TOKUSETSU JUNYOKAN!



(UKISHIMA MARU by Ueda Kihachiro)

IJN UKISHIMA MARU:
Tabular Record of Movement

© 2008-2017 Bob Hackett, Sander Kingsepp and Peter Cundall
Revision 10


7 August 1936:
Tama. Laid down at Mitsui Bussan K. K. Zosembu Kojo (Shipyard) as a 4,731-ton passenger-cargo ship for Osaka Shosen Kabushiki Kaisha (O.S.K).

26 December 1936:
Launched and named UKISHIMA MARU.[1]

15 March 1937:
Completed.

24 March 1937:
In service on OSK Lines’s Osaka-Kobe-Naze-Naha route.

27 January 1940:
S of Tanega-shima Island (S of Kyushu). At about 0300, during a storm, 14,187-ton Philippine passenger/cargo ship PRESIDENT QUEZON (ex-PRESIDENT MADISON, ex-BAY STATE), on her maiden voyage from Vancouver to Manila with general cargo, runs aground on a reef where the depth is 15 fathoms. After leaks appear in No. 1 hold and the engine room, PRESIDENT QUEZON's skipper Captain Crespulo en Rubia orders his radio operator to transmit an SOS as his ship begins sinking stern-first.

UKISHIMA MARU, en route from Osaka to Okinawa, is about 25 miles ENE from the reef when she receives the SOS. Her skipper, Captain Shiho Keijiro, immediately informs Kagoshima Radio Station about the disaster. Captain Shiho is ordered to proceed to the site of accident. Considering the rough seas, limited visibility and the reef-studded location, he decides to wait until daybreak before launching a rescue operation. UKISHIMA MARU already has 334 people aboard and has no equipment to conduct rescue works. UKISHIMA MARU anchors 300 meters away from the reef.

At about 0800, two lifeboats are suddenly cast off from PRESIDENT QUEZON. The seas are still running high and several Japanese sailors, attached to lifelines, go overboard to recover the lifeboats' occupants. Thirty minutes later, the high tide suddenly wrenches PRESIDENT QUEZON free and she starts to drift toward UKISHIMA MARU. At the last moment, a collision is avoided when UKISHIMA MARU hoists anchor and swerves away. Next, PRESIDENT QUEZON lowers six lifeboats, all picked up by UKISHIMA MARU. Despite of the rough seas only two of PRESIDENT QUEZON's sailors fall into the sea during the rescue works. One of them, a cook, 2nd Class, goes missing and is never found.

In all, UKISHIMA MARU rescues 95 sailors and 13 passengers from PRESIDENT QUEZON (including 4 women and 6 children). Later, PRESIDENT QUEZON sinks at 30-22N, 130-57E on the SE side of Nabewari Shoal about 5 3/4 miles SSE of Otake-zaki, the SE extremity of Tanega-shima. Nabewari Shoal (less than 10 fathoms [60 feet] deep) lies about 4 3/4 miles SSW of Otake-zaki and extends about 1 1/2 miles in a N-S direction. [2]

28 January 1940:
At 0400, UKISHIMA MARU arrives at Kobe with a total of 442 people aboard.

3 September 1941:
Requisitioned by the IJN. Arrives at Sasebo for conversion. Four Type 41 15-cm deck guns and two Type 92 7.7-mm machine guns are installed.

20 September 1941:
Attached to Sasebo Naval District as an auxiliary cruiser. Captain Tsuchida Tadashi is the CO.

14 October 1941:
Completes conversion.

11 November 1941:
Assigned to the Sasebo Guard Unit.

8 December 1941:
Departs for an area SW of Goto Retto archipelago.

12 December 1941:
Arrives at Sasebo.

22 December 1941:
Departs Sasebo.

25 December 1941:
Returns to Sasebo. Two depth-charge racks are added, as well as a storage for a total of 18 depth charges.

6 January 1942:
At 0900 UKISHIMA MARU and auxiliary gunboat KAZAN (HUASHAN) MARU depart Saseboand at 1145 arrive at Terajima Strait.

