ZATSUYOSEN!

(BORDVIK later MANRYU MARU, prewar in the Bristol Channel below Brunelís suspension bridge)

IJN MANRYU MARU:
Tabular Record of Movement


© 2016 Gilbert Casse and Peter Cundall


1920:
Bergen, Norway. Laid down by Bergen Mekaniske Verksted, as a 1,623-tons cargo ship for Henrik Ostervold, Bergen.

15 October 1920:
Launched and named HUFTERO.

20 November 1920:
Her owners are changed to A/S Ocean (John P. Pedersen & Son, Lysaker). Renamed DAGEID. Completed and registered at Christiania (later Oslo), Norway with Official Number (ON): 5605038 and Call Sign: LMBC.

1929:
Her owners are changed to Skibs-A/S Lundegaard & Sonner, Farsund, Norway. Renamed BORDVIK.

1933:
Call Sign is changed to LCGS.

3 August 1939:
Departs Shanghai, China.

1939:
Civilian Captain Anton Vesthasse is appointed ship Master.

14 March 1940:
Departs Taku Bar, Tianjin, China.

April 1940:
Ship is operated by Nortraship personnel.

14 April 1940:
Arrives at Shanghai.

April 1940:
Departs Shanghai.

11 May 1940:
Arrives at Taku Bar.

14 May 1940:
Departs Taku Bar.

15 May 1940:
Arrives at Tianjin. Departs later.

19 May 1940:
Arrives at Shanghai.

23 May 1940:
Departs Shanghai.

28 May 1940:
Arrives at Tianjin.

31 May 1940:
Departs Tianjin.

June 1940:
Arrives at Shanghai.

28 June 1940:
Departs Shanghai.

3 July 1940:
Arrives at Hong Kong.

4 July 1940:
Departs Hong Kong.

July 1940:
Arrives at Palembang, Sumatra, D.E.I.

19 July 1940:
Departs Palembang.

3 August 1940:
Arrives at Shanghai.

5 August 1940:
Departs Shanghai.

E 7 August 1940:
Arrives at Hong Kong.

9 August 1940:
Departs Hong Kong.

17 August 1940:
Arrives at Samarinda, Borneo.

21 August 1940:
Departs Samarinda.

27 August 1940:
Arrives at Manila, Luzon, P.I.

1 September 1940:
Departs Manila.

September 1940:
Calls at Palembang.

20 September 1940:
Arrives at Hong Kong.

7 October 1940:
Departs Hong Kong.

October 1940:
Arrives at Samarinda.

17 October 1940:
Departs Samarinda.

26 October 1940:
Arrives at Hong Kong.

5 November 1940:
Departs Hong Kong.

9 November 1940:
Arrives at Manila.

16 November 1940:
Departs Manila.

23 November 1940:
Arrives at Singapore, Malaya. Departs there later in the day.

29 November 1940:
Arrives at Rangoon, Burma (now Yangon, Myanmar).

3 December 1940:
Departs Rangoon.

7 December 1940:
Arrives at Sandheads, India.

11 December 1940:
Departs Sandheads.

20 December 1940:
Arrives at Singapore. Departs later.

30 December 1940:
Arrives at Hong Kong.

4 January 1941:
Departs Hong Kong.

11 January 1941:
Arrives at Singapore.

12 January 1941:
Departs Singapore.

18 January 1941:
Arrives at Rangoon.

23 January 1941:
Departs Rangoon.

29 January 1941:
Arrives at Singapore.

30 January 1941:
Departs Singapore.

9 February 1941:
Arrives at Hong Kong.

13 February 1941:
Departs Hong Kong.

20 February 1941:
Arrives at Singapore.

21 February 1941:
Departs Singapore.

27 February 1941:
Arrives at Rangoon.

1 March 1941:
Departs Rangoon.

7 March 1941:
Arrives at Singapore.

8 March 1941:
Departs Singapore.

17 March 1941:
Arrives at Hong Kong.

23 March 1941:
Departs Hong Kong.

30 March 1941:
Arrives at Singapore.

2 April 1941:
Departs Singapore.

7 April 1941:
Arrives at Rangoon.

15 April 1941:
Departs Rangoon.

21 April 1941:
Arrives at Singapore.

22 April 1941:
Departs Singapore.

30 April 1941:
Arrives at Hong Kong.

1 May 1941:
Departs Hong Kong.

9 May 1941:
Arrives at Samarinda. Departs later.

12 May 1941:
Arrives at Balikpapan, Borneo.

15 May 1941:
Departs Balikpapan.

20 May 1941:
Arrives at Singapore.

21 May 1941:
Departs Singapore.

May 1941:
Calls at Port Swettenham (now Port Klang), Malaya.

