landing craft depot ships KIBITSU and HYUGA MARUs.

3 January 1945:
Off Takao. At 1105 (JST), 50 carrier aircraft attack the ships. SHINSHU MARU is hit by several bombs and explodes. Later that night, SHINSHU MARU's burning wreck is torpedoed and sunk by LtCdr Henry C. Stevenson's USS ASPRO (SS-309). 283 passengers, 66 gunners and 33 crewmen are KIA. KIBITSU MARU is heavily damaged and HYUGA MARU suffers medium damage. MIYAKE and CD-112 both suffer light damage. Five of MIYAKE's crewmen are killed. The surviving ships put into Takao for repairs.

9 January 1945:
Takao, Formosa. Vice Admiral (Admiral posthumously) John S. McCain's (USNA ’06) (former CO of RANGER, CV-4) Task Force 38 aircraft attack shipping off Takao. At 1200, 17 Grumman TBM "Avengers" and F6F "Hellcats" damage MIYAKE and kaibokan YASHIRO and CD-13.

10 January 1945:
At 1700, MIYAKE departs Takao for Mako, Pescadores with destroyer SHIGURE, kaibokans KANJU, KURAHASHI, NOMI, SHINNAN, YASHIRO, CD-13, CD-60 and CD-205 escorting convoy HI-87 consisting of KAMOI, SARAWAK, MATSUSHIMA, MITSUSHIMA and HASHIDATE MARUs. At 1830, MITSUSHIMA MARU suffers an engine breakdown and returns to Takao.

12 January 1945:
At 0600, TENEI MARU's steering breaks down and ship is escorted by CD-60 to Hong Kong. Soon after, the rest of the convoy is advised of a pending air raid on Mako and turns about and heads for Hong Kong.

13 January 1945:
At 1100, enters Hong Kong port.

15 January 1945:
At 0915, carrier aircraft begin attacks that harry the ships all day, but they escape major damage.

16 January 1945:
Hong Kong. The air attacks continue from 0820. At 1124, KAMOI is near missed and at 1240, KAMOI and TENEI MARU both suffer direct hits. At 1540, MATSUSHIMA MARU suffers a direct hit and is set on fire. At 1644, NOMI suffers damage to her aft gun platform from a near miss. At 1830, the battle ends. The Japanese claim 22 aircraft shot down, but acknowledge serious damage to three tankers and light damage to three escorts.

17 January 1945:
At 1930, MIYAKE departs Hong Kong for Singapore with destroyer SHIGURE, kaibokan KANJU and CD-13 escorting reconstituted convoy HI-87A consisting of tanker SARAWAK MARU.

19 January 1945:
At 2000, arrives at Yulin Port.

20 January 1945:
At 1856, departs Yulin.

24 January 1945:
Gulf of Siam, 160 miles E of Khota Bharu, Malaya. At 0709, LtCdr (later Cdr) William L. Kitch's (USNA ’38) USS BLACKFIN (SS-322) torpedoes SHIGURE at 06-N, 103-48 E. She sinks in 10 minutes with 37 sailors KIA. KANJU and MIYAKE rescue 270 survivors including CO, Ltcdr Hagiwara Manubu (63). Shortly thereafter, BLACKFIN launches a second attack and torpedoes and damages SARAWAK MARU at 05-59N, 103-48E. MIYAKE and CD-13 assist the damaged ship.

26 January 1945:
At 0950, arrives at Singapore.

31 January 1945:
At 0800, MIYAKE departs Singapore with kaibokan KANJU and minesweeper W-20 escorting convoy HI-88C consisting of transport OESAN MARU and tanker ENCHO MARU.

8 February 1945:
In the evening, the convoy arrives and anchors Quinhon Bay, Indochina.

9 February 1945:
In the early morning, the convoy departs Quinhon Bay.

11 February 1945:
MIYAKE is damaged by aircraft at 19-08N, 108-15E.

12 February 1945:
At 1800, arrives at Zensui Bay, China.

13 February 1945:
At 0500, the convoy departs Zensui Bay.

16 February 1945:
The convoy arrives at Amoy (Quemoy).

17 February 1945:
In the early morning, departs Amoy (Quemoy). That evening, arrives at Nanhi Island.

18 February 1945:
At 0700, departs Nanhi Island.

21 February 1945:
The convoy arrives at the mouth of the Yangtse River. ENCHO MARU, MIYAKE and W-20 detach and arrive at Shanghai later that day.

