KOSAKUKAN!

(YAMASHIMO MARU prewar in Yamashita Kisen's service)

IJN Repair Ship YAMASHIMO MARU:
Tabular Record of Movement

© 2008-2014 Bob Hackett and Peter Cundall
Revision 2


8 September 1937:
Tsurumi. Laid down at Tsurumi Shipyard as a 6, 777-ton cargo ship for Yamashita Kisen K. K., Kobe.

14 March 1938:
Launched and named YAMASHIMO MARU.

9 June 1938:
Completed.

9 August 1938:
Departs Kobe in Yamashita Kisen’s service on their Kobe-Australia route.

28 August 1941:
Requistioned and registered in the IJN.

5 September 1941:
Departs Kure. Travels to Otaru, then makes calls to Otaru, Rutaka (Aniva), Otaru, Nagoya, Kure, Nagasaki, Sasebo, Yokosuka, Kure, Sasebo, Yokosuka, Kure, Sasebo, Nagasaki, Kure, Kobe, Osaka, Yokosuka, Kure, Sasebo, Saitozaki, Kure, Kobe, Yokosuka, Osaka, Kure, Hikari, Sasebo, Nagasaki, Tama, Kobe, Yokosuka, Sakito, Sasebo.

31 December 1941:
Designated a special transport ship.

1 January 1942:
Departs Sasebo.

8 January 1942:
Arrives at Davao and departs later that day.

10 January 1942:
Arrives at Jolo, Philippines.

16 January 1942:
Departs Jolo.

17 January 1942:
Arrives at Bangka, Celebes.

18 January 1942:
Departs Bangka and later that day arrives Menado, Celebes.

22 January 1942:
Departs Menado and later that day arrives Bangka.

26 January 1942:
Departs Bangka and later that day arrives at Menado.

1 February 1942:
Departs Menado and later that day arrives Bangka.

2 February 1942:
Departs Bangka anchorage.

4 February 1942:
Arrives at Kendari, Celebes.

6 February 1942:
YAMASHIMO MARU departs Kendari in the Makassar invasion force consisting of transports HOKUROKU, NANKAI, KINAI, MONTEVIDEO, MATSUE and IKUSHIMA MARUs carrying Captain (later Vice Admiral) Mori Kunizo's (former CO of SATA) Sasebo No. 1 Combined Special Naval Landing Force (SNLF) escorted by Rear Admiral Kubo’s 1st Base Force’s patrol boats PB-1, PB-2 and PB-34, light cruiser NAGARA, MineSweepDiv 21, SubchasDiv 2 and SubChasDiv 1’s CH-1, CH-2 and CH-3.

9 February 1942: The Invasion of Makassar:
Arrives Makassar, Celebes.

16 February 1942:
Departs Makassar.

26 February 1942:
Arrives at Port Campha, Indochina and departs later that day.

4 March 1942:
Arrives at Sana and departs later that day.

13 March 1942:
Arrives at Yokohama, departs later that day to nearby Kawasaki arriving the same day.

19 March 1942:
Departs Kawasaki and later that day arrives at Tokyo.

27 March 1942:
Departs Tokyo.

7 April 1942:
Arrives at Ponape.

12 April 1942:
Departs Ponape.

14 April 1942:
Arrives at Truk.

12 May 1942:
Departs Truk.

13 May 1942:
YAMASHIMO MARU rescues three survivors from auxiliary cruiser KINJOSAN MARU at 10-18N, 147-02E. The ship was torpedoed and sunk on 3 May 1942 at 09-25N, 151-51E by LtCdr (later Rear Admiral) Henry C. Bruton’s (USNA '26) USS GREENLING (SS-213).

19 May 1942:
Arrives at Kasado Shima.

22 May 1942:
Departs Kasado Shima for Moji.

25 May 1942:
Arrives at Dairen, Manchuria.

1 June 1942:
Departs Dairen.

2 June 1942:
Arrives at Tokyo.

11 June 1942:
Departs Tokyo.

13 June 1942:
Arrives at Kure.

16 June 1942:
Departs Kure.

17 June 1942:
Arrives at Kasado Drydock, Kasado Shima. Deck guns and depth charge equipment are loaded. The ship arrives back at Kure the same day where installation probably takes place.