7 January 1942:
At 0720 UKISHIMA MARU departs Terajima Straits but returns there at 1807.

8 January 1942:
At 0800 departs Terajima Straits with KAZAN (HUASHAN) MARU and at 1135 arrives back at Sasebo.

12 January 1942:
At 0800 departs Sasebo.

6 February 1942:
At 0750 departs Sasebo and at 1645 arrives at Imari Wan.

7 February 1942:
At 0650 departs Imari Wan and at 1345 arrives at Saitozaki.

9 February 1942:
At 0015 departs Saitozaki and at 0808 arrives at Sasebo.

12 February 1942:
At 0850 departs Sasebo.

13 February 1942:
At 0926 arrives at Seso.

14 February 1942:
At 1010 departs Seso.

15 February 1942:
At 1110 arrives at Sasebo.

16 February 1942:
At 2020 departs Sasebo.

22 February 1942:
The ship arrives at the sinking location of SHOKYU MARU (32-25N 126-23E) to rescue survivors.

26 February 1942:
At 0758 returns to Sasebo.

10 March 1942:
At 1547 departs Sasebo.

11 March 1942:
At 1032 arrives at Moji.

13 March 1942:
At 0546 escorts an convoy from Moji consisting of FUKKAI, MAYA, SEISHO, KOCHI, TAIKAI, RYUZAN, TEIKAI (ex German FULDA) and OSUMI MARUs also escorted by gunboat HIRASHIMA. At 1552 arrives at Karatsu Wan with auxiliary gunboat PEKING MARU escorting the convoy. The ships are carrying about 4500 personnel of an unidentified aviation group.

15 March 1942:
At 0634 departs Karatsu Wan.

19 March 1942:
At 0850 arrives at Mako.

20 March 1942:
At 0625 departs Mako and at 1250 arrives at Takao.

23 March 1942:
At 1640 departs Takao.

26 March 1942:
At 0944 arrives at Nagasaki.

28 March 1942:
At 1616 departs Nagasaki.

6 April 1942:
At 1405 returns to Sasebo. Two depth charge throwers are added.

10 April 1942:
Designated as the temporary flagship of Vice Admiral Inoue Yasuo’s (38) 1st Surface Escort Unit.

19 April 1942:
At 0800 KURETAKE, WAKATAKE, KARUKAYA, FUYO and auxiliary cruiser UKISHIMA MARU depart Kure.

20 April 1942:
At 1730 the ships all arrive at Mutsure.

21 April 1942:
At 1400 departs Mutsure, Kyushu.

22 April 1942:
At 0800 arrives at Sasebo. Briefly docked.

24 April 1942:
At 1330 departs Sasebo.

27 April 1942:
At 1430 arrives at Mako, Pescadores.

28 April 1942:
At 1330 departs and arrives at 1930 at Takao, Formosa.

30 April 1942:
At 1805 departs Takao.

4 May 1942:
At 1730 arrives at Saigon.

8 May 1942:
At 1000 departs Saigon.

10 May 1942:
At 1730 arrives at Seletar. Remains there for the rest of the month and all of June and July.

June 1942:
Cdr (later Capt) Iwahara Morie (36) (former CEO/CO of DD MOCHIZUKI) is appointed CO.

4 August 1942:
At 1200 departs Seletar.

5 August 1942:
Reassigned to Vice Admiral Takeda Moriji’s (38) 2nd Maritime Escort Unit, 4th Fleet to replace NOSHIRO MARU.

6 August 1942:
Arrives at Singapore.

13 August 1942:
Departs Singapore.

17 August 1942:
Arrives at Macassar and departs later the same day.

22 August 1942:
Arrives at Palau and departs later the same day.

25 August 1942:
Reassigned to Marshalls Area Guard Unit.

30 August 1942:
Departs Truk escorting the Naval transport HAKOZAKI MARU.

5 September 1942:
UKISHIMA MARU is detached and arrives at Ponape.

8 September 1942:
Departs Ponape.

10 September 1942:
Arrives at Jaluit.

11 September 1942:
Transfers to Emidj anchorage.

14 September 1942:
Departs Emidj.

15 September 1942:
Arrives at Tarawa.

23 September 1942:
UKISHIMA MARU departs Tarawa for Truk escorting HITACHI MARU.

29 September 1942:
Arrives at Truk.

30 September 1942:
Departs Truk.

1 October 1942:
Arrives back at Truk.

2 October 1942:
Departs Truk for Tarawa escorting HITACHI MARU.

4 October 1942:
Arrives at Ponape.

11 October 1942:
Departs Ponape.

15 October 1942:
Arrives off Tarawa. Shelled by Task Unit 16.9.1's USS PORTLAND (CA-33) and later attacked by USS PORTLAND’s two Curtiss SOC scout observation "Seagull" floatplanes. HITACHI MARU is near missed by bombs. UKISHIMA MARU puts out to sea.

