YUSOSEN!

(TSURUMI prewar)

IJN TSURUMI:

Tabular Record of Movement

© 2005-2014 Bob Hackett and Peter Cundall.

Revision 8


10 March 1921:
Sakurajima. Laid down at the Osaka Ironworks.

29 September 1921:
Launched and named TSURUMI.

14 March 1922:
Completed and registered in the Maizuru Naval District.
November 1922-November 1923:
Captain Toriyama Sadayoshi (30) (former CO of TAKASAKI) is the CO.

1924:
Completes conversion to a seaplane carrier/tender. TSURUMI can operate as a tanker while in the seaplane role. She carries eight Type 14-1 Yokosuka E1Y1 three-seat reconnaissance floatplanes, two of which are reserves and remain disassembled until needed.

1 December 1926:
Captain (later RAdm) Ban Jiro (33) (former CO of KOSHU) is appointed the CO until 1 December 1927.

1 May 1929:
Captain (later RAdm) Tabata Hiroyoshi (35) (former division officer of KATORI) is appointed the CO.

1 November 1929:
Cdr (RAdm, posthumously) Maki Kikuta (34) (former XO of YURA) is appointed the CO.

30 November 1929:
Cdr Maki is promoted Captain.

1 December 1930:
Cdr (RAdm, posthumously) Suzuki Kozo (36) (former CO of KOMAHASHI) is appointed the CO.

1931:
TSURUMI begins and completes reconversion to an oiler.

1 December 1931:
Captain (Admiral, posthumously) Ito Seiichi (39) (former torpedo officer of SHIOKAZE) is appointed the CO.

8 March 1932:
Captain (later VAdm) Matsuura Eijiro (38) (former XO of IZUMO) is appointed the CO.

15 November 1932:
Cdr (later RAdm) Nakamura Kazuo (37) (former XO of KAKO) is appointed the CO.

1 December 1932:
Cdr Nakamura is promoted Captain.

15 November 1933:
Captain (later VAdm) Wakabayashi Seisaku (39) (former CO of RO-58) is appointed the CO.

22 October 1934:
Cdr (later VAdm) Tada Takeo (40) (former CO of NARA) is appointed the CO.

15 November 1934:
Cdr Tada is promoted Captain.

20 July - 2 September 1935: The Combined Fleet's Great Maneuvers:
TSURUMI is attached to the Fourth Fleet in the “Red Fleet”. Exercises are conducted in the NW Pacific between Japan and the Kuriles. TSURUMI serves with fleet oilers KAMOI and SUNOSAKI.

25 September 1935: The "Fourth Fleet Incident”:
Hokkaido. The fleet departs Hakodate and steams into the NW Pacific where it encounters a major typhoon. Light carriers HOSHO and RYUJO, several cruisers and destroyers are damaged by the storm. Over 50 men are killed.

10 October 1935:
Cdr (later RAdm) Tashiro Sohei (41) (former XO of YAKUMO) is appointed the CO.

15 November 1935:
Cdr Tashiro is promoted Captain.

25 May 1936:
Captain (later VAdm) Kobayashi Kengo (42) (former naval aide to the Emperor) is appointed the CO.

18 August 1936:
Cdr Jojima Takatsugu (40) (former XO of battleship KIRISHIMA) assumes command.

1 December 1936:
Cdr Jojima is promoted Captain.

7 July 1937: The Marco Polo Bridge (Sino-Japanese) Incident:
Lugouqiao, China. Japanese troops on night maneuvers fire blank cartridges. Chinese troops fire back, but do not cause injuries. At morning roll call, the Japanese discover a soldier missing and assume the Chinese captured him. They demand entry to a suburb of Beijing to look for the soldier, but the Chinese refuse. The Japanese then shell the city and an undeclared war on China begins.

10 August 1937:
TSURUMI departs Sasebo with the 22nd Sea Scout Unit embarked. Later, the 22nd establishes a seaplane base in the Ma-an Islands, off China.