27 May 1941:
Arrives at Singapore.

31 May 1941:
Departs Singapore.

6 June 1941:
Arrives at Balikpapan.

10 June 1941:
Departs Balikpapan.

15 June 1941:
Arrives at Singapore.

20 June 1941:
Departs Singapore.

27 June 1941:
Arrives at Rangoon.

5 July 1941:
Departs Rangoon.

12 July 1941:
Arrives at Singapore.

13 July 1941:
Departs Singapore.

20 July 1941:
Arrives at Hong Kong.

23 July 1941:
Departs Hong Kong.

2 August 1941:
Arrives at Singapore.

3 August 1941:
Departs Singapore.

9 August 1941:
Arrives at Rangoon.

20 August 1941:
Departs Rangoon.

26 August 1941:
Arrives at Singapore.

27 August 1941:
Departs Singapore.

4 September 1941:
Arrives at Hong Kong.

21 September 1941:
Departs Hong Kong.

29 September 1941:
Arrives at Samarinda. Departs later.

13 October 1941:
Arrives at Singapore. Departs later.

22 October 1941:
Arrives at Rangoon.

28 October 1941:
Departs Rangoon.

3 November 1941:
Arrives at Singapore.

4 November 1941:
Departs Singapore.

15 November 1941:
Arrives at Hong Kong.

19 November 1941:
Departs Hong Kong.

27 November 1941:
Arrives at Singapore.

28 November 1941:
Departs Singapore.

3 December 1941:
Arrives at Rangoon.

7 December 1941:
Departs Rangoon.

11 December 1941:
Arrives at Sabang, Sumatra. Departs later.

17 December 1941:
Arrives at Port Swettenham. Departs later.

23 December 1941:
Arrives at Singapore.

3 January 1942:
Departs Singapore.

7 January 1942:
Arrives at Batavia (now Djakarta), Java.

10 January 1942:
Departs Batavia.

16 January 1942:
Arrives at Surabaya, Java.

3 March 1942:
BORDVIK is scuttled by her own crew to prevent the ship falling into Japanese hands. The crew is later taken prisoners of war by Japanese Authorities.

11 July 1942:
Wreck is salved by Japanese Forces.

1942:
Renamed MANRYU MARU. Call sign is changed to JWFY.

15 November 1942:
Arrives at Yokohama. Registered that same day in the IJN as an auxiliary transport attached to the Kure Naval District with Kure as homeport under Navyís instruction No. 2116. Assigned directly to the Navy Department as an auxiliary transport (Otsu) category. Enters Mitsubishi Heavy Industries K.K. shipyard to undergo repairs and conversion to military duty. [1]

16 January 1943:
Maintenance directive No. 333 is issued.

9 April 1943:
Repairs and conversion are completed. Undocked.

10 April 1943:
Departs Yokohama.

12 April 1943:
Sustains an engine breakdown five nautical miles ESE of Atagizaki. Minelayer NARYU is dispatched to assist.

14 April 1943:
Arrives at Hirohata, Hyogo Prefecture.

17 April 1943:
Departs Hirohata and arrives at Aioi, Hyogo Prefecture later that day.

E 17 ~ 20 April 1943:
Undergoes engine repairs.

21 April 1943:
Departs Aioi.

22 April 1943:
Arrives at Wakamatsu, Fukuoka Prefecture.

23 April 1943:
Departs Wakamatsu.

27 April 1943:
Arrives at Chinnampo, Chosen (now North Korea).

29 April 1943:
Departs Chinnampo.

30 April 1943:
Arrives at Kaishu (Haizhou), Chosen (now Haeju, North Korea).

5 May 1943:
Departs Kaishu.

9 May 1943:
Arrives at Osaka.

11 May 1943:
Departs Osaka and arrives at Hirohata later that day.

14 May 1943:
Departs Hirohata.

15 May 1943:
Arrives at Moji.

17 May 1943:
Departs Moji.

20 May 1943:
Arrives at Chinnampo.

23 May 1943:
Departs Chinnampo.

24 May 1943:
Arrives at Koriyama, Fukushima Prefecture, Kyushu.

26 May 1943:
Departs Koriyama.

30 May 1943:
Arrives at Osaka.

1 June 1943:
Departs Osaka.

E 3 June 1943:
Calls at Moji.

8 June 1943:
Arrives at Kaishu.

15 June 1943:
Departs Kaishu.

19 June 1943:
Arrives at Kobe.

22 June 1943:
Departs Kobe.

23 June 1943:
Arrives at Yoshiura near Kure.

9 July 1943:
Departs Yoshiura.

E 10 July ~ 28 August 1943:
Calls at Saeki, Kyushu ~ Osaka ~ Wakamatsu ~ Moji ~ Chinnampo ~ Tsukumi, Oita Prefecture, Kyushu and Nagoya.