16 October 1942:
Arrives back at Tarawa.

17 October 1942:
Departs Tarawa.

18 October 1942:
Arrives at Jaluit.

19 October 1942:
Departs Jaluit.

23 October 1942:
Arrives at Truk.

29 October 1942:
Departs Truk escorting auxiliary transport KAGU MARU.

30 October 1942:
Completes escorting KAGU MARU.

31 October 1942:
Arrives back at Truk.

1 November 1942:
Temporarily assigned to SE Area Fleet. Later Participates in Operation RYE, operating off Truk, Tarawa and Emidji. That day departs Truk and meets up with an incoming convoy from Saipan consiting of NIPPO, SHOYO, KENYO and SURUGA MARUs.

2 November 1942:
Arrives at Truk.

3 November 1942:
Departs Truk.

4 November 1942:
In 09-00N 155-00E meets up with Naval oiler IRO.

5 November 1942:
Arrives back at Truk.

9 November 1942:
UKISHIMA and HITACHI MARUs depart Truk via the northern channel.

11 November 1942:
At 08-20N 149-10E UKISHIMA MARU is detached.

13 November 1942:
At 24-00N 145-30E meets up with Naval oiler SHIRETOKO and Naval transport KIMISHIMA MARU.

20 November 1942:
Arrives at Truk.

7 December 1942:
Arrives at Yokosuka.

19 December 1942: Operation C (HEI-GO) - The Reinforcement of New Guinea:
Orders for Operation C (HEI-GO) are issued. The objective of this transport operation is to rush the 20th and 41st Army Division to Wewak. The operation consists of three separate operations, two of them divided into sub echelons sailing at different dates: The first operation HEI-ICHI GO (HEI-GO 1) is to land the main strength of the 20th Army Division consisting of 9,443 men, 82 vehicles, arms and 12,267 bundles of provisions at Wewak.

20 December 1942:
Departs Yokosuka for Truk, Rabaul and Shortland with KIYOKAWA MARU providing mutual escort.

25 December 1942:
At 12-35N 140-32E destroyer OITE joins convoy.

28 December 1942:
At 0-00N 148-00E OITE is detached.

1 January 1943:
UKISHIMA MARU is assigned to transport 856 men of the IJA's 41st Infantry Division, four vehicles and 4,404-tons of military supplies.

5 January 1943:
Departs Pusan with KIYOKAWA MARU.

10 January 1943:
Returns to Sasebo.

24 January 1943:
Departs Sasebo for Tsingtao, China, carrying soldiers of the IJA's 20th Infantry Division and general cargo.

26 January 1943:
Arrives at Tsingtao. [3]

28 January 1943:
At 1200, UKISHIMA MARU departs Tsingtao with KIYOSUMI and AIKOKU MARUs as part of the 3rd Unit of Hinoe No. 3 movement.

2 February 1943:
Arrives at Cebu.

3 February 1943:
Departs Cebu.

14 February 1943:
At 0900, arrives at Palau. Refuels and replenishes. UKISHIMA MARU is detached and organized into the 3rd transport echelon. (Note one source shows UKISHIMA MARU arriving Palau as early as 5 February and it is possible the ship was detached and steamed ahead.)

21 February 1943:
At 0700, departs Palau in a convoy consisting of KIYOKAWA and YASUKUNI MARUs escorted by destroyer ISONAMI.

24 February 1943:
At 1220, arrives at Wewak. Disembarks troops.

25 February 1943:
At 0430, departs Wewak.

26 February 1943:
The convoy separates. UKISHIMA MARU sails for Truk, KIYOKAWA MARU sails for Kure and YASUKUNI MARU sails for Palau.

