KYUHEIKAN!


(KOGYO MARU prewar)


IJN KOGYO MARU:
Tabular Record of Movement

© 2009-2014 Bob Hackett, Sander Kingsepp and Peter Cundall.
Revision 3


16 May 1938:
Yokosuka (Uraga). Laid down at Uraga Dock Co. as a 6353-ton cargo ship for Okada Gumi K. K., Osaka.

6 June 1938:
Launched and named KOGYO MARU.

2 February 1939:
Completed.

30 August 1941:
Requisitioned by the IJN.

5 September 1941:
Registered in the Kure Naval District as an auxiliary transport ship. Recalled retired Navy Captain (later Rear Admiral) Kusakabe Enjiro (39) is appointed Supervisor.

7 September 1941:
Kobe. Begins conversion at Kawasaki shipyard.

7 November 1941:
Assigned to the IJN's Southern Forces.

26 November 1941:
Attached to the Malaya Seizure Force. Loads 150 tons of boiler oil, 300 tons of water and weapons. Assigned directly to HQ, Combined Fleet.

5 December 1941:
At Kure Navy yard. Completes conversion. Departs Kure.

12 December 1941:
Arrives at Samah, Hainan Island.

30 December 1941:
Departs Samah.

31 December 1941:
Arrives at Camranh Bay, Vichy French Indochina.

25 January 1942:
Departs Camranh Bay.

3 February 1942:
Arrives at Sasebo.

9 February 1942:
Departs Sasebo.

28 February 1942: Operation "J" - The Invasion of Java, Netherlands East Indies:
KOGYO MARU is with Vice Admiral Takahashi Ibo's (former CO of YAMASHIRO) (36) Third Fleet's Netherlands East Indies Force and attached to Vice Admiral Ozawa Jisaburo’s (37) Western Java Seizure Force. She participates in the invasions of Bantam Bay, near Batavia (now Jakarta), and Merak, Java.

10 April 1942: Operation "C" - The Raids in the Indian Ocean:
Attached to the Indian Ocean Raiding Force.

5 May 1942: Operation "MI" - The Battle of Midway:
KOGYO MARU is assigned in support of the operation.

7 May 1942:
Arrives at Kure.

8 May 1942:
Assigned to the main force in support of the Western Aleutian Seizure operation.

7 July 1942:
Okada Gumi is reconstituted as Okada Shosen K.K. KOGYO MARU’s port of registry is changed to Tokyo.

8 July 1942:
Departs Kure.

3 August 1942:
Arrives at Moji.

9 August 1942:
Departs Moji.

3 September 1942:
Arrives at Osaka.

15 September 1942:
Departs Kure.

23 September 1942:
Arrives at Saigon, Vichy French Indochina.

28 September 1942:
Departs Saigon.

6 October 1942:
Arrives at Nagasaki.

15 October 1942:
Departs Nagasaki.

22 October 1942:
Arrives at Saigon.

29 October 1942:
Departs Saigon.

8 November 1942:
Arrives at Osaka.

11 November 1942:
Departs Osaka.

13 November 1942:
Arrives at Kure.

2 December 1942:
Departs Kure.

4 February 1943:
An unknown officer is appointed Supervisor.

11 July 1943:
Arrives at Kure.

13 July 1943:
Departs Kure.

15 July 1943:
Arrives at Maizuru.

30 July 1943:
Departs Maizuru.

31 July 1943:
Arrives at Mutsure.

4 August 1943:
KOGYO MARU departs Mutsure in convoy No. 183 consisting of tankers SHOYO, MANSHU MARUs and OGURA MARU No. 2 and seven unidentified merchant ships escorted by destroyer ASAGAO.

9 August 1943:
Arrives at Mako, Pescadores.

11 August 1943:
Departs Mako transporting Naval personnel.

28 August 1943:
Arrives at Singapore, Malaya and later that day departs in a unnamed convoy consisting of KOGYO and TATSUHARU MARUs escorted by torpedo boat KARI. The convoy carries a Naval Construction Unit destined for Car Nicobar, Andaman Islands, Indian Ocean.

