YUSOSEN!



(Oiler by Takeshi Yuki scanned from "Color Paintings of Japanese Warships")

IJN KYOEI MARU No. 2:

Tabular Record of Movement

© 2010-2016 Bob Hackett and Peter Cundall.

Revision 3


8 August 1940:
Aioi. Laid down at Harima Zosensho K. K. as a 1,192 gross register tons tanker for Kyoei Tanker K.K., Kobe.

19 November 1940:
Launched and named KYOEI MARU No. 2.

28 December 1940:
Completed.

28 August 1941:
Requisitioned by the IJN.

16 September 1941:
Begins conversion.

20 September 1941:
Registered in the Kure Naval District as an auxiliary transport (oil supply) (Otsu) Category under internal order No. 1093.

14 October 1941:
Completes conversion.

14 November 1941:
Arrives at Saeki Bay.

18 November 1941:
Departs Saeki Bay.

8 December 1941:
Departs Kure and arrives at Tokuyama Navy Fuel Depot. Loads fuel.

8 January 1942:
Departs Tokuyama.

26 February 1942:
Arrives at Staring Bay, Kendari, Celebes (now Sulawasei). Refuels fleet units.

29 March 1942
Arrives at Kure.

5 May 1942: Operation "MI" - The Battle of Midway:
KYOEI MARU No. 2 is attached to the Second Supply Corps of the Midway Island Task Force.

2 June 1942:
Departs Kure.

28 June 1942:
Arrives at Kure.

14 August 1942:
KYOEI MARU No. 2 is attached to the First Supply Corps of the Guadalcanal Task Force.

28 August 1942:
Arrives at Tokuyama. Loads fuel.

7 March 1943:
Arrives at Takao.

10 March 1943:
Departs Takao.

26 March 1943:
Arrives at Tokuyama.[Note 1]

1 May 1943:
Arrives at Moji.

7 May 1943:
Arrives at Takao and departs the same day.

7 July 1943:
At 1400, KYOEI MARU No. 2 departs Moji in convoy No. 173 consisting of tankers ZUIYO and KOSHIN MARUs and MURORAN, ASAKA, RYUKO, TAIYU, HIROTA, GYOKUREI, KYOKKO and NACHISAN MARUs escorted by torpedo boat HAYABUSA and patrol PB-36.

13 July 1943:
At 0950, arrives at Takao.

9 August 1943:
Reported near Davao in convoy with KASAGISAN MARU and air escort.

11 August 1943:
Departed Davao alone.

4 September 1943:
At Wewak NAGANO MARU is bombed and becomes unnavigable. KYOEI MARU No. 2 takes her under tow.

6 September 1943:
Arrives at Hollandia (now Jayapura), New Guinea.

9 September 1943:
At 0630, departs Truk in convoy also consisting of Naval tanker TSURUMI and cargo ship TAIKOKU MARU escorted by subchaser CH-29 and auxiliary subchaser SHOWA MARU.

11 September 1943:
Convoy meets up with EIKO MARU No. 2 GO off Mereyon.

12 September 1943:
At 0600, EIKO MARU No. 2 GO and SHOWA MARU are both detached.

14 September 1943:
Arrives at Palau.

17 September 1943:
Departs Palau in convoy 2510 also consisting of tankers TSURUMI and TOA MARU escorted by destroyer ASAKAZE and subchaser CH-13.

20 September 1943:
Arrives at Davao and departs later that day.

23 September 1943:
Arrives at Tarakan.

24 September 1943:
Departs Tarakan.

26 September 1943:
Arrives at Balikpapan.

20 January 1944:
KYOEI MARU No. 2 departs Truk for Palau in convoy No. 7202 also consisting of OGURA MARU No. 3 escorted by destroyer HAMANAMI and subchasers CH-24, CH-30, CH-33 and CH-39.

26 January 1944:
Arrives at Palau.

30 January 1944:
At 0850, KYOEI MARU No. 2 departs Palau for Tarakan in convoy NE-002 with OGURA MARU No. 3 escorted by patrol boat PB-36 and auxiliary subchasers CHa-22 and CHa-15.

