RIKUGUN YUSOSEN/BYOINSEN

Ural Maru Class Auxiliary Hospital Ship/Transport

(URAL MARU, prewar)

2011-2012 Bob Hackett


URAL MARU was completed as a passenger cargo ship in 1929 for the Osaka Shosen Kaisha (OSK) Line. She was in OSK service plying between Kobe and Dairen, Manchuria until she was requisitioned by the Imperial Army in '37 for service as a hospital ship between China and Japan. In '38, URAL MARU returned to OSK service, but was requisitioned again by the IJA in Nov'41 as a military transport to carry troops and supplies from Japan to Southeast Asian ports. In Feb '43, she was again converted to a hospital ship. In Apr '43, URAL MARU was bombed and lightly damaged by USAAF B-17 "Flying Fortress" bombers while she was evacuating wounded soldiers from Guadalcanal. In Sep '44, URAL MARU was torpedoed and sunk by an American submarine.

Builder and
Year Completed:
Mitsubishi Zosen K. K., Nagasaki
1929
Gross tonnage: 6,374-tons.
Dimensions: 404.6' x 54.6' x 32.8'
Propulsion: Steam turbine engines, 6,658 i.h.p., 2 shafts
Speed: 13.3 knots cruising, 17.4 knots maximum
Armament: None as AH, unknown as AP.