Dai 1 Go-gata Yusokan

IJN No. 1 Class Fast Transport

(No. 1 Class Fast Transport T.5 by T. Yuki)

IJN Transport T.13:
Tabular Record of Movement

© 2014 Bob Hackett

5 July 1944:
Yokohama. Laid down at Mitsubishi Shipyard as Ship No. 2913, a 1,500-ton No. 1 class landing ship.

30 September 1944:
Launched and numbered T.13

1 November 1944:
Completed. Attached to the Yokosuka Guard Force. LtCdr Takashi Sinchon is the Commanding Officer.

11-12 November 1944:
Yokosuka. T.13's crew undergoes various training.

13 November 1944:
Type 2 depth charge projector fitted.

18 November 1944:

19 November 1944:
Loads a Type 30 (motor torpedo boat) MTB, Embarks 141 people.

21 November 1944:
Departs Yokosuka

22 November 1944:
Arrives at Futami Bay, Chichi-jima, Ogasawara (Bonin) Islands At 0825, starts cargo unloading and continues until 1315. Unloads Type 30 MTB, then departs Futami. and later arrives at Haha-jima. At 2135, starts unloading cargo and continues until 0645 the next morning, then departs.

23 November 1944:
Arrives at Chichi-jima. at 1320, engages in surface-to-air combat. T.14's high-angle guns fire12 rounds, her twenty-five millimeter AA machine guns fire 579 rounds and her 13.2 mm machine guns firie 84 rounds. Departs Chichi and arrives at Haha-jima. At 1740, starts unloading cargo and continues until 0300 the next morning, then departs.

26 November 1944:
Arrives at Tateyama Bay and departs and arrives at Yokosuka.

2 December 1944:
Departs Yokosuka for Futami Bay, Chichi-jima, and Iwo Jima via Usami.

5 December 1944:
Arrives at Futami Bay. Unloads motor torpedo boat MTB No. 214, then departs.

6 December 1944:
Arrives at for Iwo Jima. Completes landing troops and patient evacuation then departs for Usami.

9 December 1944:
Arrives at Usami.

10 December 1944:
Departs Usami for Yokosuka.

14 December 1944:
Departs Yokosuka for Futami Bay, Chichi-jima.

16 December 1944:
Arrives at Futami Bay.

17 December 1944:
Arrives at Iwo Jima. Engages in surface-to-air combat, probably against B-24 "Liberator" heavy bombers from Saipan and Guam.

18 December 1944:
Completes landing cargo and departs.

20 December 1944:
Arrives at Yokosuka.

11 February 1945:
T.13 is damaged by aircraft, Bonins.

10 March 1945:
LtCdr Kono Osamu is appointed Commanding Officer.

10 May 1945:
LtCdr Kubo Takeshi is appointed Commanding Officer.

23 May - 6 June 1945:
T.13 undergoes repairs in Sasebo.

17 July 1945:
Sasebo Navy Yard. Enters No. 7 dry-dock.

28 July 1945:
At 0805, undocked. At 0830, moors at No. 4 buoy, but at 1040 engages in surface to air combat, probably against aircraft from Admiral William F. Halsey, Jr.'s Task Force 38, Third Fleet. T.13’s main guns fire 16 rounds, her twenty-five mm AA machine gun fires 475 rounds and her 13.2 mm machine gun fires 30 shells.

31 July 1945:
At 1030, engages in surface to air combat. T.13’s main guns fire 8 rounds, her twenty-five mm AA machine gun fires 148 rounds and her 13.2 mm machine gun fires 31 shells.

September 1945:
T.13 survives the war and is surrendered to the Allied Occupation Forces.

1 December 1945:
Removed from the Navy List. Assigned to the Allied Repatriation Service. [1]

21 January 1946:
Demobilization officer Nagamatsu Kumaichi is appointed Captain.

September 1946:
Demobilization officer Takubo Tatsuoi is appointed Captain.

2 October 1946:
Demobilization officer Honda Yukito i is appointed Captain as an additional post..

Refitted as a whaling mothership and operated jointly by Kyokuyo and Nippon Suisan Kaisha, Ltd. off the Ogasawara Islands (Bonin) Islands. Transports whale meat to Tokyo.

5 August 1947:
Demobilization officer Ichiro Hashimoto is appointed Captain.

8 August 1947:
Nakhodka, Siberia. Transferred as a war reparation to the Soviet Navy’s Pacific Fleet. Renamed TYUMEN’-ULA. Recommissioned as a netlayer.

July 1948:
In Soviet service as a rescue ship.

Author's Notes:

[1] Allied occupation forces were responsible for the return of six million Japanese military personnel and civilians from Japan's defunct far-flung Empire. In addition, there were over a million Korean and about 40,000 Chinese prisoners and conscript laborers and approximately 7,000 Formosans and 15,000 Ryukyu Islanders to be repatriated.

Some Allied and many former IJN warships, from aircraft carriers to kaibokan, were used to facilitate the enormous repatriation effort. Japanese vessels and crews were used to the fullest extent possible to conserve Allied manpower and accelerate demobilization. Each ex-IJN ship first had to be demilitarized; guns removed or, in the case of large warships, barrels severed, ammunition landed, and radar and catapults removed, if fitted. Repatriation of the Chinese on Japanese ships began early in October from Hakata, but U.S. guard detachments had to be placed on many ships to prevent disorder because the Japanese crews could not control the returnees.

Japanese-run repatriation centers were established at Kagoshima, Hario near Sasebo, and Hakata near Fukuoka. Other reception centers were established and operated at Maizuru, Shimonoseki, Sasebo, Senzaki, Kure, Uraga, Yokohama, Moji and Hakodate. Allied line and medical personnel supervised the centers. Incoming Japanese were sprayed with DDT, examined and inoculated for typhus and smallpox, provided with food, and transported to their final destination in Japan.

-Bob Hackett

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