YUSOSEN!

(SHUNTEN MARU, prewar)

SHUNTEN MARU:
Tabular Record of Movement


© 2011-2014 Bob Hackett and Gilbert Casse


18 January 1928:
Tama. Laid down at Mitsui Bussan, K.K. as a 5,623-ton passenger-cargo ship for Yamamoto Shoji, K. K., Osaka.

20 June 1928:
Launched and named SHUNTEN MARU. [1]

6 August 1928:
Completed.

1928-1934:
In Yamamoto Shoji’s service on their routes from Japan to the W coast of the U.S. and Canada. Mainly carries general cargo from Japan and lumber on the return voyages.

21 September 1934:
Osaka. SHUNTEN MARU suffers damage from “Typhoon Muroto”. The storm kills over 2,700 people.

1940:
SHUNTEN MARU is sold to Yamato Maritime Co., Kobe.

June 1940:
Yamato Maritime Co., merges with Daido Kaiun, K. K., Kobe.

15 October 1941:
Registered in the Kure Naval District as an auxiliary transport (charter).

13 December 1941:
Arrives at Osaka and departs that day. Requisitioned by the IJN.

14 December 1941:
Arrives at Kure.

20 December 1941:
Departs Kure. Thereafter, makes calls at Osaka, Yokosuka, Komatsushima, Tokuyama, Sasebo, Nagasaki, Yawata, Moji, Miike, Takao, Tokyo, Kushiro, Muroran and Nagoya.

17 April 1942:
Arrives at Kure.

10 April 1942:
Removed from the Navy List.

19 April 1942:
Departs Kure.

29 April 1942:
Arrives at Makassar.

7 May 1942:
Departs Makassar.

17 May 1942:
Arrives at Kanhua and departs that day.

27 May 1942:
Arrives at Nagoya.

12 December 1942:
Kobe. Begins conversion to an emergency oiler at Kawasaki Jyuko, K. K. That same day, SHUNTEN MARU is requisitioned by the IJN and registered in the Kure Naval District as an auxiliary oil supply transport (charter).

9 January 1943:
Completes conversion. Departs Kobe.

10 January 1943:
Arrives at Kure.

12 January 1943:
Departs Kure.

13 January 1943:
Arrives at Moji and departs.

17 January 1943:
Arrives at Takao.

18 January 1943:
Departs Takao

25 January 1943:
Arrives at Miri.

29 January 1943:
Departs Miri.

1 February 1943:
Arrives at St Jacques.

3 February 1943:
SHUNTEN MARU departs St Jacques in convoy No. 470 consisting of tankers MANJU MARU, OGURA MARU No.2 and four unidentified merchant ships escorted by auxiliary gunboat PEKING MARU.

10 February 1943:
Arrives at Takao.

11 February 1943:
SHUNTEN MARU departs Takao in convoy No. 230 consisting of tankers MANJU MARU, OGURA MARU No.2 and seven unidentified merchants without escort.

17 February 1943:
Arrives at Kobe.

18 February 1943:
Departs Kobe.

20 February 1943:
Arrives at Yokohama.

February 1943:
Undergoes repairs and unknown construction, possibly an armament upgrade.

16 March 1943:
Departs Yokohama.

19 March 1943:
Arrives at Moji.

21 March 1943:
SHUNTEN MARU departs Moji in convoy No. 139 consisting of tanker SHUNTEN MARU, cargo ship KOSEI MARU and three unidentified merchants escorted by patrol boat PB-39.

26 March 1943:
Arrives at Mako and departs.

1 April 1943:
Arrives at Miri.

6 April 1943:
Arrives at St Jacques.

8 April 1943:
Departs St Jacques.

15 April 1943:
Arrives at Takao.

18 April 1943:
SHUNTEN MARU departs Takao in convoy No. 253 also consisting of tanker HOKUAN MARU and five unidentified merchants escorted by destroyer KARUKAYA.

24 April 1943:
Arrives at Kobe.

25 April 1943:
Departs Kobe.

27 April 1943:
Probably runs aground off Kyoto Beach. Refloated, then arrives at the Keihin industrial region of Tokyo, Kawasaki and Yokohama.

April 1943:
Yokohama. Enters dock at Mitsubishi Zosensho, K. K. (Heavy Industries, Ltd.) shipyard. Undergoes repairs.