16 October 1937:
Captain Jojima is reassigned as CO of carrier HOSHO. Cdr (later VAdm, posthumously) Ota Minoru (41) (former XO of YAMASHIRO) is appointed the CO.

1 December 1937:
Cdr Ota is promoted Captain.

10 August 1938:
Captain (later RAdm) Tanaka Yasuro (42) (former XO of TENRYU) is appointed the CO until 15 December.

20 June 1940:
Captain (RAdm, posthumously) Azukizawa Sei (42) (former XO of KONGO) is appointed the CO.

1 August 1940:
Captain (RAdm, posthumously) Sawa Masao (44) (former CO of NOJIMA) is appointed the CO until 25 September.

22 April 1941:
TSURUMI is assigned directly to the Combined Fleet.

11 August 1941:
Captain Fujita Shunzo (42) assumes command.

26 November 1941:
Departs Hashirajima.

30 November 1941:
Arrives at Hahajima on a water replenishment mission.

21 December 1941:
Arrives at Kure.

30 January 1942:
Departs Kure.

9 February 1942:
Arrives at Camranh Bay, Indochina.

February 1942: Operation "J" - The Invasion of Java, Netherlands East Indies:
TSURUMI is with Vice Admiral Takahashi Ibo's (40) Third Fleet's Netherlands East Indies Force. Supports Vice Admiral Ozawa Jisaburo’s (37) Western Java Seizure Force.

11 February 1942:
Departs Camranh Bay.

17 February 1942:
Arrives at Anambas Islands, Netherlands East Indies.

21 February 1942:
Departs Anambas. Refuels CruDiv 7's MOGAMI, MIKUMA, KUMANO and SUZUYA and other naval units engaged in Netherlands East Indies and Indochina military operations.

28 February 1942: The Battle of the Sunda Strait:
TSURUMI arrives at Bantam Bay, Java.

At about 2215, American Captain (later KIA, MOH posthumously) Albert H. Rooks (USNA ’14) USS HOUSTON (CA-30) and Australian Captain Hector M. L. Waller’s light cruiser HMAS PERTH, attempt to retire to Ceylon (Sri Lanka), but accidentally encounter Ozawa’s Seizure Force transports screened only by DesDiv 5's HARUKAZE, HATAKAZE and DesDiv 11's FUBUKI. The Allies attack. The Japanese destroyers make smoke. FUBUKI charges and launches nine torpedoes.

At 2300, the Third Escort Force's light cruiser NATORI and her destroyers arrive on scene with CruDiv 7’s MOGAMI and MIKUMA and destroyer SHIKINAMI. At 2327, in the Sunda Strait, MOGAMI fires six “Long Lance” torpedoes at HOUSTON, but they all miss and pass into Bantam Bay. At 2335, five explosions erupt. IJA transports SAKURA, HORAI and TATSUNO MARUs, landing ship SHINSHU (a.k.a. RYUJO) MARU and minesweeper W-2 are hit by the torpedoes and sink in shallow water.

1 March 1942:
At 0025, IJN destroyers sink PERTH. Of the 681 men aboard, 353 are killed. All but four of the 328 survivors are captured as POWs. Of those captured, 106 will die in captivity and the surviving 218 will be repatriated after the war. At 0045, after being hit by torpedoes and gunfire, HOUSTON also sinks. Of the original crew of 1,061 men, 368 survived, including 24 of the 74-man USMC detachment.

Bantam Bay, E of Nicholas Point. That same day, Dutch Ltz/II Carel W. T. Baron van Boetzelaer's submarine Hr.Ms. K-XV attacks TSURUMI. Van Boetzelaer fires two torpedoes. At least one hits and damages TSURUMI.

