Annotated Bibliography

Histories
Japan at War by Haruko Taya Cook and Theodore Cook. Fantastic book, probably the best all-around book I have read on the Pacific War. Superb interviews with a wide spectrum of Japanese: soldiers, sailors, mothers, dissenters, schoolchildren, war criminals. Each chapter of interviews is prefaced by an excellent historical introduction, which sets the context for the narratives that follow. I just can't say enough good things about this book.

The Imperial Japanese Navy in World War II edited by David Evans. An excellent compilation of essays by Japanese naval officers detailing various facets of the Pacific War. This book is one of my very favorites.

Empires in the Balance: Japanese & Allied Pacfic Strategies to April 1942 by H P Wilmott. NIP. Annapolis. (Mine is Orbis UK ed, so ISBN may differ). 1982. ISBN 0 85613 428 7. pp 487. A tremendously valuable look at the strategic policies of all major combatants involved in the Pacific War before the war and the first six months. Great detail about what happened in the Phillippines, Malaya, Dutch East Indies and the rest of the Pacific. Wilmott is English but that does not slow down his hammering of British strategies in Malaya. Well balanced from both the Allied and Japanese perspectives. This book, and the subsequent "Barrier and the Javelin" have done more to elevate my understanding of Pacific strategy than any books I have read in the last decade. Phenomenal. And really hard to find, unfortunately.

The Barrier and the Javelin: Japanese & Allied Pacfic Strategies February to June 1942 by H P Wilmott. NIP. Annapolis. 1983. ISBN 0 87021 092 0. pp 596. Second vol. of a trilogy that began with "Empires in the Balance" The second book in Wilmot's trilogy about the Pacific War. Begins with an assessment of the critical position Japan found herself in during the spring of 1942... ie., do we go east and take Hawaii, go south to isolate or take Australia, go west and force the British out of India, or do we sit and defend the perimeter against all comers? The Allied dilemma is also covered along with detailed analysis of Coral Sea and Midway. Wilmott is apparently still working on the third volume.

A Battle History of the Imperial Japanese Navy by Paul Dull. Don't let the author's last name fool you (even though my wife snickers about it every time she sees it). This work is the result of translating the surviving daily Japanese operational logs and battle track records for a great number of their vessels, and is the first English-language accounting of events from the Japanese perspective. Also has excellent maps. Great book.

Japanese Destroyer Captain by Tameichi Hara. Wonderful account of a tin can skipper on the other side. Well written and informative, but hard to find these days (it came out as a paperback in the 60's; my thanks go to my sister-in-law for having scrounged up my copy). How this guy survived the war is beyond me. Not only did he fight in a number of battles in the Solomons, and lived, but he also ended up the war as skipper of the Yahagi on its one-way mission with Yamato in April, 1945 (where she suffered the consequences one would expect).

Combined Fleet Decoded by John Prados. Excellent, with lots of 'insider information' sorts of details. I never knew Yamato had an elevator until I read this book. His bibliography is jaw-dropping; the man has done his homework.

Eagle Against The Sun by Ronald Spector. I'm not normally a fan of all-encompassing one-volume war histories. This one, I think, is very, very good.

Guadalcanal by Richard Frank. The definitive study of the campaign. The author does a great job of presenting both the land and naval campaigns. Highly recommended.

The Reluctant Admiral by Hiroyuki Agawa. If you want to get a feel for Admiral Isoroku Yamamoto, this is the book.

The Japanese Merchant Marine in World War II by Mark Parillo. I liked the information presented in this book, but I didn't think it was very well organized: there was no sense of a chronology, and no larger context in which to put the information presented. Still, useful information on an important part of the war.

Miracle at Midway by Gordon Prange. The most detailed account of the pivotal battle.

At Dawn We Slept by Gordon Prange. Pearl Harbor in detail.