29 August 1943:
Arrives at Penang, Malaya.

3 September 1943:
Departs Penang.

4 September 1943:
Arrives at Sabang, Sumatra.

15 September 1943:
Arrives at Car Nicobar.

21 September 1943:
Departs Car Nicobar.

2 October 1943:
Arrives at Saigon..

11 October 1943:
Departs Saigon.

21 October 1943:
KOGYO MARU departs Manila in a convoy consisting of NAGOYA and ARATAMA MARUs escorted by torpedo boat HAYABUSA initially to Cebu, Philippines, then to Palau.

2 November 1943:
At 1600, KOGYO MARU departs Palau in convoy No. SO-205 consisting of SHICHISEI, TESHIO, NAGOYA and ARATAMA MARUs and DAIGEN MARU No. 3 escorted by subchasers CH-22, CH-24 and CH-39.

4 November 1943:
At 1700 in 05-20N 140-00E two torpedoes miss KOGYO MARU. The escorts counter-attack and the convoy continues.

9 November 1943:
At 1940 a B-25 attacks the convoy without causing damage.

10 November 1943:
At 1200, arrives at Rabaul.

10 December 1943:
Departs Rabaul in convoy No. 2102 consisting of KOGYO MARU and NAGOYA MARU escorted by torpedo boat OTORI.

14 December 1943:
Arrives at Truk.

21 December 1943:
Departs Truk escorted by destroyers AKEBONO, SAZANAMI and AMAGIRI.

27 December 1943:
At 0700, departs Truk in convoy No. 4227 consisting only of KOGYO MARU escorted by patrol boat PB-46 and kaibokan OKI.

5 January 1944:
Arrives at Yokosuka.

10 January 1944:
At 0700, KOGYO MARU departs Yokohama for Owase in convoy No. 7110 consisting of MISHIMA and TAIRYU MARUs and an unidentified freighter escorted by patrol boat PB-46, auxiliary minesweepers SAISHU MARU No. 6 and SAISHU MARU No. 7.

12 January 1944:
S of Daio Zaki, Honshu. At about 2300, LtCdr (later Rear Admiral) William B. Sieglaff's (USNA ’31) USS TAUTOG (SS-199) attacks the convoy at 34-10N, 136-55E. Sieglaff fires three torpedoes at one freighter and one at another. KOGYO MARU is hit in the engine room, floods and takes on a list to port.

13 January 1944:
After 0003, patrol boat PB-46 conducts a depth-charge attack against an underwater target. At 0250, the Ise Bay Guard Unit dispatches auxiliary mine sweeper BANSHU MARU No. 18 to the area to intercept the submarine. At 0530, PB-46 takes KOGYO MARU under tow.

14 January 1944:
Returns to Owase Bay.

15 January 1944:
Arrives at Nagoya.

1 April 1944:
Transferred to the Kure Naval District as an auxiliary transport ship.

31 July 1944:
Departs Nagoya carrying aircraft spare parts for land based aircraft damaged during the Battle of the Philippine Sea.

4 August 1944:
Arrives at Kure.

11 August 1944:
Departs Kure and arrives at Wakamatsu.

14 August 1944:
Departs Wakamatsu.

15 August 1944:
At 0600, KOGYO MARU departs Moji for Takao in convoy MOTA-23 also consisting of FUKUREI, EDOGAWA, DAIJO, EIJII, MANSHU, ATSUTA, CHINA, ROZAN, EIMAN, TOYOOKA and AWAJI MARUs and YOSHIDA MARU No. 3, TOYO MARU No. 3 and an unidentified ship escorted by destroyer HATSUSHIMO, torpedo boat HIYODORI, kaibokan CD-10, CD-20, minesweeper W-20 and subchaser CH-63.

18 August 1944:
Arrives at Kagoshima.

20 August 1944:
Departs Kagoshima.

24 August 1944:
At about 0700, LtCdr Henry S. Monroe's (USNA ’33) USS RONQUIL (SS-396) torpedoes and sinks YOSHIDA MARU No. 3. 70 crewmen, 10 gunners and 96 troops out of 99 are KIA. At about the same time, Monroe torpedoes and damages FUKUREI MARU. She floods and drifts ashore where she is abandoned about three months later.