31 January 1944:
At 1400, auxiliary subchaser CHa-22 is detached to return to Palau.

2 February 1944:
At 1300, auxiliary subchaser CHa-15 is detached for Davao.

5 February 1944:
Arrives at Tarakan. Loads fuel. Departs that same day and arrives at Balikpapan, Borneo.

8 February 1944:
Departs Tarakan with tanker OGURA MARU No. 3.

17 February 1944:
Departs Balikpapan and later that same day and arrives at Tarakan, Borneo. Loads fuel.

18 February 1944:
At 0800, departs Tarakan with German tanker ROSSBACH (ex Norwegian MADRONO).[Note 2]

20 February 1944:
At 1900, arrives at Zamboanga, Philippines.

27 March 1944:
Arrives at Tokuyama.

1 May 1944:
Departs Moji in convoy TE-05 also also consisting of YAMADORI, HIYORI, HIOKI, KOKUSEI, HIKACHI, NICHIWA, SHONAN MARUs escorted by the old destroyer ASAGAO, kaibokan CD 8 and CD 20 and auxiliary Netlayer KAINAN MARU.

7 May 1944:
Arrives at Kirun. Kaibokan CD 1 joins the convoy.

9 May 1944:
Departs Kirun.

13 May 1944:
YAMADORI MARU detaches for Hong Kong.

14 May 1944:
Arrives at Yulin.

2 June 1944:
Arrives at the Berouw (Berau) River mouth, NE Borneo.

3 June 1944:
Arrives at Tarakan, Borneo.

4 June 1944:
Arrives at Trusan Ligitan.

5 June 1944:
Departs Trusan Ligitan and arrives at Tawi Tawi.

16 June 1944:
Departs Tawi Tawi and arrives at Zamboanga, Philippines.

17 June 1944:
Departs Zamboanga.

18 June 1944:
Arrives at San Carlos.

19 June 1944:
Departs San Carlos and arrives at Guimaras anchorage, Philippines.

27 June 1944:
Departs Guimaras.

27 June 1944:
Arrives at Zamboanga.

29 June 1944:
Departs Zamboanga and arrives at Tawi Tawi.

1 July 1944:
KYOEI MARU No. 2 is attached to the Third Southern Expeditionary Fleet.

13 July 1944:
Departs Tawi Tawi and arrives at Jolo, Philippines.

14 July 1944:
Departs Jolo and arrives at Zamboanga.

15 July 1944:
Departs Zamboanga and arrives at Glan.

16 July 1944:
Departs Glan.

17 July 1944:
Arrives at Davao.

25 July 1944:
At 0155, KYOEI MARU No. 2 departs Davao for Zamboanga, Philippines in convoy Z-258 also consisting of AZUCHISAN, OYO, TATSUHARU, RYUKA and KITAGAMI MARUs and tanker HISHI MARU No. 2 and LST No. 127 escorted with kaibokan CD-6, CD-16, minesweeper W-30, subchasers CH-13, CH-49 and CH-58, auxiliary subchaser KYO MARU No. 12, auxiliary netlayer TOKACHI MARU, auxiliaries TOKO MARU No. 1 Go and HIYODORI MARU No. 2. The convoy is provided air cover.

27 July 1944:
Sulu Sea. At about 0100, LtCdr (later Captain) Bladen D. Claggett's (USNA ’35) USS DACE (SS-247) attacks the convoy and sinks KYOEI MARU No. 2 at 05-20N,121-43E. Five crewmen are KIA.

10 September 1944:
Removed from the Navy List under internal order No. 1167.


Authors' Notes:
General: Loading and unloading of fuel oil and gasoline noted at various ports in this TROM is speculative rather than factual.

Note 1: According to John Alden US Submarine Attacks During World War II and Monograph 116 The Imperial Japanese Navy in World War II KYOEI MARU No.2 was attacked as follows:

29 March 1943:
Celebes Sea. About 1200, LtCdr (later Rear Admiral) William S. Post’s (USNA ‘30) USS GUDGEON (SS-211) sights a tanker. One torpedo hits KYOEI MARU No. 2 at 00-53N, 119-02E. Damage is however light and she is able to resume her course.

It is possible the ship attacked was one of the higher number KYOEI MARU's or that the above references are mistaken. A torpedo hit on such a small tanker, unless dud, could be reasonably expected to do at least moderate damage.

Note 2: MADRONO was captured by the German raider Hilfskreuzer 10/THOR on 4 July 1942. The ship was also shown in Japanese records as CHORAN MARU.

Thanks for assistance in translating some location names go to Erich Muehlthaler of Germany. General thanks to Gilbert Casse of France.

- Bob Hackett and Peter Cundall.


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