YUSOSEN!

(VIGRID later KIYO MARU)

IJN KIYO MARU:
Tabular Record of Movement


© 2009-2014 Bob Hackett and Peter Cundall.
Revision 6


1930:
Finkenwarder, Germany. Laid down at Deutsche Werft shipyard as a 7,251-ton tanker for Skibs-A/S Vigrid (Bruun & von der Lippe), Tonsberg, Norway.

7 June 1930:
Launched and named VIGRID.

July 1930:
Completed.

1935:
Sold to Asano Busan K.K. (Asano Production Co Ltd.). Renamed KIYO MARU and registered in Tokyo.

8 January 1942:
Requisitioned by the IJN. Assigned to the Navy Department as an oil supply boat.

11 January 1942:
Departs Kure.

17 January 1942:
Arrives at Mako.

21 January 1942:
Departs Mako.

25 January 1942:
Arrives at Sasebo.

28 January 1942:
Departs Sasebo.

29 January 1942:
Arrives at Kure.

1 February 1942:
Departs Kure.

3 February 1942:
Arrives at Yokkaichi.

11 February 1942:
Arrives at Mako.

13 February 1942:
Departs Mako.

19 February 1942:
Arrives at Davao.

24 February 1942:
Departs Davao.

27 February 1942:
Arrives at Balikpapan, Borneo. Loads fuel oil.

2 March 1942:
Departs Balikpapan.

E 13 March 1942:
Arrives at Kure.

15 March 1942:
Departs Kure.

20 March 1942:
Arrives at Mako.

23 March 1942:
Departs Mako.

27 March 1942:
Arrives at Kure.

1 April 1942:
Departs Kure.

6 April 1942:
Arrives at Mako.

8 April 1942:
Departs Mako.

13 April 1942:
Arrives at Tokuyama.

30 April 1942:
Arrives at Kure.

3 May 1942:
Departs Tokuyama and later that day arrives at Tainouchi, near Kure.

5 May 1942:
Departs Tainouchi.

7 May 1942:
Arrives at Yokkaichi.

14 May 1942:
Departs Yokkaichi.

15 May 1942:
Arrived at Yokosuka.

18 May 1942:
Departs Tokyo Bay in a convoy also consisting of SHICHISEI and YAMAZURU MARUs escorted by minelayer UKISHIMA. The KIYO MARU is en route to Kure.

E 20 May 1942:
Arrives at Kure.

E 22 May 1942:
Departs Kure.

E 24 May 1942:
Arrives at Yokkaichi.

1 June 1942:
Departs Kure.

10 June 1942:
Arrives at Saipan.

16 June 1942:
Departs at Saipan.

27 June 1942:
Arrives at Palembang, Sumatra. Loads fuel oil.

1 July 1942:
Departs Palembang.

2 July 1942:
Arrives at Singapore.

7 July 1942:
KIYO MARU departs Singapore in convoy No. 614 consisting of four unidentified merchant ships escorted by auxiliary gunboat CHOJUSAN MARU.

10 July 1942:
Arrives St Jacques. [1]

19 July 1942:
At 1900 departs Mako in convoy No. 236 also consisting of GENOA, IKOMA, ARABIA, MANSHU, IKUSHIMA, ISUZU, KAISHO, UMEKAWA, NISHIYAMA (SEIZAN), MANKO, HIBARI, MADRAS, KENZAN and CHICAGO MARUs, DAIGEN MARU No. 3, BANEI MARU No. 7 and tanker TAKASAGO MARU escorted by the auxiliary gunboat DELHI MARU.

26 July 1942:
Arrives at Yokohama.

30 July 1942:
Departs Yokohama and later that day arrives at Yokosuka.

1 August 1942:
Departs Yokosuka escorted by auxiliary gunboat HIYOSHI MARU No. 2 GO.

2 August 1942:
Arrives at Yokkaichi.

5 August 1942:
Departs Yokkaichi.

7 August 1942:
Arrives at Kure. An AA gun is fitted on the forecastle, a new signal lamp is installed and two depth charge racks are fitted on the poop deck.

13 August 1942:
Departs Kure.

14 August 1942:
Arrives at Moji and departs later that day.

15 August 1942:
Arrives at Chinkai.

18 August 1942:
Departs Chinkai.

23 August 1942:
At 0725 KIYO MARU reports sighting an enemy submarine in 33.17N 135.45E.

26 August 1942:
Arrives at Palau.

29 August 1942:
Departs Palau.

7 September 1942:
Arrives at Palembang. Loads fuel oil.

9 September 1942:
Departs Palembang.

12 September 1942:
Arrives at Singapore.

14 September 1942:
Departs Singapore.

28 September 1942:
Arrives at Yokohama.

2 October 1942:
Departs Yokohama and later that day arrives at Yokosuka.

4 October 1942:
Departs Yokosuka.

5 October 1942:
Arrives at Yokkaichi. Loads fuel.

8 October 1942:
Departs Yokkaichi.

10 October 1942:
Arrives at Kure.

11 October 1942:
Departs Kure and later that day arrives at Hiro.

14 October 1942:
Departs Hiro.

25 October 1942:
Arrives at Truk.

27 October 1942:
Departs Truk.

9 November 1942:
Arrives at Palembang. Loads fuel oil.

11 November 1942:
Departs Palembang.

27 November 1942:
Transits the Bungo Straits heading north.

29 November 1942:
Arrives at Tokuyama. Unloads fuel oil.

5 December 1942:
Departs Tokuyama.

6 December 1942:
Arrives at Kure.

9 December 1942:
Departs Kure.

10 December 1942:
Joined by subchaser CH-36 off Fukajima and escorted south. At 1100 passes through the Bungo Suido at 10.5 knots.