Victory at Sea by James Dunnigan and Albert Nofi. Could be a tremendously useful book; I haven't read even a small portion of it yet. However, the few pages that I have read have been replete with errors: the Shinano did not sink while under tow (she was under her own power when Archerfish zapped her, albeit not yet combat-worthy), the Mutsu did not blow up in Hong Kong Harbor (she blew up near Hiroshima. I oughta know; I used to live there). It's stupid little errors like these, which could easily have been remedied with a good proof-reading, that throw the credibility of the whole work into question.

Reference Works
The Battleship Yamato by Janusz Skulski. The book on the Yamato. Unbelievable levels of detail, especially considering that all of Yamato's plans and known photographs were destroyed by Japanese authorities before the Allied technical mission could get to them after the war. Bummer. This book is not for everyone, but WWII naval scale modelers (as well as any serious battleship freak) are required to have a copy.

The Heavy Cruiser Takao by Janusz Skulski. Even more detailed than Skulski's previous Yamato effort. We're talking drawings on how the linoleum was attached to the deck, etc. Just crazy. I love it.

Warships of the Imperial Japanese Navy by Hansgeorg Jentschura, Dieter Jung, and Peter Mickel. The primary naval reference book on the ships of Nihon Kaigun.

United States Battleships in World War II.
Axis and Neutral Battleships in World War II.
Allied Battleships in World War II. By Robert Dulin and William Garzke. Gotta have them if you're a battleship freak; great internal schematics and really good text.

Naval Weapons of World War Two by John Campbell. Everything you ever wanted to know about naval weapons of all kinds: guns, fire-control systems, torpedoes, mines, and so on. A tremendous reference work.

Destroyers of World War Two by M.J. Whitley. Good destroyer reference; contains very good information on Japanese destroyer classes; their design philosophy, equipment, and respective fates.

Cruisers of World War Two by M.J. Whitley. Same author, same good reference material, although not as detailed as his book on destroyers.

Japanese Naval Vessels at the End of World War II by Shizuo Fukui. A fascinating book written by one of the few Japanese naval officers who agreed to cooperate with the Allies after the war ended. Fukui was a naval constructor during the war, and hence had very detailed knowledge of the vessels and their histories. Contains many fascinating (and depressing) photos of these vessels as they looked after it was all over.

1/700 Waterline Series Guide Book. Sold by Tamiya Model Company.

Random Japanese Warship Details, Volumes 1 & 2. Sold by Tamiya Model Company. Beautiful drawings.

Semi-Annotated English Bibliography

The following books have been suggested to me by some of my friends out there on the Net. Please note that this section needs a lot of work, because I haven't yet been able to go back through all of my e-mails concerning this page (I'm presently looking at compiling them all into a Lotus Notes database so I can retrieve stuff faster and more accurately), so more stuff will be added as soon as I can find it. Any comments or annotations contained are courtesy of the person(s) who sent the bibliographic information to me -- I take no credit or blame for their comments. My own comments are contained in brackets, i.e. [Ed:]. And sorry for the irregular formatting; these were contributed by many different people and I didn't have the time or inclination to give them any more than a light re-formatting.

In addition, you might want to check out the very fine bibliography Allyn Nevitt used in preparing his 'Long Lancer' studies for this page. Click here to see them.

As you can see, this area is under construction

War Plan Orange by Edward S. Miller. Naval Institute Press. The U.S. strategy to defeat Japan, 1897-1945.

Power In The Pacific by Roger Dingman. Naval Institute Press. The origins of naval arms limitation, 1914-1922.

Imperial Tragedy by Thomas M. Coffey. World Publishing Company. The story of Japan's involvement in World War II, told within the framework of the first days and the last.

Japanese I-boat Captain by Zenji Orita with Joseph D. Carrington. Canoga Park: Major Books, 1976. Interesting because it is the only memoirs I have seen so far of a surviving Japanese submarine captain. It is also interesting to see the different identifications of the Japanese subs sunk by the US Navy and those stated by Orita.