25 August 1944:
At 1400, the convoy arrives at Keelung.

27 August 1944:
Departs Keelung.

28 August 1944:
Arrives at Takao. KOGYO MARU embarks 447 passengers including elements of the 439-man 332nd Naval Construction Unit and its equipment consisting of one 6-ton tractor, one 10-ton tractor for carryall, two tractors for bulldozers and carryalls, one 4 cubic meter carryall, two trucks with a crane, one half-ton 4WD truck, two water-sprinkler trucks, one sawing machine car, one 8-ton rolling compaction machine, three 6-ton rolling compaction machines, one 10-ton trailer, one 4-ton trailer, 15 trucks, two dump trucks, one filter car, one 40KVA generator car, one 5-ton gasoline engine car, two 50 HP portable compressors, two 50HP fixed compressors, one 2.5HP fixed compressor, two concrete mixers, two macadam machines and other equipment ..

5 September 1944:
At 1900, KOGYO MARU departs Takao for Manila in convoy TAMA-25 also consisting of ATSUTA, EIJI, EIMAN, HOKUSEN, MANSHU, NANREI, ROZAN, SHOKOKU and TOYOOKA MARUs escorted by destroyers HATSUHARU, HIBIKI, kaibokan CD-1, CD-3, CD-7, CD-8, torpedo-boat HIYODORI, minesweeper W-20, subchaser CH-63 and auxiliary subchaser CHa-67. The convoy is carrying reinforcements, equipment and ammunition for the defense of the Philippine Islands.

6 September 1944:
At 0230, KOGYO MARU develops engine troubles and turns back.

19 September 1944:
Arrives at Manila.

21 September 1944:
About 200 aircraft of Vice Admiral (later Admiral) Marc A. Mitscher's (USNA ’10) Task Force 38 strike Manila throughout the day. Planes from TG 38.1, TG 38.2 and TG 38.3 sink destroyer SATSUKI anchored near IRAKO with the loss of 52 of her crew. IRAKO rescues a few sailors.

Vice Admiral Mikawa Gunichi, (former CO of KIRISHIMA), (38) CINC, Southwest Area Fleet, advises the Supreme Commander of Japanese Forces in the Southern Area, Field Marshal, Count Terauchi Hisaichi, CINC, Southern Army, to transfer all supply ships from Manila to the relative security of Coron Bay off Palawan Island, Philippines. At 1715, Terauchi issues the order. At 1730, KOGYO MARU weighs anchor.

22 September 1944:
At 0300, KOGYO MARU departs Manila for Coron Bay, Calamian Islands in the Taihi (refugee) convoy with CHINZEI, BAIKAL, TAIEI, TENHI, TAITEN, OLYMPIA, EKKAI MARUs and IRAKO escorted by minelayer AOTAKA, auxiliary subchasers SHONAN MARU No. 11 and HAKKO MARU, CHa-60 and CHa-61.

23 September 1944:
At 1540, arrives at Coron Bay and drops anchor at 11-59N.120-02E. Her crew spends the night trying to camouflage the bridge and main deck.

24 September 1944:
At 0550, 96 Grumman F6F “Hellcat” fighters and 24 Curtiss SB2C “Helldiver” dive-bombers of Vice Admiral Mitscher’s Task Group 38.3’s Air Group 18 from USS INTREPID (CV-11), AG-31 from USS CABOT (CVL-28) and AG-19 based on Mitscher's flagship USS LEXINGTON (CV-16) take off to attack the anchorage at Coron Bay, Busuanga Island, Palawan, 340 miles away.

Busuanga Island. A convoy of at least 12 IJN auxiliary ships is dispersed in the coastal waters around the island. At 0855, Air Group 31’s fighter-bombers start their attack. They attack the ships in Coron Bay and the ships to the west first.

KOGYO MARU is attacked and takes several bomb hits. She sinks at 12-00N, 120-00 E. 35 crewmen are KIA. TAIEI (five crewmen, three gunners and three passengers KIA), OLYMPIA (14 crewmen, three guards and two passengers KIA) and EKKAI (ex-Panamanian MORAZAN, 44 crew and 15 passengers KIA) MARUs and IRAKO (casualties unknown) are also sunk.

10 November 1944:
Removed from the Navy List.


Author's Note:
Thanks go to John Whitman of the USA for info on the 332nd Naval Construction Unit and its equipment and to Gilbert Casse of France for his general contributions to revisions..

- Bob Hackett, Sander Kingsepp and Peter Cundall.


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