E 11 December 1942:
CH-36 is detached 90 degrees off Toi Misaki.

21 December 1942:
Arrives at Palembang. Loads fuel oil.

23 December 1942:
Departs Palembang.

26 December 1942:
Arrives at Singapore.

27 December 1942:
Departs Singapore in unescorted convoy No. 655 consisting of KIYO MARU and one unidentified merchant ship.

29 December 1942:
Arrives at St Jacques. [2]

4 January 1943:
Arrives at Mako.

8 January 1943:
Met at sea by the minelayer TAKASHIMA and escorted northwards.

13 January 1943:
At 0000 TAKASHIMA detaches. Later that day escorted through the Bungo Straits to Fukajima by minelayer NATSUSHIMA and auxiliary netlayers DAIKOKUTEN and SHOSEI MARUs. From there, proceeds to Tokuyama, arriving later that day. Unloads fuel oil.

16 January 1943:
Departs Tokuyama and later that day arrives at Kasado Jima dry-dock for temporary repair to her rudder.

22 January 1943:
Undocked. Departs Kasado Jima and later that day arrives at Tokuyama.

25 January 1943:
Departs Tokuyama.

28 January 1943:
Arrives at Yokosuka.

31 January 1943:
Departs Yokosuka and later that day arrives at Yokohama.

3 February 1943:
Yokohama. Enters dock at the Nippon Kokan, K.K shipyard. Undergoes permanent repair to her rudder and other repairs.

4 April 1943:
Undocked.

5 April 1943:
Departs Yokohama.

11 April 1943:
Departs Moji in convoy No. 146 (first part) also consisting of three unidentified tankers. The entire convoy including KIYO MARU consists of fourteen ships, all unidentified and sails in two sections escorted by destroyer KARUKAYA (that probably escorted the first section).

15 April 1943:
At 1200 arrives at Mako.

17 April 1943:
KIYO MARU departs Mako in unescorted convoy No.385 also consisting of four unidentified merchant ships.

22 April 1943:
Arrives at St Jacques.

28 April 1943:
Arrives at Palembang. Loads fuel oil.

29 April 1943:
Departs Palembang.

2 May 1943:
Arrives at Singapore. Unloads fuel oil.

5 May 1943:
Departs Singapore.

7 May 1943:
Arrives at Palembang. Loads fuel oil.

8 May 1943:
Departs Palembang.

10 May 1943:
Arrives at Singapore.

11 May 1943:
Departs Singapore.

24 May 1943:
Arrives Mako.

27 May 1943:
KIYO MARU departs Mako in convoy No. 266 also consisting of tankers HAKUBASAN MARU, OGURA MARU No.1 and cargo ship JUYO MARU and nine unidentified merchant ships escorted by patrol boat PB-2.

1 June 1943:
Arrives at Tokuyama. Unloads fuel oil.

7 June 1943:
Departs Tokuyama.

8 June 1943:
Arrives at Mutsure.

14 June 1943:
Departs Mutsure.

15 June 1943:
At 0650, KIYO MARU departs Sasebo in convoy No. 166 consisting of oilers GOYO, TACHIBANA, HAKKO, CHIYODA, CHIHAYA and NICHIRIN MARUs and transports CEYLON, NORFOLK, SHOGEN, TAIAN and ISUZU MARUs escorted by patrol boat PB-36.

18 June 1943:
At 1000, TAIAN MARU is detached for Kirun (Keelung), Formosa.

19 June 1943:
Arrives at Mako.

23 June 1943:
KIYO MARU departs Mako in unescorted convoy No.302 also consisting of tanker KIYO Maru and cargo ships YASUKUNI, KOSEI, RYUKO, NORFOLK MARUs and four unidentified merchant ships.

29 June 1943:
Arrives at St Jacques.

7 July 1943:
Arrives at Palembang. Loads fuel oil.

8 July 1943:
Departs Palembang.

11 July 1943:
Arrives at Singapore.

15 July 1943:
KIYO MARU departs Singapore in convoy No. 605 also consisting of tankers TACHIBANA and SAN PEDRO MARUs and TAMAHOKO, GYOSAN, SAMARANG and NICHIWA MARUs, JUNGEN GO and one unidentified merchant ship. [3]

18 July 1943:
At 1100 arrives St Jacques.

23 July 1943:
KIYO MARU departs St Jacques in unescorted convoy No. 412 also consisting of tankers ATAGO, NICHIRIN and SAN RAMON MARUs and cargo ships JUNGEN GO and KAIJUN GO and nine unescorted merchant ships. The convoy later splits into three parts.

