YUSOSEN!



(Oiler by Takeshi Yuki scanned from "Color Paintings of Japanese Warships")

IJN EIYO MARU No. 2:
Tabular Record of Movement

© 2010-2013 Bob Hackett and Peter Cundall.

Revision 2

1943:
Nagasaki. Laid down at Mitsubishi as a 5,061-ton 1TM Standard Merchant Tanker.

December 1943:
Launched and named EIYO MARU No. 2.

31 January 1944:
Completed and requisitioned by the IJN as an auxiliary naval supply ship. Attached to the Sasebo Naval District. Her home port is Sasebo.

3 February 1944:
Listed as the 35th auxiliary naval supply ship.

E February 1944:
Released from the auxiliary naval supply ship list.

28 February 1944:
Requisitioned by the IJN.

15 March 1944:
At 2000 arrives Singapore suffering engine problems. Consequently unable to sail with convoy HI-50 as planned, with engine repairs scheduled to take 5 days.

20 March 1944:
Registered in the IJN and attached to the Kure Naval district as an auxiliary tanker (Otsu) Category under internal order No. 465.

May 1944:
Embarks 200 civilians aboard.

1 May 1944:
Departs Moji in convoy MI-03 also consisting of SHINNO, SHOHEI, KOTOKU, SHUNTEN, NIKKO, ETAJIMA, CHIYODA, DAIJUN, TOUN, TAISEI, KANKYO, RYUKA, DAITEN, ZUIYO, HIYORI, HIOKI MARUs (latter two detached to Takao en route), SHINSEI MARU No.1, OGURA MARU No.2 and UNKAI MARU No.5 escorted by destroyers KARUKAYA, SHIOKAZE, torpedo boat HATO, Auxiliary gunboat PEKING MARU, kaibokan CD 1, CD 13 and submarine-chaser CH 37.

9 May 1944:
KURAHASHI joins escort.

10 May 1944:
The convoy is attacked by LtCdr (later Rear Admiral) James C. Dempsey’s (USNA ’31) USS COD (SS-224). In a series of attacks the old destroyer KARUKAYA and SHOHEI MARU are sunk in 15.38N 119.32E. The auxiliary transport SHOHEI MARU was carrying with 850 passengers, depth charges, mines, guns and ammunition. Eight crewmen and 12 passengers are KIA.

11 May 1944:
Arrives at Manila, Philippines. Detaches from convoy and disembarks 200 passengers. Loads 50-tons of fuel oil and 100-tons of boiler water.

13 May 1944:
Departs Manila.

18 May 1944:
Arrives at Cebu, Philippines. Loads 1,500 empty petroleum cans and 500 empty drums.

19 May 1944:
Departs Cebu.

20 May 1944:
Arrives at Zamboanga, Philippines. Loads 200 empty drums and 100-tons of boiler water.

24 May 1944:
Departs Zamboanga.

30 May 1944:
Arrives at Balikpapan. Unloads 1,500 empty petroleum cans and 700 empty drums. Loads 7,000-tons of heavy oil, 500-tons of fuel oil and 200-tons of boiler water.

1 June 1944:
Departs Balikpapan.

5 June 1944:
Arrives at Tarakan.

6 June 1944:
Departs Tarakan.

9 June 1944:
Arrives at Kau Bay. Unloads 7,000-tons of heavy oil.

11 June 1944:
Departs Kau Bay.

13 June 1944:
Arrives at Boela (Bula), Ceram. Loads 4,000-tons of heavy oil, 100-tons of fuel and 100-tons of boiler water. That same day, ownership of the ship is transferred to Nippon Yusosen K. K..

15 June 1944:
Departs Boela escorted by destroyer HOKAZE and torpedo boat HAYABUSA.

17 June 1944:
Arrives at Kau Bay, Halmahera. Unloads 3,000-tons of heavy oil.

18 June 1944:
Departs Kau.

20 June 1944:
Arrives at Menado, Celebes (now Sulawesi, Indonesia). Undergoes repairs. Loads 200-tons of boiler water.

21 June 1944:
Departs Menado.

23 June 1944:
Arrives at Davao, Philippines. Loads 1,000-tons of heavy oil and 100-tons of boiler water.

25 June 1944:
Departs Davao.

27 June 1944:
Arrives at Tarakan. Loads 6,000-tons of crude oil and 100-tons of boiler water.

29 June 1944:
Departs Tarakan.

5 July 1944:
Arrives at Balikpapan. Unloads 6,000-tons of cargo. Loads 6,000-tons of heavy oil, 500-tons of fuel and 200-tons of boiler water.

10 July 1944:
Departs Balikpapan.

19 July 1944:
Arrives at Zamboanga. Unloads 1,000-tons of cargo.

21 July 1944:
Departs Zamboanga.

22 July 1944:
Arrives at Cebu. Unloads 1,000-tons of heavy oil and loads 50-tons of boiler water.

23 July 1944:
Departs Cebu.

27 July 1944:
Arrives at Manila. Unloads 4,000-tons of heavy oil and loads 200-tons of boiler water. Undergoes system repairs. A 25-mm machine gun is installed.

5 August 1944:
Departs Manila.

10 August 1944:
Arrives at Tarakan. Loads 7,000-tons of crude oil and 100-tons of boiler water.

13 August 1944:
Departs Tarakan.

20 August 1944:
Arrives at Balikpapan. Unloads 7,000-tons of cargo. Loads 6,000-tons of heavy oil and 900 drums of aviation gasoline.

28 August 1944:
Arrives at Zamboanga, Philippines.

2 September 1944:
Arrives at Arrives at Jolo, Philippines. Unloads 900 drums of aviation gasoline.

3 September 1944:
Departs Jolo.

4 September 1944:
Arrives at Zamboanga. Unloads 1,000-tons of heavy oil and 100-tons of boiler water.

7 September 1944:
At 0200, EIYO MARU No. 2 departs Zamboanga in convoy C-076 consisting of SHINYO, MIHO, KAMITSU and RYUKA MARUs escorted by subchaser CH-55 and auxiliary gunboat KISO MARU.

7 September 1944:
Off Mindanao, Philippines. At 1659, LtCdr Byron H. Nowell's (USNA ’35) USS PADDLE (SS-263) torpedoes and sinks SHINYO MARU carrying 750 American POWs at 08-12N, 122-37E. 15 crewmen, 47 guards and 667 POWs are KIA. Only 83 POWs reach the beach where one later dies. The remaining POWs make later contact with the guerilla and are ultimately picked up by USS NARWHAL on 29 September. EIYO MARU No. 2 is also damaged and is taken in tow by salvage ship MIHO MARU and heads for Cebu.

8 September 1944:
LtCdr Richard E. Nichols' (USNA ’35) USS BASHAW (SS-241) torpedoes and sinks RYUKA MARU at 08-19N, 121-30E. 18 crewmen and 321 troops are KIA.

9 September 1944:
EIYO MARU No. 2, MIHO MARU and escorts arrive at Cebu. EIYO MARU No. 2 is beached at Sindagon Point at 08-10N, 122-40E and is deemed damaged beyond repair. [1]

12 September 1944:
Cebu port. EIYO MARU No. 2 is bombed by aircraft and sinks at 08-12N, 122-37E. 43 crewmen and two passengers are KIA.

11 November 1944:
Removed from the Navy List under internal order No. 1258.


Authors' Note:
[1] It is unclear whether KAMITSU MARU was with them or had proceeded on to Manila.

Thanks to Mr. Gilbert Casse of France.

- Bob Hackett and Peter Cundall.


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