9 March 1942:
Departs Bantam Bay.

12 March 1942:
Arrives at Seletar Naval Base, Singapore. Undergoes battle damage repairs.

7 May 1942:
At 0800 departs Singapore.

19 May 1942:
Arrives at Kure.

28 May 1942: Operation “MI” – The Battle of Midway:
TSURUMI departs Kure in Vice Admiral (later Admiral) Kondo Nobutake's (35) (former CO of KONGO) Second Fleet, Midway Invasion Force with Captain Murao Jiro's Supply Group’s oilers TSURUMI and SATA (F) and GENYO and KENYO MARUs and repair ship AKASHI.

17 June 1942:
Arrives at Hashirajima. Operates as an oiler in the Komatsushima area.

18 September 1942:
Departs Kure.

3 October 1942:
Arrives at Truk.

4 October 1942:
Departs Truk.

10 October 1942:
Arrives at Shortland, Bougainville.

23 October 1942:
Arrives at Rabaul. Over the next few weeks, acts as a fleet replenishment tanker and refuels various naval vessels, mostly destroyers.

7 November 1942:
Rabaul. Reserve Captain Ito Giichi (42) is appointed the CO.

9 November 1942:
At Rabaul.

26 December 1942:
St. Georges Channel, Bismarcks. Destroyer TANIKAZE is towing unnavigable destroyer UZUKI that collided the previous day with transport NANKAI MARU. The transport herself had been torpedoed and damaged that day by LtCdr (later Rear Admiral) William E. Ferrall's (USNA ’27) USS SEADRAGON (SS-194).

At 1200, TSURUMI, destroyer URAKAZE and minesweeper W-21 arrive from Rabaul as escorts. TSURUMI undertakes towing UZUKI. Arrives back at Rabaul later that day.

4 January 1943:
At 0800, TSURUMI departs Rabaul escorting a convoy consisting of small tanker KYOEI MARU and small cargo ships HOKKAI and GIYU MARUs also escorted by subchaser CH-16.

6 January 1943:
At 1030, the convoy is attacked by two aircraft that are driven off without damage. At 1300, arrives at the Shortland Islands.

9 January 1943:
Tows Seaplane Tender SANYO MARU from Shortland to Truk.

17 January 1943:
Arrives at Truk.

27 January 1943:
Departs Truk escorted by auxiliary gunboat HEIJO MARU.

28 January 1943:
At 2400, HEIJO MARU is detached to escort oiler KENYO MARU into Truk.

30 January 1943:
Allied codebreakers pick up a signal indicating TSURUMI is near Truk escorted by auxiliary gunboat HEIJO MARU.

2 February 1943:
At 0130, auxiliary submarine chaser CHa-30 joins the escort. At 1500, USAAF B-17’s launch an air attack and hit damaged aircraft transport KEIYO MARU near Shortland. At 1630, TSURUMI arrives at the Shortland Islands.

10 February 1943:
Departs Shortland.

15 February 1943:
Arrives at Truk.

26 February 1943:
Departs Truk in a convoy with small tanker HISHI MARU No. 2 escorted by subchaser CH-10.

13 March 1943:
Arrives at Palembang, Sumatra.

14 March 1943:
Arrives at Balikpapan, Borneo.

16 March 1943:
TSURUMI departs Balikpapan in a convoy with small tanker BEIJU MARU and probably KYOEI MARU No. 3.

17 March 1943:
Arrives at Singapore.

23 March 1943:
Departs Singapore.

3 April 1943:
Anchors temporarily off Hosojima.

4 April 1943:
Anchors temporarily off Tokuyama.

6 April 1943:
Arrives at Tokuyama.

8 April 1943:
Arrives at Kure. Undergoes repairs.

8 May 1943:
Departs Kure.

11 May 1943:
TSURUMI departs Moji in convoy No. 156 consisting of KOHO MARU and six unidentified merchant ships escorted by auxiliary gunboat PEKING MARU.