Submarines of the Imperial Japanese Navy, 1904-1945, Carpenter, D. & Polmar, N. (1986). Conway Maritime Press Ltd., London, 176 pages. (Detailed account on Japanese submarine strategy and operations during WW II, and technical data and war career of all Japanese submarines, including submarine carriers and tenders. Illustrated with b/w photos and drawings).

Japonskie Krazowniki Ciezkie" (Japanese heavy cruisers) - Nautilus 2 (1994). A4 format, 40 pages. (Polish monograph but with many photos and drawings, including an 1/400 plan of the Suzuya; available from Books International, 69b Lynchford Road, Farnborough, Hampshire, GU14 6EJ, UK)

Akagi, Maritime Monograph 2. A4 format, 40 pages. (Polish monograph but profusely illustrated, including a 1/400 plan of the aircraftcarrier, available from Books International)

Battleships and Battle Cruisers 1905 - 1970, Siegfried Breyer, Doubleday & Co, Inc., 1973, ISBN 0385-0-7247-0-3 [Ed: The grand-daddy of battleship references. Some errors, but a very worthwhile, comprehensive reference work]

God's Samurai: Lead Pilot at Pearl Harbor by Gordon W. Prange, 1990, Macmillan Publishing Co. ISBN 0-08-037440-9, Describes the war from Fuchida's perspective, including a lot of behind the scenes personal interaction with the likes of Yamamoto and Ozawa, and even a couple of audiences with the Emperor. Recommended.

Sole Survivor, by George Gay, Revised Edition, 1986, Midway Publishers, ISBN 0-938300-08-3. His Navy Cross and Purple Heart, along with a piece of shrapnel taken from his hand are at the Smithsonian. Gay was prodded into writing the book by Pappy Boyington of 'Black Sheep Squadron' fame....

Old friend, new enemies. The Royal Navy and the Imperial Japanese Navy. Strategic Illusions 1936-41. Author: Arthur J. Marder. Published by Clarendon Press, 1981. Immensely interesting for everybody interested in the IJN.

Japanese naval vessels of World War Two: as seen by US Naval Intelligence. introduction by A.D. Baker III. Poole: Arms and Armour Press, 1987. ISBN 0-85368-847-8. This book is a compillation of US Division of US Naval Intelligence papers numbered ONI 41-421 (Index to All Japanese Naval Vessels), ONI 41-42 (Japanese Naval Vessels), ONI 220J (Japanese submarines), and ONI 225J (Japanese Landing Operations and Equipment), all appeared between 1942-1944. It is interesting for knowing what the US did know about Japanese navy warships (and the way of identifiying them) in WWII.

The Imperial Japanese Navy, by A. J. Watts and B. G. Gordon. London: MacDonald & Co., 1971 ISBN 356-03045-8. Comprehensive list of Japanese warships, similar to the well know Jentschura's, I think this is better, because includes better judgements of each class of ship.

WORLD WAR II IN THE NORTH PACIFIC (ISBN 0-313-29130-6), by Kevin Hutchison. Greenwood Publishing Co., 1994. [Ed: Kevin is a pen pal of mine. Sadly, I haven't read his book yet, but it's gotten very good reviews.]

Fading Victory. The Diary of Admiral Matome Ugaki 1941-45. Translated by Masataka Chihaya c. 1991University of Pittsburgh Press

Japanese Aircraft of the Pacific War by Rene J Francillon. Putnam. London. 2nd ed 1979, reprinted 1994. ISBN 0 85177 801 1. pp 570.[Comprehensive, to say the least].

Midway by Mitsuo Fuchida & Masatake Okumiya. NIP. Annapolis. 1955. ISBN 0 87021 372 5. pp 266.[Classic stuff].

The Japanese Submarine Force and World War II by Carl Boyd and Akihiko Yoshida. Shrewsbury: Airlife, 1996. ISBN 1-85310-764-6. Detailed account of Japanese submarine arm in WWII.