26 May 1943:
Repairs are completed. Departs Keihin. Later that day, arrives at Yokosuka.

27 May 1943:
Departs Yokosuka.

31 May 1943:
Arrives at Sasebo.

4 June 1943:
Departs Sasebo. Later that day, arrives at Imari

6 June 1943:
Departs Imari.

10 June 1943:
Arrives at Takao.

14 June 1943:
Departs Takao.

17 June 1943:
Arrives at Manila.

19 June 1943:
Departs Manila.

23 June 1943:
Arrives at Miri.

25 June 1943:
Departs Miri.

28 June 1943:
Arrives at Manila.

3 July 1943:
SHUNTEN MARU departs Manila in convoy No. 856 also consisting of seven unidentified ships escorted by destroyer FUYO. Soon after departure, the convoy splits into two sections.

9 July 1943:
The second section, including SHUNTEN MARU, arrives at Takao.

14 July 1943:
Departs Takao.

19 July 1943:
Arrives at Osaka.

21 July 1943:
Departs Osaka Later that day, arrives at Shimotsu.

26 July 1943:
Departs Shimotsu. Later that day, arrives at Kobe.

July 1943:
Kobe. Undergoes repairs to her oil system pumps at the Kawasaki Jyuko, K. K. shipyard.

3 August 1943:
Repairs are completed. Departs Kobe.

4 August 1943:
Arrives at Mutsure.

6 August 1943:
Departs Mutsure.

8 August 1943:
Arrives at Nagasaki.

11 August 1943:
Departs Nagasaki.

15 August 1943:
Arrives at Mako.

18 August 1943:
Departs Mako.

23 August 1943:
Arrives at Manila

26 August 1943:
Departs Manila

30 August 1943:
Arrives at Miri

1 September 1943:
Requisitioned by the Civilian Shipping Administration (Sempaku-Uneikai) and allotted to the IJN as a haitosen controlled by the Kure Naval District. [2]

3 January 1944:
SHUNTEN MARU departs St Jacques in convoy No. 454 also consisting of TEIFU (ex-Vichy French BOUGAINVILLE) and SUZAN (SUNGSHAN) MARUs and three unidentified merchant ships escorted by auxiliary gunboat KAZAN (HUASHAN) MARU.

8 January 1944:
Two unidentified ships are detached from the convoy for Hong Kong.

11 January 1944:
SHUNTEN and TEIFU MARUs both run aground at an unknown China Coast location. Both are later refloated.

20 January 1944:
SHUNTEN MARU is refloated.

24 January 1944:
Departs the unknown Chinese location.

28 January 1944:
Arrives at Takao.

23 February 1944:
At 0600, CHIHAYA MARU departs Takao in convoy TAMO-05 consisting of CEYLON, NIPPO, SAN LUIS, FRANCE, PACIFIC, SHUNTEN, MUTSUYO (BOKUYO) and ASO MARUs escorted by patrol boat PB-38, auxiliary gunboat CHOHAKUSAN MARU, auxiliary subchaser TAMA MARU No. 7 and an unidentified warship.

27 February 1944:
At 2058, LtCdr John A. Moore's (USNA '32) USS GRAYBACK (SS-208) torpedoes and sinks CEYLON MARU at 31-35N, 127-47E. 46 crewmen and 95 troops are KIA.

29 February 1944:
Arrives at Mutsure and departs. Later that day, arrives at Imari.

2 March 1944:
Arrives at Osaka.

7 March 1944:
Departs Osaka. P>

16 March 1944:
Tamano. Enters dock at the Mitsui Engineering & Shipbuilding shipyard. Undergoes repairs.

20 April 1944:
Repairs are completed. Undocked.

27 April 1944:
Arrives at Mutsure.

1 May 1944:
SHUNTEN MARU departs Moji in convoy MI-03 also consisting of tankers CHIYODA, KOTOKU, and ZUIYO MARUs and OGURA MARU No. 2, EIYO MARU No. 2 and UNKAI MARU No. 5 and cargo/transports SHOHEI, NIKKO, ETAJIMA, DAIJUN, DAITEN, KANKYO, KENWA, RYUKA (YANAGAWA), SHINNO, TOUN and TAISEI MARUs and SHINSEI MARU No. 1 escorted by destroyer KARUKAYA, torpedo boat HATO, auxiliary gunboat PEKING MARU and other unidentified warships

E 7 May 1944:
Arrives at Takao and later departs port for Manila.

10 May 1944:
150 miles NW of Manila, Luzon. Cdr (later Rear Admiral) James C. Dempsey's (USNA '31) USS COD (SS-224) attacks convoy MI-03. At 0647, Dempsey torpedoes and sinks destroyer KARUKAYA at 15-47N, 119-32E. Dempsey then torpedoes and sinks transport SHOHEI MARU at 15-38N, 119-32E. Eight crewmen and 12 passengers are KIA.