15 May 1943:
KOHO MARU is detached for Kirun. Auxiliary gunboat HUASHAN (KAZAN) MARU joins the convoy.

16 May 1943:
Arrives at Mako, Pescadores.

17 May 1943:
TSURUMI departs Mako in convoy No. 392 consisting of SAN LUIS, NITTATSU MARUs and six unidentified merchant ships escorted by auxiliary gunboat HUASHAN (KAZAN) MARU. At some point midway into the convoy NITTATSU MARU is detached from the convoy for Miri.

22 May 1943:
TSURUMI and SAN LUIS MARU are detached from convoy. SAN LUIS MARU heads for Palembang, Sumatra.

27 May 1943:
Arrives at Surabaya.

4 June 1943:
At 0900, departs Surabaya escorted by subchaser CH-2 .

8 June 1943:
At 0800, arrives at Balikpapan.

22 June 1943:
Departs Balikpapan in convoy No. 2602 consisting of TSURUMI escorted by subchaser CH-4.

28 June 1943:
Arrives at Palau.

1 July 1943:
Departs Palau. At about 0900, LtCdr (later Rear Admiral) Charles H. Andrews (USNA ’30) USS GURNARD (SS-254) attacks convoy FU-105 consisting of ARIMASAN, SHINYUBARI, HIGASHI MARUs and an unidentified ship escorted by torpedo boat HATO at 07-37N, 134-26 E. In several attacks, Andrews fires 11 torpedoes, but they all miss or premature.

TSURUMI and hospital ship MURO MARU report seeing torpedo tracks. Later, Japan protests the attack on MURO MARU. [1]

10 July 1943:
Arrives at Kure.

18 July 1943:
Departs Kure.

19 July 1943:
At 0600, departs Moji in N convoy consisting of TSURUMI, TAINAN, HAVRE (5652 GRT), HOKUYO MARUs and five unidentified merchant ships escorted by destroyer ASANAGI.

24 July 1943:
Arrives at Takao.

26 July 1943:
Departs Takao in convoy No.762 consisting of TSURUMI, NANMAN, TAIKOKU, RONSAN and SHOYU MARUs and four unidentified merchant ships escorted by torpedo boat SAGI and auxiliary patrol boats KAIYO MARU No. 1 and KAIYO MARU No. 2.

30 July 1943:
Arrives at Manila.

5 August 1943:
Departs Manila in an unnamed convoy escorted by auxiliary gunboat KISO MARU and auxiliary patrol boat KAIYO MARU No. 2.

9 August 1943:
Arrives at Tarakan.

11 August 1943:
Departs Tarakan escorted by subchaser CH-5.

13 August 1943:
Arrives at Balikpapan.

20 August 1943:
At 0900, TSURUMI departs Balikpapan in convoy No. 2606 consisting of AMAGISAN, NICHIAI and YAMAYURI MARUs escorted by subchasers CH-4 and CH-5.

23 August 1943:
YAMAYURI MARU and CH-5 are detached for Menado and then NICHIAI MARU is detached.

26 August 1943:
Off Palau. LtCdr (later Cdr) John A. Scott's (USNA ’28) TUNNY (SS-282) unsuccessfully attacks a convoy consisting of TSURUMI and transport AMAGISAN MARU escorted by subchaser CH-4 at 07-30N, 134-20E. CH-4 damages TUNNY and forces Scott to terminate his patrol.

28 August 1943:
Departs Palau in convoy No. 8282 consisting of TSURUMI and one unidentified ship with an unknown escort.

2 September 1943:
Arrives at Truk.

9 September 1943:
At 0630, departs Truk in a convoy consisting of oilers TSURUMI and KYOEI MARU No. 2, and cargo ship TAIKOKU MARU escorted by subchaser CH-29 and auxiliary patrol boat SHOWA MARU. Steams to Palau, then Balikpapan via Tarakan.

14 September 1943:
Arrives at Palau.

17 September 1943:
Departs Palau in convoy No. 2610 consisting of TSURUMI, TOA MARU and KYOEI MARU No.2 escorted by destroyer ASAKAZE and subchaser CH-13.