Japanese Naval Aces and Fighter Units of World War II: Ikuhiko Hata & Yasuho Izawa , trans by Don Cyril Gorham. NIP (mine is Airlife UK ed 1990 so the ISBN is UK). 1989. ISBN 1 85310 138 9. pp 442. [Bio and pic of each one]

The Pearl Harbour Papers; inside the Japanese plans Edited by Donald M. Goldstein & Katherine V Dillon. Brassey's (US). 1993. ISBN 0 02 881001 5. pp 384. [the inner covers have a full colour repro of the map used to brief Hirohito on the attack, with translation notes on it. Has extracts from war diaries, personal diaries and reports.]

Morning Glory: The story of the Imperial Japanese Navy by Stephen Howarth. Arrow. London. 1985 paperback. (1st UK ed. Hamish Hamilton 1983). ISBN 0 09 935600 7. pp 398. [weak bibliography].

Japan's War by Edwin Hoyt. Although it concentrates on the total militaristic/political aspects of Japan, & therefore delves into the Army, China, & other subjects, it does offer perspectives on naval activities. However, as a couple of the pictures included in the book have blatant inaccruacies, like mis-identifying a more/less obsure small aircraft as a Betty bomber, it makes me wonder if there are other inaccuracies.

Okinawa by Lt Col A.J Barker. Published by A.P Publishing Ltd (Bison Books) ISBN 0 86827 092 X

Japanese High Seas Fleet by Richard Humble. From Ballantine's illustrated history series.Weapons book#33.

Operation Pacific by Edwyn Gray. A detailed account of the Royal Navy's contribution to the war in the Pacific. Good insight into a little known element of the war.

Disaster in the Pacific by Denis and Peggy Warner. With "new" information about the Battle of Savo Island. A well written, highly detailed account of the battle seen from both sides.

The First South Pacific Campaign by John B. Lundstrom. Fundamental strategies of both the Allies and the Japanese from January 42 -June 1942.

When Tigers Fight by Dick Wilson. A good accounting of the Sino- Japanese War. Another book on an obscure element of the Pacific war.

Japanese Naval Aces and Fighter Units in WWII by Ikuhiko Hata and Yasuho Izawa. This appears to be a complete listing of unit histories by squadron including shipbased "Kaga Fighter Squadron" and land based "Tainan Air Group". Includes group pilot photos from most of the squadrons. Also appears to include a complete listing of Japanese aces and their bio- graphies along with lots of pictures.

Japanese Aircraft of the Pacific War by Rene J. Francillon. A comprehensive analysis of Japanese aircraft and industry. Lots of photos and complete technical data for all types. All Japanese aircraft built or just dreamed of are in this book.

Chronology of the War at Sea, 1939-1945 by J. Rohwer and G. Hummelchen. Includes the sailing dates of all ships involved in military operations. Covers all major actions and operations of all navies in all seas. Over 8000 warships and the names of over 3000 persons are mentioned. The details of this work make it a must for serious naval wargamers.

The First Team: Pacific Naval Air Combat from Pearl Harbor to Midway by John B. Lundstrom. Annapolis: US Naval Institute Press, 1984. ISBN 0-87021-189-7 This books smells to burned gasoline and powder!!! It is a fully-documented work with a huge amount of researching behind it. I recommend it highly to all naval aviation fans. Reading this book is a first-class experience!

The First Team at Guadalcanal by John Lundstrom (Naval Institute)

Guadalcanal - The Carrier Battles by Eric Hamel

Guadalcanal - The Surface Battles by Eric Hamel

Victory at Sea by James Dunnigan and Albert (Alfred?) Nofi

Morning Glory : the story of the Imperial Japanese Navy by Stephen Howarth. Arrow. London. 1985 paperback. (1st UK ed. Hamish Hamilton 1983). ISBN 0 09 935600 7. pp 398. [weak bibliography].