26 July 1943:
Due to depart Osaka for Moji.

27 July 1943:
Due to arrive at Moji.

30 August 1943:
Arrives at Moji.

31 August 1943:
Departs Moji.

E 1 ~ 27 September 1943:
Calls at Dairen, Manchuria (now Dalian, northern China) ~ Yokohama ~ Yokosuka and Yawata, Fukuoka Prefecture.

28 September 1943:
Arrives at Takashima, Shiga Prefecture.

2 October 1943:
Departs Takashima.

E 3 October ~ 22 November 1943:
Calls at Kure ~ Wakamatsu ~ Dairen ~ Osaka and Tokuyama, Yamaguchi Prefecture.

12 November 1943:
Due to depart Osaka.

13 November 1943:
Due to arrive at Tokuyama.

23 November 1943:
Arrives at Sasebo.

27 November 1943:
Departs Sasebo.

2 December 1943:
Arrives at Seito (Tsingtao, now Qingdao), China.

5 December 1943:
Departs Seito.

E 7 ~ 27 December 1943:
Calls at Dairen and Osaka.

Departs Sasebo.

28 December 1943:
Arrives at Tokuyama.

31 December 1943:
Departs Tokuyama.

E January ~ April 1944:
Calls at Seito ~ Dairen and Kobe.

4 April 1944:
Arrives at Osaka.

8 April 1944:
Enters drydock.

E 8 ~ 26 April 1944:
Undergoes hull repairs.

27 April 1944:
Undocked. Departs Osaka.

28 April 1944:
Arrives at Kure.

1 May 1944:
Departs Kure.

E 2 ~ 28 May 1944:
Calls at Tokuyama ~ Wakamatsu ~ Sasebo ~ Seito ~ Dairen and Osaka.

29 May 1944:
Arrives at Kure.

31 May 1944:
Departs Kure.

1 June 1944:
Arrives at Tokuyama.

2 June 1944:
Departs Tokuyama.

E 3 ~ 27 June 1944:
Calls at Wakamatsu ~ Sasebo ~ Seito ~ Dairen and Moji.

28 June 1944:
Arrives at Osaka.

2 July 1944:
Departs Osaka.

E 3 ~ 21 July 1944:
Calls at Kure ~ Moji and Sasebo.

22 July 1944:
Arrives at Seito.

27 July 1944:
Departs Seito.

E 28 July ~ 28 August 1944:
Calls at Moji ~ Osaka ~ Kure and Sasebo.

30 August 1944:
Departs Seito.

E 1 ~ 26 September 1944:
Calls at Dairen ~ Osaka ~ Kure and Moji.

27 September 1944:
Arrives at Sasebo.

3 October 1944:
Departs Sasebo.

14 October 1944:
Arrives at Shanghai.

17 October 1944:
Departs Shanghai.

21 October 1944:
Arrives at Seito.

23 October 1944:
Departs Seito.

E 24 October ~ 24 November 1944:
Calls at Dairen ~ Osaka ~ Wakamatsu ~ Kure and Moji.

26 November 1944:
Arrives at Kobe.

27 November 1944:
Departs Kobe.

10 December 1944:
Passes through Kii strait area in a five ship convoy heading to Inland Sea also consisting of civilian tankers (C-AO) HADACHI MARU and YAEI MARU No. 3, IJA transport DAIA MARU and civilian cargo ship KYODO MARU No. 2.

20 March 1945:
Joins convoy No. 1929 en route to Onagawa.

24 March 1945:
Departs Inland Sea in convoy No. 8324 also consisting of civilian cargo ships (C-AK) MIYAJIMA and CHOZAN MARUs escorted by auxiliary subchasers TAKUNAN MARU No. 6, and from Kii area, CHa-221. MANRYU MARU is bound for Shimizu.

12 April 1945:
At 1345, departs Yokohama in a convoy also consisting of government owned (C-AK) AWA (ex-Honduran WAWA) MARU and civilian cargo ship (C-AK) HAKUYO MARU without escort.

15 April 1945:
The convoy arrives at Kamaishi, Iwate Prefecture and anchors.

16 April 1945:
At 0550, the convoy departs Kamaishi for Muroran, Hokkaido. At the Yamada Sea, the convoy is joined by kaibokan CD-73 and two other unidentified escorts. At 0910, LtCdr John W. Reedís (USNA í38) USS SUNFISH (SS-281) attacks the convoy. Reed fires six torpedoes and sinks MANRYU MARU with the loss of 41 crewmen and kaibokan CD-73 (casualties unknown) at 39-36N, 142-05E.

The remaining escorts counterattack and drop about 50 DCs that slightly damage USS SUNFISH that later evades and escapes.

25 May 1945:
Removed from the IJN Navyís list under instruction No. 471.


Authors notes†:
[1] There were two categories of Zatsuyosen. (Ko) category with an IJN Captain as supervisor aboard and (Otsu) category without.

Thanks go to Gengoro S. Toda of Japan.

Gilbert Casse and Peter Cundall.


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