23 July 1942:
Departs Kure. Later that day, arrives at Tsukumi.

26 July 1942:
Departs Tsukumi.

27 July 1942:
Arrives at Moji.

31 July 1942:
Departs Moji.

1 August 1942:
Arrives at Osaka.

4 August 1942:
Departs Osaka.

15 August 1942:
Arrives at Mille Atoll.

22 August 1942:
Departs Mille Atoll.

25 August 1942:
Arrives at Ponape.

29 August 1942:
Departs Ponape.

31 August 1942:
Arrives at Truk.

13 September 1942:
Departs Truk.

15 September 1942:
Arrives at Mereyon (Merir).

21 September 1942:
Departs Mereyon.

24 September 1942:
Arrives at Garasumao, Palau.

3 October 1942:
Departs Garasumao.

10 October 1942:
Arrives at Shimizu, Japan.

13 October 1942:
Departs Shimizu.

14 October 1942:
Arrives at Shibaura.

19 October 1942:
Departs Shibaura. Later that same day, arrives at Yokosuka.

21 October 1942:
Departs Yokosuka.

31 October 1942:
Arrives at Rabaul.

3 November 1942:
Departs Rabaul.

5 November 1942:
Arrives at Buin.

12 November 1942:
Departs Buin.

14 November 1942:
Arrives at Rabaul.

19 November 1942:
Departs Rabaul.

21 November 1942:
Arrives at Buin.

27 November 1942:
Carries reinforcements from Buin/Shortland to Munda, New Georgia where the Japanese have constructed an airfield. Arrives later that day.

28 November 1942:
USAAF B-17s bomb a convoy enroute from Munda to Guadalcanal. Cargo ship CHIHAYA MARU is damaged and becomes unnavigable. YAMASHIMO MARU takes CHIHAYA MARU under tow to Shortland, Bougainville.

16 January 1943:
YAMASHIMO MARU carries AA units to Kolombangara escorted by torpedo boat HIYODORI.The ship is damaged by air attack while sailing between Munda and Buin. Later that day, arrives at Buin.

15 February 1943:
YAMASHIMO MARU departs Rabaul for Kavieng escorted by destroyer HATSUYUKI.

17 February 1943:
Arrives at Kavieng.

19 March 1943:
Kobe. Begins conversion to a specially installed auxiliary repair ship at Mitsubishi Shipbuilding.

20 March 1943:
Recalled Captain-Ret. Kashiwagi Ei (36)(former CO of KAKO) assumes command.

31 March 1943:
Arrives at Kure.

10 June 1943:
Reassigned directly to the Combined Fleet.

17 June 1943:
Undergoes brief conversion at Kure Naval Base. Late that day, departs Kure.

19 June 1943:
Arrives at Yokosuka.

23 June 1943:
Departs Yokosuka.

19 October 1943:
Truk. Repair Ship HAKKAI MARU provides repairs for YAMASHIMO MARU.

4 December 1943:
Kwajalein. Rear Admiral Charles A. Pownall’s Task Force 50 attacks Kwajalein and Wotje Atolls, Marshalls. Aircraft from LEXINGTON (CV-16) and INDEPENDENCE (CVL-22) sink ASAKAZE and TATEYAMA MARUs, auxiliary subchaser TAKUNAN MARU No. 7 and guardboat MIKUNI MARU No. 5. The planes also damage light cruisers NAGARA and ISUZU, stores ship KINEZAKI, auxiliary vessel FUJIKAWA MARU and transports EIKO, KENBU and MIKAGE MARU No. 18.

5 December 1943:
Kwajalein. YAMASHIMO MARU provides repairs for light cruiser NAGARA, damaged by the bombing, until 9 December.

7-9 December 1943:
Kwajalein. Light cruiser ISUZU, also damaged by the bombing, goes alongside YAMASHIMO MARU that performs repairs.

22 February 1944:
YAMASHIMO MARU departs Saipan for Yokosuka in an unidentified convoy consisting of freighter FUKUYAMA MARU, another freighter and two or more unknown escorts. At about 1500, LtCdr Robert J. Foley’s USS GATO (SS-212) makes attacks the convoy, but Foley’s torpedoes hit a reef instead of his targets.

Later that evening, LtCdr (later MOH/Rear Admiral-Ret.) Richard H. O’Kane’s (USNA '34) USS TANG (SS-306) also finds the convoy. At about 2200, O’Kane closes to 1,500 yards on the surface and fires four torpedoes at FUKUYAMA MARU, which blows up and sinks.

23 February 1944:
At about 0100, O’Kane maneuvers TANG for a second close-range attack. The lead ship, YAMASHIMO MARU’s escort, moves from its covering position on the port bow. At 0120, O’Kane slips in and fires four torpedoes. The first hits YAMASHIMO MARU’s stern, the second hits aft of the stack, and the third strikes forward of the bridge and causes a huge secondary explosion. The blast damages TANG, but she remains on patrol. YAMASHIMO MARU sinks by the stern at 14-45N, 144-32E. 07-13N, 151-38E.

Captain Kashiwagi and three crewmen are KIA. Kashiwagi is promoted Rear Admiral, posthumously.

10 July 1944:
Removed from the Navy List.


Authors' Note:
Photo credit goes to Gilbert Casse of France.

- Bob Hackett, Sander Kingsepp and Peter Cundall.


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