Thunder Gods: The Kamikaze Pilots Tell Their Story by Hatsuho Naito, A Dell Book

Sub-Chaser by Edward Stafford Warner Books

The Battle to Save the Houston by John Miller Pocket Books

Sink 'Em All! by Charles Lockwood Bantam

Miscellaneous Articles

- Itani, J. et al. (1993): "Japanese midget submarines: Kohyoteki Types A to C". Warship 1993, 113-129, Conway Maritime Press Ltd. (Detailed account with illustrations and technical data).

- Itani, J. et al. (1993): "The Akizuki class". Warship 1993, 143-166.(Design, construction and technical data, b/w photos and drawings).

- Itani, J. et al. (1992): "Japanese special attack weapons". Warship 1992, 170-184. (midget submarines [Koryu and Kairyu types], human torpedoes > [Kaiten], explosive boats [Shinyo]).

- Itani, J. et al. (1991): "Anti-craft gunnery in the Imperial Japanese > Navy". Warship 1991, 81-100. (illustrated with many photos and drawings)

- Itani, J. et al. (1991): "Japanese oxygen torpedoes and fire control systems". Warship 1991, 121-133. (Technical data on the Long Lancers).

- Itani, J. & Lengerer, H. (1990): "The Imperial Japanese Navy repair ship Akashi". Warship 1990, 118-131.

- Lengerer, H. et al. (1987): "The Heavy Cruiser Tone". (A series of four articles published in Warship 41, 42, 43 and 44, profusely illustrated with photos and drawings. Very good.)

- Lengerer, H. et al. (1986): "The Special Fast Landing ships of the Imperial Japanese Navy". (A series of three articles published in Warship > 38, 39 and 40).

- Lengerer, H. et al. (1986): "Kitakami". Warship 37, 33-43. (An excellent monograph on this light cruiser and its late war conversion to kaiten carrier).

- Lengerer, H. (1984): "Japanese Kaibokan escorts". (A series of three > articles published in Warship 30, 31 and 32, dealing with the coastal defense ships: Shimushu, Etorofu, Mikura, Uruku, No 1 and No 2 classes).

Un-annotated Japanese Bibliography

These sources were graciously provided by Dr. Carlos R. Rivera, as cited in his dissertation. Dr. Rivera is presently employed by Franklin County (Ohio) and teaches at Ohio State University.

PRIMARY MATERIALS
Banno Junji, et al., eds. Takarabe Takeshi nikki: kaigun shikan jidai. [The Dairy of Takarabe Takeshi: The Period of his Naval Vice-ministry]. 2 vols. Tokyo: Yamakawa shuppansha, 1983.

Fukudome Shigeru. Kaigun no hansei. [Reflections of the Navy]. Tokyo: Nihon shuppan kyodo kabushiki kaisha, 1951.

Hata Ikuhiko, ed. Nihon rikukaigun sogo jiten. [Comprehensive Dictionary of the Japanese Military]. Tokyo: Tokyo daigakko shuppankai, 1991.

Ito Takashi and Nomura Minoru, eds. Kaigun taisho Kobayashi Seizo oboegaki. [The Reminiscences of Admiral Kobayashi Seizo]. Tokyo: Yamakawa shuppansha, 1981.

Japan. Boeicho Boei Kenkyujo Senshishitsu. Senshi sosho, Dai hon'ei kaigunbu: rengo kantai, ichi, kaisen made. [Imperial Headquarters, Navy Department: The Combined Fleet, 1, up to the war]. Tokyo: Asagumo shinbunsha, 1971.

-------. Hawai sakusen. [The Hawaii Operation]. Tokyo: Asagumo shinbunsha, 1967.

-------. Hito koryaku sakusen. [Philippine Occupation Plan]. 2 vols. Tokyo: Asagumo shinbunsha, 1966.

-------. Kaigun gunsembi. [Naval Preparations]. 2 vols. Tokyo: Asagumo shinbunsha, 1969, 1975.

-------. Yamamoto Gombei to kaigun. [Yamamoto Gombei and the Navy]. Tokyo: Hara shobo, 1966.