25 February 1945:
At 1000, MIYAKE, W-20 and ENCHO MARU depart Shanghai.

2 March 1945:
The convoy arrives at Moji. That same day, MIYAKE is reassigned to the General Escort Command's First Escort Fleet.

April 1945:
LtCdr Noma Tatsuo assumes command.

11 April 1945:
At 0700, MIYAKE, kaibokan NOMI, CD-31 and CD-213 depart Moji for Shanghai, China escorting convoy MOSHI-02 consisting of JUZAN MARU.

13 April 1945:
Arrives at Saishu Island and anchors.

14 April 1945:
W of Quelpart Island. At 0407, in murky weather, Cdr (later Captain/MOH) George L. Street III’s (USNA ’37) USS TIRANTE (SS-420) closes the bay on the surface, noses into Saishu harbor and fires six torpedoes at the anchored convoy. He sinks JUZAN MARU, NOMI and CD-31 at 33-25N, 126-15E. 19 crewmen on JUZAN MARU are KIA. NOMI takes down 134 sailors, including CO, LtCdr Hera Genzaburo and Captain Ikeda Akira’s (former CO of ETOROFU), First Surface Escort Division CO. Finally, 39 crewmen of CD-31 are lost.

25 April 1945:
Assigned to the General Escort Command's First Escort Fleet's 103rd Escort Squadron.

20 June 1945:
Arrives at Sasebo.

10 July 1945:
Assigned to the Seventh Fleet.

15 August 1945:
At Sasebo when notice of the termination of the war is received.

21 August 1945:
Near Moji. MIYAKE strikes a mine at 33-58N, 131-00E that causes medium damage.

30 November 1945:
Removed from the Navy List.

1 December 1945:
Assigned to the Allied Repatriation Service and appointed a Special Cargo Ship. [1]

28 January 1946:
Undergoes repair at Tamano.

5 March 1946:
Repairs are completed.

12 April 1946:
Departs Hakata on her first repatriation voyage.

17 April 1946:
Arrives at Shanghai. Embarks troops and passengers to be repatriated.

19 April 1946:
Departs Shanghai.

21 April 1946:
Arrives at Hakata. Disembarks troops and passengers.

28 April 1946:
Undergoes repairs at Tamano.

12 August 1946:
Repairs cease. MIYAKE is condemned as unseaworthy.

2 July 1948:
Scrapped.


Authors' Note:
[1] Allied occupation forces were responsible for the return of six million Japanese military personnel and civilians from Japan's defunct far-flung Empire. In addition, there were over a million Korean and about 40,000 Chinese prisoners and conscript laborers and approximately 7,000 Formosans and 15,000 Ryukyu Islanders to be repatriated.

Some Allied and many former IJN warships, from aircraft carriers to kaibokan, were used to facilitate the enormous repatriation effort. Japanese vessels and crews were used to the fullest extent possible to conserve Allied manpower and accelerate demobilization. Each ex-IJN ship first had to be demilitarized; guns removed or, in the case of large warships, barrels severed, ammunition landed, and radar and catapults removed, if fitted. Repatriation of the Chinese on Japanese ships began early in October from Hakata, but U.S. guard detachments had to be placed on many ships to prevent disorder because the Japanese crews could not control the returnees.

Japanese-run repatriation centers were established at Kagoshima, Hario near Sasebo, and Hakata near Fukuoka. Other reception centers were established and operated at Maizuru, Shimonoseki, Sasebo, Senzaki, Kure, Uraga, Yokohama, Moji and Hakodate. Allied line and medical personnel supervised the centers. Incoming Japanese were sprayed with DDT, examined and inoculated for typhus and smallpox, provided with food, and transported to his final destination in Japan.

Thanks go to Dr. Higuchi Tatsuhiro of Japan and Mr. Gilbert Casse of France. Thanks also go to Mr. Aki of Japan and Matthew Jones of Ohio for help in identifying kaibokan COs.

-Bob Hackett, Sander Kingsepp and Peter Cundall


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