29 July 1943:
Arrives at Takao.

2 August 1943:
KIYO MARU departs Takao in convoy No. 288 also consisting of six unidentified merchant ships escorted by patrol boat PB-2.

7 August 1943:
Arrives at Moji.

9 August 1943:
Arrives at Amagasaki.

12 August 1943:
Departs Amagasaki.

13 August 1943:
Arrives at Kure.

14 August 1943:
Departs Kure. Arrives at Mutsure.

15 August 1943:
KIYO MARU departs Moji in convoy No. 187 also consisting of ATAGO, RAIZAN, CHOJO, KOYU, KOFUKU, HONAN MARUs, and Naval tanker SHIRIYA together with four unidentified merchant ships escorted by destroyer KARUKAYA.

20 August 1943:
Arrives at Mako.

22 August 1943:
KIYO MARU departs Mako in convoy No. 317 also consisting of RYUKO, CHOJO, KOYU, KACHOSAN, KAIKO MARUs, and tanker YAMAMIZU MARU No.3, together with four unidentified merchant ships escorted by patrol boat PB-2.

30 August 1943:
Arrives at St Jacques.

1 September 1943:
KIYO MARU is registered in the Kure Naval District as an auxiliary transport ship (oil supply), (Otsu) category under internal order No. 1820. Her home port is Kure.

2 September 1943:
Arrives at Singapore.

5 September 1943:
KIYO MARU departs Singapore in unescorted convoy No. 618 also consisting of tankers SHOYO MARU and four unidentified merchant ships.

8 September 1943:
Arrives at St Jacques.

11 September 1943:
Departs St Jacques in convoy No. 425 consisting of tankers KIYO, SHOYO and GINYO MARUs and 11 unidentified merchant ships.

18 September 1943:
At 0620, GINYO MARU reports a torpedo attack that missed the ship. Later that day, the convoy arrives at Takao.

20 September 1943:
At 1800, KIYO MARU departs Takao in the "Temporary B" convoy also consisting of tankers TAKETSU (BUTSU) and SHOYO MARUs and OGURA MARU No. 1 and transports ARGUN, MANTAI and GYOKU MARUs escorted by fleet tanker SHIRIYA and kaibokan WAKAMIYA.

25 September 1943:
At 0830, arrives at Moji.

26 September 1943:
Arrives at Kudamatsu.

30 September 1943:
Departs Kudamatsu and later that day arrives at Tokuyama.

1 October 1943:
Departs Tokuyama.

2 October 1943:
Arrives at Moji.

3 October 1943:
KIYO MARU departs Moji in convoy No. 103 also consisting of and 11 unidentified merchant ships escorted by destroyer ASAGAO and destroyers SHIOKAZE (that departs Sasebo). The convoy splits into two parts shortly after departing port.

7 October 1943:
The first part arrives at Takao.

8 October 1943:
The second part arrives at Takao.

12 October 1943:
KIYO MARU departs Takao convoy No. 329 consisting of 19 unidentified merchant ships escorted by destroyer ASAGAO, torpedo boat TOMOZURU and subchaser CH-9.

18 October 1943:
Arrives at St Jacques, Indochina.

19 October 1943:
KIYO MARU departs St Jacques in convoy No. 518 consisting of six unidentified merchant ships escorted by torpedo boat TOMOZURU and auxiliary gunboat EIFUKU MARU.

24 October 1943:
Arrives at Singapore.

30 October 1943:
Arrives at Miri, Borneo.

29 December 1943:
KIYO MARU and tanker HAKKO MARU arrive at Miri.

2 January 1944:
At 1800, KIYO MARU departs Miri for St Jacques in the Rinji (Special) convoy consisting of HAKKO and KONZAN MARUs escorted by subchaser CH-17.

4 January 1944:
South China Sea. At about 2100, LtCdr Willard R. Laughon’s (USNA ’33) USS RASHER (SS-269) attacks the convoy. Laughon fires four torpedoes at the convoy, but one prematures. One of the others appears to hit. At about the same time, Cdr George E. Porters’s (USNA ’32) USS BLUEFISH (SS-222) torpedoes and sinks HAKKO MARU at 06-55N, 109-29E with 8,333 tons of crude oil. 4 crewmen are KIA.

At about 2245, USS RASHER torpedoes KIYO MARU at 05-46N, 108-36E.

5 January 1944:
At about 0145, KIYO MARU sinks at 06-55, 108-23E and takes down all 42 hands.

31 March 1944:
Removed from the Navy List under internal order No. 508.


Authors' Notes:
[1] KIYO MARU may then have joined convoy No. 419 to Mako and then convoy No. 236 (arrived Moji 24 July).

[2] That same day, KIYO MARU may have departed in unescorted convoy No. 461 consisting of one unidentified merchant ship.

[3] The convoy may have been escorted by Vichy French frigate La PEROUSE. If so, it departed at 0730 at 8.5 knots.

Photo credit goes to Allan Alsleben of Oregon. General thanks to Gilbert Casse of France.

- Bob Hackett and Peter Cundall.


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