28 February 1943:
Arrives at Truk.

3 March 1943:
Departs Truk.

5 March 1943:
At 10-55N 145-25E UKISHIMA MARU meets up with an unescorted convoy consisting of NICHIYU and KINAI MARUs.

6 March 1943:
Arrives at Guam.

8 March 1943:
Arrives at Saipan and departs later that day.

14 March 1943:
Arrives at Sasebo.

15 March 1943:
Reassigned to Fifth Fleet's 22 Squadron, 1st Patrol Unit. Transferred to Yokosuka Naval District.

March 1943:
Captain Nakamura Yasuzo is appointed CO.

10 April 1943:
Cdr (Rear Admiral posthumously) Yano Kanji (50), the current XO of Sasebo Naval Base harbor service unit, assumes joint command of UKISHIMA MARU until 15 April.

15 April 1943:
Rerated as gunboat and reassigned to Northern Area Fleet 1st Patrol Unit. Several Type 96 25-mm AA guns are installed.

20 April 1943:
At 0925 departs Sasebo.

22 April 1943:
At 1500 arrives at Yokosuka.

6 May 1943:
At 1200 departs Yokosuka.

8 May 1943:
At 1200 commences the patrol.

17 May 1943:
At 1630 concludes the patrol.

22 May 1943:
At 2010 arrives at Kushiro with auxiliary gunboat FUKUEI MARU No. 10.

26 May 1943:
At 1700 departs Kushiro.

29 May 1943:
At 1730 arrives at Paramushiro.

18 June 1943:
At 0830 departs Paramushiro.

19 June 1943:
At 1000 arrives at patrol area.

30 June 1943:
At 1200 departs patrol area.

3 July 1943:
At 0800 arrives at Kushiro.

12 July 1943:
At 1210 departs Kushiro.

15 July 1943:
At 1010 arrives at Paramushiro, Kuriles.

24 July 1943:
At 1322 departs Paramushiro.

27 July 1943:
At 1200 commences the patrol.

5 August 1943:
At 1200 concludes the patrol.

8 August 1943:
At 1100 arrives at Yokosuka.

28 August 1943:
At 1400 departs Yokosuka.

1 September 1943:
Commences the patrol with 10 picket boats.

10 September 1943:
At 1200 concludes the patrol.

14 September 1943:
At 0800 arrives at Yokosuka.

23 September 1943:
At 1200 transfers from Yokosuka to Yokohama.

4 October 1943:
At 0800 departs Yokosuka.

7 October 1943:
At 1200 commences patrolling.

20 October 1943:
At 1800 concludes patrolling.

22 October 1943:
Suffers an engine breakdown.

24 October 1943:
At 0845 arrives at Yokosuka.

11 November 1943:
At 1030 departs Yokosuka.

14 November 1943:
At 1200 commences patrolling.

26 November 1943:
At 1200 concludes patrolling.

29 November 1943:
At 1200 arrives at Yokohama.

1 December 1943:
Reassigned to 2nd Base Air Unit.

17 December 1943:
At 100 departs Yokosuka to patrol in the area between 30° to 40° north latitudes.

20 December 1943:
At 1200 commences patrolling.

2 January 1944:
At 1200 concludes patrolling.

5 January 1944:
At 0900 arrives at Yokosuka.

24 January 1944:
At 1000 departs Yokosuka.

27 January 1944:
At 1200 commences patrolling.

6 February 1944:
At 1200 concludes patrolling.

9 February 1944:
At 1150 arrives at Yokosuka.

21 February 1944:
Reassigned to Northern Area Fleet 22 Squadron, 1st Patrol Unit.

28 February 1944:
At 1000 departs Yokosuka.

9 March 1944:
At 0600 concludes patrolling.

11 March 1944:
At 1500 arrives at Yokosuka and later departs and arrives at Yokohama that same day.

31 March 1944:
At 1000 departs Yokohama.

2 April 1944:
At 1200 commences patrolling.

12 April 1944:
At 1000 ceases patrolling.

15 April 1944:
At 1600 arrives at Yokohama.

5 May 1944:
At 1300 departs Yokohama.

7 May 1944:
At 1000 commences patrolling.

16 May 1944:
At 0600 ceases patrolling.

20 May 1944:
At 1100 arrives at Yokohama.

10 June 1944:
At 1000 departs Yokohama.

12 June 1944:
At 1000 commences patrolling.

23 June 1944:
At 1000 ceases patrolling.

26 June 1944:
At 1500 arrives at Yokohama.

17 July 1944:
At 1000 departs Yokohama.