-------. Kaigunsho daijin kambo, ed. Kaigun gumbi enkaku. [Development of Naval Preparations]. 2 vols. Tokyo: Gannado shoten, 1970.

SECONDARY MATERIALS
Akiyama Saneyuki Kai, ed. Teitoku Akiyama Saneyuki. [Admiral Akiyama Saneyuki]. Tokyo: Iwanami shoten, 1934.

Arai Tatsuo. Kato Tomosaburo. [Kato Tomosaburo]. Tokyo: Jiji tsushinsha, 1985.

Asada Sadao. "Nihon kaigun to gunshuku," [The Japanese Navy and Disarmament], in Hosoya and Saito, Wasington taisei to Nihon kankei.

-------. Ryotaisenkan no Nichi-Bei kankei: Kaigun to seisaku kettei katei. [Japanese-American Relations Between the Wars: Naval Policy and the Decision-making Process]. Tokyo: Tokyo daigaku shuppankai, 1993.

Braisted, William R. "Amerika kaigun to orenji sakusen keikaku," [The American Navy and the Orange Plan] in Hosoya and Saito, Wasington taisei to Nihon kankei.

Chihaya Masatake. Kaigun keieisha Yamamoto Gombei. [Navy Administrator Yamamoto Gombei.] Tokyo: Purejidentosha, 1986.

-------. Nihon kaigun no senryaku hasso. [The Japanese Navy's Conception of Naval Strategy.] Tokyo: Purejidentosha, 1982.

Hata Ikuhiko. Showa shi no gunjintachi. [Military Leaders of Showa History]. Tokyo: Bungei shunju, 1972.

-------. Taiheiyo kokkusai kankei shi. [History of Relations in the Pacific]. Tokyo: Bungei shunju, 1972.

Hirama Yoichi. Daiichiji taisen to Nihon kaigun. [The First World War and the Japanese Navy]. Tokyo: Boeicho Boei Kenkyujo Senshibu, 1989.

Hosoya Chihiro and Saito Makato. Wasinton taisei to Nihon kankei. [Japan's Participation in the Washington System]. Tokyo: Tokyo daigakko shuppankai, 1978.

Ikeda Kiyoshi. Nihon no kaigun. [The Japanese Navy]. Tokyo: Shisiedo, 1967.

-------. Kaigun to Nihon. [The Imperial Navy and Japan]. Tokyo: Chuo koronsha, 1981.

Ito Masanori. Dai kaigun o omou. [On a Great Navy]. Tokyo: Bungei shunjusha, 1956.

Kato Kanji taisho denki hensankai. Kato Kanji taisho den. [The Biography of Admiral Kato Kanji]. Tokyo: Kato Kanji taisho denki hensankai, 1941.

Kawashima Seijiro. Kokubo kaigun ron. [On Imperial Naval Defense]. Tokyo: Susanbo, 1911.

Kudo Michihiro. Nihon kaigun to taiheiyo senso. [The Japanese Navy and the Pacific War]. 2 vols. Tokyo: Nansosha, 1982.

Murakami Kakuichi, ed. [Kaigun] Gundan. [Discussions about the Navy]. Tokyo: Jitsugyono nihonsha, 1917.

NHK (Japanese Television). Orenji sakusen: gunshukuka no Nichi-Bei taiheiyo senryaku. [The Orange Plan: Armaments Limitation and Japanese-American Pacific Strategy]. Tokyo: Kadokawa shoten, 1986.

Nomura Minoru. Rekishi no naka no kaigun. [The Japanese Navy in History]. Tokyo: Hara shobo, 1980.

-------. Taiheiyo senso to Nihon gumbu. [The Pacific War and Japan's Military]. Tokyo: Yamawaka shuppansha, 1983.

-------. Tenno, Fushimi no miya to Nihon kaigun. [The Emperor, Prince Fushimi, and the Japanese Navy]. Tokyo: Bungei shunjusha, 1988.

