(Type 1B Standard Cargo Ship)
Tabular Record of Movement
© 2014-2017 Bob Hackett
Harima. Laid down at Ishikawajima Jukogyo K. K., as a
4,667-ton Wartime Type 1B wartime standard cargo ship for Nippon Yusen Kaisha K. K. (NYK
Launched and named MINO MARU.
9 March 1944:
Completed and requisitioned by the Imperial Army (IJA). Alloted IJA No. 1205.
4 May 1944:
At 1400, MINO MARU departs Tateyama for the Marianas in
convoy 3503 also consisting of FUKKO, FUKOKU, ENOSHIMA, HAKOZAKI, HIYORI, KEIYO,
KOHO, KOJUN, OSAKA, TAIKOKU, TATSUTAGAWA, SHINFUKU and SHUNSEN MARUs escorted by
destroyers ASANAGI and MINATSUKI, torpedo boat OTORI, kaibokan OKI and CD-24 and
subchasers CH-31 CH-32, CH-52 and auxiliary subchaser SHONAN MARU No. 8.
9 May 1944:
CH-52 is detached from the convoy near Chichi-Jima.
10 May 1944:
420 miles NW of Saipan. At 1743, LtCdr Russell
Kefauver’s USS TAMBOR (SS-198) torpedoes and damages KEIYO MARU at 19-27N
14 May 1944:
At 14-57N, 144-58E, KOHO SHUNSEN and OTORI MARUs and
SHONAN MARU No. 8 are detached for Guam. At 1200, the rest of the convoy arrives
17 May 1944:
MINO MARU departs Saipan for Tokyo in convoy No. 4517
also consisting of transports ASAHISAN, BINGO, ENOSHIMA, MEIRYU, MIHO, SHOZAN
(2838 GRT) TATSUHARU, and YAMATAMA MARUs escorted by destroyer ASANAGI, kaibokan
CD-24, torpedo-boat OTORI, auxiliary subchasers SHONAN MARU No. 8 and TAKUNAN
MARU No. 10. Soon after departing, YAMATAMA MARU runs aground and is detached
from the convoy.
22 May 1944:
160 miles NW of Chichi-Jima. At 0327, at 28-12N 138-50E,
flagship ASANAGI steaming about a mile ahead of the formation is torpedoed aft
by LtCdr (later Rear Admiral-Ret) Bafford E. Lewellen‘s (USNA ’31) USS POLLACK
(SS-180). She becomes unnavigable and goes dead in the water. Fires break out
aft and she lists to starboard, before rolling over and sinking at 0405.
24 May 1944:
The convoy arrives at Tokyo at about 1730.
11 June 1944:
At 1530, MINO MARU departs Moji in convoy MI-07
consisting of GYOKUYO, KAKOGAWA, KAMO, KOKKO, MATSUURA, MYOGI, NISHI (ex-British
KALGAN), OYO, SHINKOKU, TAIKAI and YULIN MARUs and tankers CHIHAYA, KOEI,
RYUSHO, SAKURA, SAN LUIS and TAIEI MARUs, landing ship KORYU (SS 1) and seven
unidentified merchants escorted by destroyers ASAGAO and ASAKAZE, kaibokan
YASHIRO, CD-2 and auxiliary minesweeper TAKUNAN MARU No. 3. Immediately after leaving port,
KOEI MARU develops engine problems and returns to port.
13 June 1944:
Arrives at Kagoshima.
14 June 1944:
15 June 1944:
At 1040, the convoy anchors at Oshima Strait,
16 June 1944:
Departs Oshima Strait.
17 June 1944:
KAMO and MATSUURA MARUs are detached for Kirun with
18 June 1944:
At 1300, arrives at Takao. Later, ASAGAO
rejoins the convoy. At 1955, the convoy departs Takao. TAIEI MARU develops
steering problems and is forced to return to port escorted by ASAGAO.
20 June 1944:
Arrives at Aparri.
21 June 1944:
23 June 1944:
At 1800, arrives at Manila.
27 June 1944::
At 1530, MINO MARU departs Manila in convoy MI-07 also
consisting of KAMO, KAKOGAWA, MATSUURA, MYOGI, NISHI, OYO, SHIMPO, SHINKOKU,
TAIKAI MARUs and tankers CHIHAYA, KOEI, RYUSHO, SAN LUIS and TAIEI MARUs and
eleven unidentified merchant ships escorted by destroyers ASAGAO and ASAKAZE,
kaibokan YASHIRO, CD-2 and auxiliary minesweeper TAKUNAN MARU No. 3.
2 July 1944:
Arrives at Miri.