11 May 1944:
Arrives at Manila.

14 May 1944:
Departs Manila.

19 May 1944:
Arrives at Miri.

24 May 1944:
SHUNTEN MARU departs Miri for Moji in convoy MI-04 also consisting of PACIFIC and CHOHAKUSAN MARUs and tankers CHIYODA and TAKETOYO MARUs escorted by destroyer SHIOKAZE, torpedo boat HATO and auxiliary gunboat PEKING MARU.

29 May 1944:
Arrives at Manila.

31 May 1944:
Departs Manila.

3 June 1944:
Arrives at Takao and departs later that day.

4 June 1944:
SHUNTEN MARU departs Keelung and joins convoy MI-04 also consisting of tankers CHIYODA, TAKETOYO and SUIYO MARUs and cargo ships TEIKA (ex-French CAP VARELLA), PACIFIC and CHOHAKUSAN MARU escorted by destroyer SHIOKAZE and torpedo boat HATO.

8 June 1944:
Arrives at Moji.

9 June 1944:
Departs Moji and arrives at Shimotsu.

15 June 1944:
Departs Shimotsu.

17 June 1944:
Arrives at Moji.

23 June 1944:
SHUNTEN MARU departs Moji for Miri Borneo in convoy MI-09/MOMA-09 also consisting of SAIHO, SAINEI, CHILE, SHIMOTSU, CHIYODA, SHIROUMA (HAKUBA), NORFOLK, KINRYO, KENSEI, UGA and KYOKUZAN MARUs and 14 other merchants escorted by kaibokan CD-9, torpedo boats HATO and TOMOZURU, minelayer NUWAJIMA and auxiliary gunboats PEKING and KAZAN (HUASHAN) MARUs.

E 28 June 1944:
NUWAJIMA is detached for Keelung, Formosa.

29 June 1944:
At 1300, arrives at Takao, Formosa.

30 June 1944:
At 1800, departs Takao.

3 July 1944:
At 2000, arrives at Manila. SAIHO, SAINEI and CHILE MARUs, the 14 unidentified ships, kaibokan CD-9 and torpedo boats HATO and TOMOZURU are detached and remain at Manila. SHIROUMA (HAKUBA) is also detached for Leyte Island.

7 July 1944:
At 0600, SHUNTEN MARU departs Manila for Miri with SHIMOTSU, CHIYODA, SHUNTEN, NORFOLK, KINRYO, KENSEI, UGA and KYOKUZAN MARUs escorted by auxiliary gunboats PEKING and KAZAN MARUs.

14 July 1944:
At 1900, arrives at Miri.

E 18 July 1944:
SHUNTEN MARU departs Miri for Moji in convoy MI-10 also consisting of tankers HAKUBASAN, TAKETSU (BUTSU), CHIYODA and SHIMOTSU MARUs and DAIZEN, HIDA, HINAGA and FUYUKAWA MARUs plus 19 unidentified ships escorted by destroyer ASAKAZE, minelayer MAEJIMA, kaibokan YASHIRO and CD-3 and auxiliary gunboats PEKING and KAZAN (HUASHAN) MARUs.

E 23 July 1944:
Arrives at Manila. Convoy MI-10 is joined by tankers OEI MARU and KYOEI MARU No. 6 and KAKOGAWA, TSUKUBASAN, ROKKO, RASHIN, KUROGANE, FRANCE, MYOGI MARUs and UNYO MARU No.7.

27 July 1944:
At 1100, reconstituted convoy MI-10 departs Manila.

28 July 1944:
At 1040, LtCdr Francis D. Walker's (USNA '35) USS CREVALLE (SS-291) torpedoes and sinks HAKUBASAN MARU at 1305 at 16-28N, 119-38E. She was carrying 7,351 tons of oil and 710 tons of rubber. Three crewmen are KIA

2 August 1944:
Arrives at Takao. ASAKAZE and YASHIRO are detached.

4 August 1944:
Departs Takao.

10 August 1944:
Arrives at Moji.

11 August 1944:
Departs Moji and arrives at Shimotsu.

16 August 1944:
Departs Shimotsu and later that day arrives at Osaka.

19 August 1944:
Arrives at Tamano. Enters dock at the Mitsui Engineering & Shipbuilding shipyard.

31 August 1944:
Repairs are completed. Undocked.

13 September 1944:
Arrives at Sasebo.

23 September 1944:
At 1600, SHUNTEN MARU departs Sasebo and joins convoy MI-21 from Moji also consisting of tankers SAN LUIS MARU and EIKYO MARUs and transports TEIKA (ex-Vichy French CAP VARELLA), TSUYAMA, EJIRI, FUSHIMI, KEISHIN, KEIZAN, CHOSAN, TATSUBATO, KIZAN and YOSHU MARUs and an unidentified ship escorted by kaibokan DAITO, patrol boat PB-104 auxiliary gunboat KAZAN (HUASHAN) MARU, subchaser CH-21, auxiliary subchasers CHa-87 and CHa-92.