Ogasawara Naganari. Seisho Togo zenden. [Life of Admiral Togo]. 1930. 4 vols. Tokyo: Kokusho kankokai, 1987.

Oide Hisashi, ed. Akiyama Saneyuki no subete. [All about Akiyama Saneyuki]. Tokyo: Shinjinbutsu oraisha, 1982.

-------. Chiso Akiyama Saneyuki. [Admiral Akiyama Saneyuki]. Tokyo: Kojinsha, 1986.

-------. Kaigun no chichi Yamamoto Gombei. [Yamamoto Gombei: The Father of the Japanese Navy]. Tokyo: Kojinsha, 1989.

Oyama Azusa. Yamagato Aritomo ikensho. [Yamagata Aritomo's Opinions]. Tokyo: Hara Shobo, 1966.

Sanematsu Yuruzu. Kaigun daigaku kyoiku. [Higher Education in the Navy]. Tokyo: Kojinsha, 1985.

Sato Tetsutaro. Teikoku kokubo ron. [A Discussion of Imperial Defense]. Tokyo: Suikosha, 1902.

-------. Teikoku kokubo shi ron. [On the History of Imperial Defense]. 1908, 1910. 2 vols. Tokyo: Hara shobo, 1979.

Shimada Kinji. Amerika ni okeru Akiyama Saneyuki. [Akiyama Saneyuki in America]. 2 vols. Tokyo: Asahi shinbunsha, 1990.

-------. Roshiya senso zenya no Akiyama Saneyuki. [Akiyama Saneyuki on the eve of the Russian War]. 2 vols. Tokyo: Asahi shinbunsha, 1990.

Shinohara Hiroshi. Kaigun sosetsushi: Igirusu gunji komodan no kage. [History of the Navy's Establishment]. Tokyo: Riburopoto, 1986.

Sugita Ichiji. Nihon no seisenryaku to kyokun. [Lessons from Japanese Politics]. Tokyo: Hara shobo, 1983.

Tazaki Suematsu. Hyoden Tanaka Giichi: Jugonen senso no genten. [A Critical Biography of Tanaka Giichi: The Origins of the 15 Year War]. 2 vols. Chufo: Heiwa senryaku sogo kenkyujo, 1981.

Toyama Saburo. Nichi-Ro kaisenshi no kenkyu. [A Historical Study of Russo-Japanese Naval Battles]. 2 vols. Tokyo: Kyoiku shuppan sentaa, 1985.

-------. Nihon kaigun shi. [Japanese Naval History]. Tokyo: Hambai kyoikusha shuppan saabisu, 1980.

Toyoda Jo. Katsura Taro to Nichi-Ro Senso shoguntachi. [Katsura Taro and Military Officers of the Russo-Japanese War]. Tokyo: Kodansha, 1983.

-------. Sobo no umi: Gunshuku no chichi, teitoku Kato Tomosaburo no shogai. [The Shadowy Sea: The Father of Disarmament, the Career of Kato Tomosaburo]. Tokyo: Purejidentosha, 1983.

Tsunoda Jun. Manshu mondai to kokubo hoshin: Meiji koki ni okeru kokubo kankyo no hendo. [The Manchurian Problem and the National Defense Policy: Changes in National Defense during the Meiji Era]. Tokyo: Hara shobo, 1967.

Tsurumura Matsuichi. Akiyama Yoshifuru, Saneyuki shogun. [General Akiyama Yoshifuru and Admiral Akiyama Saneyuki]. Matsuyama: Matsuyama kyodo shi bungaku kenkyu kai, 1978.

Yasui Somei. Riku-kaigun jinbutsu shiron. [Japanese Army and Navy Personalities]. 1916. Tokyo: Nihon tosho sentaa, 1990.

ARTICLES
Abe Kozo. "Nisshin kowa to sangoku kansho." [The Sino-Japanese Peace Treaty and the Triple Intervention], Kokusai seiji, 3 (1961):52-70.