18 July 1944:
At 1000 commences patrolling.

29 July 1944:
At 1000 ceases patrolling.

31 July 1944:
At 1500 arrives at Yokohama.

1 August 1944:
Reassigned to the 22nd (Auxiliary Cruiser) Squadron. Remains throughout August at Yokohama.

1 September 1944:
Reassigned to 7th Base Air Unit, 1st Patrol Squadron, 1st Patrol Unit.

25 September 1944:
At 1000 departs Yokohama.

27 September 1944:
At 1200 commences patrolling.

9 October 1944:
At 1200 ceases patrolling.

12 October 1944:
At 1150 arrives at Yokohama.

30 October 1944:
At 1000 departs Yokohama.

1 November 1944:
At 1000 commences patrolling.

13 November 1944:
At 1000 ceases patrolling.

15 November 1944:
At 1400 arrives at Yokohama.

6 December 1944:
At 1000 departs Yokohama.

7 December 1944:
At 1000 commences patrolling.

17 December 1944:
Ceases patrolling.

18 December 1944:
At 1600 arrives at Yokohama.

10 January 1945:
Departs Yokohama.

14 January 1945:
Arrives at Yokohama.

20 February 1945:
Registered in the Yokosuka Naval District and rereated an auxiliary transport. Reserve Cdr Toriumi Kingo is appointed CO.

7 March 1945:
Shifts to a different anchorage in Yokohama harbor.

10-20 March 1945:
Yokohama. Splinter shields for 25-mm AA guns are installed.

16-25 March 1945:
The bridge structure is reinforced.

18 March 1945:
Yokohama. Enters dock at Mitsubishi Heavy Industries shipyard.

19-31 March 1945:
Three Type 93 13-mm machine guns, seven Type 92 7.7-mm machine guns and a 4.5-m rangefinder are installed.

20 March 1945:
The depth charge racks are replaced. A Type 3 Model 3 sonar is installed.

29 March 1945:
Two 96 type 25-mm machine guns are replaced.

30 March 1945:
Loads provisions.

2 April 1945:
Undocked.

4 April 1945:
Undergoes an air attack in Yokohama harbor. Later transfers to No. 3 buoy.

5 April 1945:
Reassigned to the Ominato Patrol District's training and replacement unit.

7 April 1945:
Air action.

8 April 1945:
Departs Yokohama.

9 April 1945:
Off Sanriku coast, NE Honshu. UKISHIMA MARU and minesweeper W-3 are attacked by by LtCdr (later Rear Admiral) Woodrow W. McCrory’s (USNA ’38) USS PARCHE (SS-384). W-3 is sunk at 39-07N, 141-57E, UKISHIMA MARU manages to avoid an incoming torpedo. She drops three depth charges and fires five shots from her main guns. Arrives at Yamada port now escorted by W-24.

14 April 1945:
Departs Yamada port.

15 April 1945:
Arrives at Ominato.

17 April 1945:
Ominato Naval Repair Unit conducts a repair of UKISHIMA MARU’s sonar receiver.

23 April 1945:
Assigned to evacuate a naval unit from Northern Kurile Islands. At 0500 departs Ominato as sole member of KI-301 convoy escorted by kaibokan FUKUE. At an unknown date and time FUKUE is detached.

30 April 1945:
At 1500 arrives at Mori island, Kataoka Bay off Shimushu Island.

1 May 1945:
Departs Mori island and arrives at Suribachi Bay.

2 May 1945:
Departs Suribachi Bay and arrives at Kataoka Bay.

3 May 1945:
Departs Kataoka Bay for Kakumabetsu Bay.

4 May 1945:
At Kataoka.

5 May 1945:
Arrives at Suribachi Bay.

6 May 1945:
Departs Suribachi Bay and arrives at Kataoka. Air action.

9 May 1945:
Departs Suribachi Bay.

10 May 1945:
Kurile Islands. UKISHIMA MARU arrives at Kataoka Bay. USAAF 11th Air Force and the USN's Fleet Air Wing Four execute the heaviest and most successful joint mission to date; 12 B-24 “Liberator” heavy bombers bomb shipping in the Kataoka naval base on Shimushu Island. 15 Attu-based B-25 "Mitchell" medium bombers hit shipping between Kashiwabara on Paramushiro Island and Kataoka; heavy AA fire claims a B-25; a B-24 and a B-25 force land in the USSR.