10 November 1944:
MINO MARU departs Miike, Kyushu for Manila in
convoy MOMA-07 also consisting of FUKUYO, GYOKUYO, JINYO, KENJO, MIHO, NARUO,
TATSUAKI (TATSUSHO), SHIROUMA (HAKUBA) and SHINFUKU MARUs and MARU and KONAN
MARU No. 1 escorted by kaibokan CD-8, CD-9, CD-28, CD-54, auxiliary subchaser
CHa-24 and an unidentified warship.
11 November 1944:
Near Cape Ose Sea, Goto Archipelago. At 0906, Cdr
(later Rear Admiral-Ret) Charles E. Loughlin’s (USNA '33) USS QUEENFISH (SS-393)
fires four torpedoes and hits MIHO MARU in the bow. Unable to keep up with the
convoy, she heads for Sasebo. The escorts drop 55 depth-charges on QUEENFISH,
but she remains undamaged.
12 November 1944:
248 miles SW of Nagasaki. At 0420, LtCdr (later
Rear Admiral/MOH) Eugene B. Fluckey’s (USNA '35) USS BARB (SS-220) torpedoes
NARUO and GYOKUYO MARUs at 31-30N 125-57E. NARUO MARU, hit by one or more
torpedoes, blows up and sinks instantly. She was carrying 20,000 shells and army
troops. 490 passengers, 72 crewmen and 131 gunners are KIA.
GYOKUYO MARU is hit by a torpedo in the engine spaces. She goes dead in
the water and begins to drift. Later, JINYO MARU attempts to tow the cripple,
but the towline parts. The passengers are transfered to other ships. The escorts
drop seven depth-charges on BARB and inflict slight damage.
At about 0620, LtCdr Robert H. Caldwell’s (USNA '36) USS PETO (SS-265)
torpedoes TATSUAKI MARU at 31-46N, 125-40E. One strikes No. 2 hold, a huge
explosion occurs. She lists over, then explodes. 145 passengers and 65 crewmen
are KIA. JINYO MARU rushes to the area from where the attack came and drops
13 November 1944:
At 0950, arrives at the Shushan Islands, E of
14 November 1944:
155 miles E of Shanghai. About midnight, LtCdr
Gordon W. Underwood’s (USNA ‘32) USS SPADEFISH (SS-411) fires five torpedoes by
radar bearings at GYOKUYO MARU being towed by kaibokan CD-8 towards Shanghai.
Hit by several torpedoes, GYOKUYO MARU sinks at 31-04N, 125-58E. Casualties are
unknown, but most passengers and crew had been taken off before the sinking.
19 November 1944:
At 1200, the convoy arrives at Takao and is
23 November 1944:
At 1530, MINO MARU departs Takao in convoy TAMA-32A
also consisting of AKAGISAN, HAGIKAWA, SORACHI, JINYO, NICHIYO, SHOEI, WAYO,
MINO, SHIROUMA (HAKUBA) and SHONAN MARUs and BANSHU MARU No. 63 and KIDOTEI SS
No. 6 escorted by old destroyer KURETAKE, kaibokan CD-1, CD-3, CD-8, CD-28,
CD-54 and subchasers CH-17, CH-18, CH-37 and CH-38. Soon after leaving, the
convoy anchors along the coast.
24 November 1944:
At 0400, departs Formosan coast.
25 November 1944:
At 2200, arrives at Musa Bay, Fuga Island.
27 November 1944:
At 0400, departs Musa Bay. At 1645, arrives at Lapoc
28 November 1944:
At 0600, departs Lapoc Bay. At 1800, arrives at N
29 November 1944:
At 0600, departs N San Fernando.
30 November 1944:
At 0500, arrives at Manila.
9 December 1944: Operation "TA No. 9" – The Reinforcement of Leyte,
MINO MARU departs Manila for Ormoc in an unnamed convoy also
consisting of SORACHI and TASMANIA MARUs escorted by DesDiv 30’s YUZUKI, UZUKI
and KIRI and SubChasDiv 21’s CH-17 and CH-37. The convoy is carrying 4,000
soldiers of the Takahashi Detachment (5th Infantry Regiment) plus food and
ammunition. The convoy is accompanied by landing ships T. 140 and T. 159 with
400 amphibious tank-equipped marines of the Ito Naval Landing Force.
11 December 1944:
Visayan Sea. W of Palompon, Leyte. The convoy is
attacked twice by about 40 USMC F4U "Corsair" fighter-bombers of VMFs 211, 218
and 313. In the second low level attack, MINO and TASMANIA MARUs are hit and
later sink. TASMANIA MARU takes down many of the 1,053 troops she carried and 96
gunners and 43 crewmen.
12 December 1944:
MINO MARU, loaded with war supplies, ammunition,
foodstuffs and troops, sinks at 11-20N, 124-10E. One gunner and 13 crewmen are KIA.
Thanks go to Erich Muehlthaler of Germany.
- Bob Hackett
to IJA Transports