Akiyama Saneyuki. "Rekkoku to Nihon kaigun ryoku." [The Powers and Japanese Naval Strength], Kaigun, 10 (October 1915):7-10.

Asada Sadao. "Amerika no tai Nichikan to Washinton taisei". [The Washington Conference and America's view of Japan], Kokusai seiji, 2 (1966):36-57.

Domon Shuhei. "Akiyama Saneyuki, Nihonkai kaisen no sakusen o ritsuanshita tensai." [Akiyama Saneyuki, Planner for the Battle of the Sea of Japan], Bessatsu reki shi tokuhon, (Summer 1983):138-145.

Fukuha Shogun, (psued.). "Sengo no kaigun jujitsu mondai." [The Navy's Postwar Problems], Taiyo, 24 (15 June 1918):153-160.

Hanai Kiyoshi. "Akiyama Saneyuki to hanai tokuzo no geike ron." [Discussion of Akiyama Saneyuki's Brilliance], Rekishi to jimbutsu, 8 (May 1978):44-49.

Hara Shoichiro. "Kokubo kaizo ron." [The Struggle over Defense Policy], Taiyo, 27 (November 1921):28-48.

Hata Ikuhiko. "Meijiki iko ni okeru Nichi-Bei taiheiyo senryaku no hensen." [Changes in Japan's British-American Pacific Strategy in the Meiji era], Kokusai seiji, 2 (1967):96-115.

Hirama Yoichi. "A.T. Mahan ga Nihon Kaigun ni ataeta eikyo." [Mahan's Influence on the Japanese Navy], Seiji keijai shigaku, 320 (February 1993):29-48.

-------. "Daiichiji sekai taisen chu no Nichi-Bei-Mekishiko kankei." [World War I and Japanese-American-Mexican Relations], Nihon rekishi, 506 (July 1990):67-83.

-------. "Nihon kaigun no tai-Bei sakusen keikaku." [Japanese Navy Planning for an American War], Gunji shigaku, 25 (March 1990):350-362.

-------. "Sun Tzu no heiho to Nihon kaigun." [Sun Tzu and the Japanese Navy], Nihon rekishi, 520 (September 1991):74-85.

-------. "Taiheiyo no kosei: Akiyama Saneyuki." [Pacific Personality: Akiyama Saneyuki], Taiheiyo gakkaishi, 14 (April 1991):190-191.

Imai Seiichi. "Taishoki ni okeru gumbu no seijiteki chii." [The Military's Position during the Taisho Era], Shiso, 399 (September 1957):3-21.

-------. "Taishoki ni okeru gumbu no seijiteki chii." [The Military's Position during the Taisho Era], Shiso, 402 (December 1957):106-122.

Imai Shoji. "Nichi-Ei domei kosho ni okeru Nihon no shucho." [Japan's Demands during the Anglo-Japanese Alliance negotiations], Kokusai seiji, (Fall/Winter 1957):119-136.

Iriye Akira. "Heiwa teki hattenshugi to Nihon." [Peaceful Expansion and Japan], Chuo koron rekishi jimbutsu, 10 (October 1969):74-94.

-------. "Nichi-Bei tekitai ishiki no gensen." [The Roots of American-Japanese Antagonism], Kokusai Seiji, 2 (1966):1-19.

Ito Terumi. "Sato Tetsutaro no kokubo riron." [Sato Tetsutaro Imperial Defense Theories], Kaikanko no hyoron, 6 (5, 1966):17-38.

Kobayashi Dogen. "Teikoku kokubo hoshin no doyo." [The Commotion over the National Defense Policy], Nihon rekishi, 507 (September 1990):57-73.

Koike Shoichi. "Wasington kaigun gunshuku kaigi zengo no kaigun bunai jokyo." [The Navy Department before and after the Washington Conference], Nihon rekishi, 480 (May 1988):68-84.

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