29 September 1944:
At 1700, arrives at Takao and the convoy is dissolved.

30 September 1944:
Departs Takao.

7 October 1944:
Arrives at Manila.

8 October 1944:
At 0700, SHUNTEN MARU departs departs Manila for Miri, Borneo im reorganized convoy MI-19 also consisting of NITTETSU, SAN LUIS, DAIZEN, HIDA, SAN DIEGO, EIKYO, TOKUWA, ATSUBATO, DAISHU and YOSHU MARUs escorted by kaikoban CD-18 and CD-26, patrol PB-105, subchaser CH-21 and auxiliary subchaser CHa-56.

9 October 1944:
About 1700, LtCdr Henry D. Sturr’s BECUNA (SS-319) torpedoes and damages SAN LUIS MARU, but she is able to continue. LtCdr Francis W. Scanland’s HAWKBILL (SS-366) also torpedoes SAN LUIS MARU about the same time. At 1804, Sturr’s BECUNA torpedoes TOKUWA MARU. At 1815, she is hit a second time by Scandland’s HAWKBILL and sinks at 1816 at 12-43N 118-05E. Ten crewmen are KIA.

10 October 1944:
SHUNTEN MARU and two of the escorts are detached with damaged SAN LUIS MARU and head for Sandakan, Borneo. Later that day, arrives Pagudanan Bay, Borneo.

11 October 1944:
Departs Pagudanan Bay.

12 October 1944:
Arrives at Darawan Bay, Borneo.

13 October 1944:
Departs Darawan Bay.

14 October 1944:
Arrives at Kimanisu, Borneo and departs. Later that day, arrives at Brunei, NW Borneo.

15 October 1944:
Departs Brunei. Later that day, arrives at Labuan Island, NW Borneo.

16 October 1944:
Departs Labuan Island. Later that day, arrives at Victoria Island, N Borneo.

17 October 1944:
Departs Victoria Island. Later that day, arrives at Miri, NW Borneo.

19 October 1944:
Arrives at Banggi Island and departs. Later that day, arrives at Kudat, NE Borneo.

1 November 1944:
At 1200, SHUNTEN MARU departs Miri for Moji in convoy MI-20 also consisting of tankers DAIMEI, DAISHU and SAN DIEGO MARUs escorted by destroyer SHIOKAZE, torpedo boat HIYODORI and subchaser CH-21.

3 November 1944:
At 0100, LtCdr Norman D. Gage's (USNA '35) USS GURNARD (SS-254) torpedoes and sinks DAIMEI MARU at 05-53N, 111-12E. She was carrying 8,000-tons of fuel oil. 31 passengers and three crewmen are KIA.

5 November 1944:
At 1430, arrives at Cap St Jacques, Indochina. An unidentified ship joins the convoy.

6 November 1944:
Arrives at Saigon.

8 November 1944:
Arrives at Cap St Jacques.

10 November 1944:
At 1200, convoy MI-20 departs Cap St Jacques for Takao. SHUNTEN MARU carries 8,010-tons of heavy oil and 190 passengers.

11 November 1944:
Anchors at Nha Trang, Indochina.

15 November 1944:
At 0730, departs Nha Trang heading NE towards the China coast.

17 November 1944:
South China Sea. 130 miles E of Tourane, Indochina. At 0300, LtCdr Guy E. O’Neil's (USNA '37) USS GUNNEL (SS-253) torpedoes and sinks torpedo boat HIYODORI. Then at about 0500, GUNNEL torpedoes and sinks SHUNTEN MARU at 16-45N, 110-15E.

Destroyer SHIOKAZE and subchaser CH-21´s counter attacks are ineffective.


Author’s Note:
[1] Also known as SUNTEN MARU.

[2] See the YUSOSEN! home page for an explanation of Sempaku-Uneikai, Haitosen, etc.

- Bob Hackett and Gilbert Casse.


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