20 September 1943:
Arrives at Davao and departs later that day.

23 September 1943:
Arrives at Tarakan.

24 September 1943:
Departs Tarakan.

26 September 1943:
Arrives at Balikpapan.

5 October 1943:
Departs Balikpapan in convoy No. 2608 consisting of TSURUMI, ONDO and five unidentified merchant ships escorted by destroyer SANAE and subchaser CH-5. Soon after leaving, TSURUMI develops machinery problems and is forced to turn back and anchor in the bay nearby.

10 October 1943:
Arrives at Palau.

18 October 1943:
Departs Balikpapan in convoy No. 2609 consisting of TSURUMI and KENZAN, DAI (ex-dutch DUYMAER VAN TWIST), SENKO MARUs and OGURA MARU No. 2 (unconfirmed) and three other unidentified ships.

20 October 1943:
DAI MARU breaks down and is assisted by auxiliary subchaser CHa-41.

21 October 1943:
At 1000, DAI and KENZAN MARUs and CHa-41 are detached for Menado.

25 October 1943:
Arrives at Palau.

17 November 1943:
At 0950, departs Palau in convoy 8175 consisting of oilers TSURUMI, SATA, SEIAN MARU, KYOEI MARUs and cargo ship SHOYU MARU escorted by destroyer AMATSUKAZE, subchaser CH-33 and auxiliary subchaser CHa-27.

20 November 1943:
At 2000, auxiliary subchaser CHa-27 detaches and returns to Palau.

24 November 1943:
Arrives 0840 at Truk with a cargo of 8,000 tons of fuel oil.

29 December 1943:
Departs Truk.

2 January 1944:
Arrives at Saipan.

6 January 1944:
At 1315, departs Saipan for Palau, Balikpapan and Surabaya on a fuel transport mission in convoy NE-602 consisting of TSURUMI escorted by destroyer SHIMAKAZE and cable layer TATEISHI.

11 January 1944:
Arrives at Palau.

26 January 1944:
Departs Palau in the same convoy, but now also with NAGISAN MARU and escorted by patrol boat PB-2 and auxiliary subchaser CHa-26.

E 30 January 1944:
The escorts are detached at 130 degrees East longitude.

1 February 1944:
At 1600, arrives at Balikpapan.

5 February 1944:
At 1030, departs Balikpapan in a convoy consisting of TSURUMI, tankers YAMAMIZU and KYOEI MARUs and cargo ship NAGISAN MARU escorted by auxiliary subchasers CHa-36, CHa-37 and CHa-41.

6 February 1944:
At 0930, YAMAMIZU MARU is detached for Singapore.

9 February 1944:
Arrives at Surabaya.

12 February 1944:
At 1200, TSURUMI departs Surabaya escorted by minesweeper W-11.

14 February 1944 :
At 0800, W-11 detaches and TSURUMI proceeds unescorted.

15 February 1944:
Arrives at a battleship anchorage near Aru Bank. Departs and later that day arrives at Balikpapan.

22 February 1944:
Arrives at Singapore.

24 February 1944:
Departs Singapore.

26 February 1944:
Arrives at Surabaya.

1 March 1944:
At 1200, departs Surabaya.

2 March 1944:
A message is received that indicates Balikpapan has been mined. The convoy heads for Pagatan and awaits notification to proceed.

3 March 1944:
At 0400, departs Pagatan. At 0930, KITA MARU is detached. Later that day, anchors in the Kotabaru area.

4 March 1944:
At 1500 departs the Kotabaru area. At 2000, arrives at Pamukan Bay and temporarily anchors.

5 March 1944:
At 0500, departs Pamukan Bay. At 1730, arrives at Balikpapan.

15 March 1944:
At 0730, TSURUMI departs Balikpapan for Palau in an unnumbered convoy consisting of three echelons of seven ships escorted by destroyers HARUSAME and SHIRATSUYU, minesweeper W-36, subchaser CH-6 and auxiliary subchaser CHa-52. The first echelon consists of fleet oiler IRO, tanker HISHI MARU No. 2 and cargo ship NAGISAN MARU. The second echelon consists of TSURUMI, tanker KYOEI MARU and cargo ship RAIZAN MARU and the third echelon consists only of cargo ship HOKUTAI MARU.