11 May 1945:
At 1700 Departs Kataoka Bay for Ominato as only ship in convoy No. 101 escorted by kaibokan SHIMUSHU. The convoy sails at 12 knots.

15 May 1945:
At 1700 arrives at Ominato.(ETA)

19 May 1945:
Loads assorted goods and fresh provisions.

25 May 1945:
Departs Ominato with convoy RI consisting only of UKISHIMA MARU escorted by kaibokan CD-215 and CD-219.

27 May 1945:
At 0500 scheduled to depart Otaru.

30 May 1945:
At 1700 arrives at Kataoka bay (ETA).

1 June 1945:
At 1600 UKISHIMA MARU departs Kataoka bay in Ri convoy (return) escorted by kaibokan CD-215 and CD-219. The convoy sails at 12 knots.

3 June 1945:
Sea of Okhotsk. At 2054, UKISHIMA MARU is attacked by a submarine at 46-42N,145-28E, but avoids the torpedo and counter-attacks with depth charges.

5 June 1945:
At 0630 arrives at Otaru, Hokkaido. CD-219 arrives later at 1730.

6 June 1945:
At 1900 the convoy departs Otaru.

7 June 1945:
At 1530 arrives at Ominato.

12 June 1945:
Undergoes repairs by the Ominato Naval Repair Unit.

15 June 1945:
Loads fresh provisions.

27 June 1945:
At 0800 departs Ominato. At 1300 arrives at Hakodate, Hokkaido.

9 August 1945:
Task Force 38 carrier-based aircraft conduct a large air raid on Ominato. UKISHIMA MARU's hull is damaged.

15 August 1945:
Tokyo. Emperor Hirohito (Showa) announces the end of hostilities with the Allied Powers. UKISHIMA MARU receives the message when navigating Tsugaru Straits.

17 August 1945:
Arrives at Ominato.

22 August 1945:
At 2200 departs Ominato via Maizuru for Pusan, Korea, carrying 3,725 Korean forced-laborers, former gunzoku personnel and their families being repatriated.

24 August 1945:
Maizuru Bay, off Jajima Island. At 1720, UKISHIMA MARU hits a magnetic mine, breaks in two and sinks. 524 Koreans and 25 Japanese sailors (of a total of 255) are killed.

3 May 1947:
Removed from the Navy List.

13 March 1950:
Iino Salvage Company commences work to refloat the stern section of UKISHIMA MARU. The remains of 103 passengers are recovered.

November 1953:
During salvage works the remains of another 245 passengers are recovered.

7 January 1954:
The stern section is refloated and later scrapped.


Authors' Notes:
[1] UKISHIMA and UKISIMA MARU are two different spellings of the same name, We have generally used the Hepburn system for ship and personal names, which is intended to prevent confusion.

[2] According to a Japanese photo report there were 112 crew and passengers aboard PRESIDENT QUEZON. The report includes a picture which shows quite a number of survivors on board UKISHIMA MARU; on the other hand, a contemporary English language newspaper article says only two survivors were kept aboard UKISHIMA MARU, so it appears that UKISHIMA MARU later transferred all but two of thesurvivors to the other three ships.

[3] Sources conflict about UKISHIMA MARU's movements on this day. Some say she was torpedoed and damaged by USS WAHOO (SS-238) on this day; but UKISHIMA MARU's subsequent activities do not seem to corroborate this.

Thanks go to Erich Muelthaler of Germany for assistance with Operation C (HEI-GO) and info on the PRESIDENT QUEZON episode in Rev 2. Thanks to Mr. Gilbert Casse of France for general assistance.

- Bob Hackett, Sander Kingsepp and Peter Cundall.


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