16 March 1944:
At 1530, destroyer MICHISHIO joins the convoy and the other escorts depart.

20 March 1944:
At 0910, auxiliary subchasers CHa-51 and CHa-53 join the escort.

22 March 1944:
Arrives at Palau.

26 March 1944:
At 0700, TSURUMI departs Palau escorted by destroyer AKIKAZE, subchaser CH-16 and auxiliary subchaser SHONAN MARU No. 15.

31 March 1944:
At 1100, arrives at Saipan.

3 April 1944:
Departs Saipan departs Saipan in a convoy consisting of fleet oilers TSURUMI and TAKASAKI escorted by Patrol Boat No. 31.

6 April 1944:
an enemy submarine attacks but is driven off by depth charges.

14 April 1944:
At 0620, arrives at Tarakan.

17 April 1944:
At 0630, departs Tarakan.

19 April 1944:
Arrives at Balikpapan.

1 May 1944:
At 0820, departs Balikpapan in the "TSURUMI convoy" consisting of TSURUMI and NASUSAN MARU escorted by patrol boat PB-2 and auxiliary subchaser CHa-41. At Tawi Tawi, TSURUMI refuels the First Mobile Fleet.

3 May 1944:
At 1904, arrives at Tarakan.

4 May 1944:
At 1036, the same convoy departs Tarakan.

5 May 1944:
At 1207, arrives at Balikpapan. [2]

8 May 1944:
Departs Balikpapan.

10 May 1944:
Arrives at Tarakan and departs later that day.

11 May 1944:
Arrives at Tawitawi.

13 May 1944:
Capt Yamamoto Rokuro (40) (former CO of Gunboat Division 3) is appointed the CO.

20 May 1944:
Departs Tawi Tawi in a convoy consisting of tankers YUHO, EIHO MARUs and an unidentified ship escorted by destroyers AKIZUKI and URANAMI.

21 May 1944:
Arrives at Tarakan.

24 May 1944:
Departs Tarakan.

25 May 1944:
Arrives at Tawitawi.

31 May 1944:
Departs Tawi Tawi with destroyer AKIZUKI.

3 June 1944:
Arrives at Balikpapan.

7 June 1944:
Departs Balikpapan with auxiliary subchaser CHa-37.

10 June 1944:
Arrives at Tawitawi.

10 July 1944:
Departs Balikpapan.

22 July 1944:
Arrives at Davao.

5 August 1944:
At 0148, departs Davao for Balikpapan in the "TSURUMI convoy" now consisting of TSURUMI and cargo ships BINGO and OSEI MARUs escorted by minesweeper W-30, auxiliary subchaser CHa-11 and KYO MARU No. 12.

S of Mindanao. At 1113, TSURUMI is attacked by LtCdr (later Captain) Edward F. Dissette’s (USNA ’34) USS CERO (SS-225) at 05-53N, 125-41E. In an underwater attack, Dissette fires six torpedoes and claims four hits. At 1130, TSURUMI capsizes and sinks in Davao Gulf.

10 October 1944:
Removed from the Navy List.


Authors' Note:
[1] It is unclear whether TSURUMI was the unidentified ship in convoy FU-105. Almost certainly MURO MARU was not in the convoy as hospital ships travelled alone and unescorted.

[2] It is unclear why TSURUMI steamed to Tarakan. Probably she was carrying refined fuel oil for the fast oilers to convey to Tawi Tawi.

Thanks go to Mr. Yutaka Iwasaki of Japan, Mr Matt Jones of USA and Mr. Gilbert Casse of France.

- Bob Hackett and Peter Cundall.


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