(Sister of KENZAN MARU)
IJA KENZAN MARU:
Tabular Record of Movement
© 2013-2016 Bob Hackett
Shooter´s Island, New York. Laid down at Standard Shipbuilding Corp.
as a 4,705-ton cargo ship for the United States Government Shipping Board.
Launched and named SHOOTER’s ISLAND.
21 February 1921:
Arrives at Ellis Island, New York from Leghorn,
In cargo service between Cork, Ireland and New York.
Sold to Kokusai Kisen (International Steamship Co. Ltd.), K. K.,
Kobe. Renamed KENZAN MARU.
16 November 1941:
Requisitioned by the Imperial Army (IJA) and converted
to a troop transport. Allotted Army No. 956.
18 December 1941: The Invasion of the Northern Philippines:
KENZAN MARU departs Mako, Pescadores for Lingayen Gulf, Philippines in Rear
Admiral (later Vice Admiral) Rear Admiral Nishimura Shoji's (39)(former CO of
HARUNA) 2nd Lingayen Invasion Unit with 27 other IJA transports carrying the 7th
Tank Regiment and an infantry regiment of the 48th Infantry Division escorted by
DesRon 2's light cruiser NAKA, DesDiv 9's ASAGUMO, MINEGUMO, NATSUGUMO,
minesweepers W-9, W-10, W-11, W-12, W-17 and W-18 and subchasers CH-4, CH-5,
CH-6, CH-10, CH-11, CH-12, CH-16 , CH-17 and CH-18.
The Japanese main invasion at Lingayen Gulf consists of three transport
echelons. The first is composed of 27 transports from Takao under Rear Admiral
Hara Kensaburo, the second of 28 transports under Rear Admiral Nishimura and the
third of 21 transports from Keelung under Rear Admiral Hirose Sueto. This force
of 76 transports carries the main part of LtGen Homma Masaharu's 80,000-man 14th
24 December 1941:
KENZAN MARU and Rear Admiral Nishimura's 2nd
Lingayen Invasion Unit arrive at Caba, Lingayen Gulf between 0110 and 0430. At
0530, LtGen Dobashi's 2nd Lingayen Invasion Unit begins landing troops.
30 April 1942:
KENZAN MARU departs Saigon, Vichy French Indochina for
Mako, Pescadores in a convoy also consisting of KEIZAN, KINJO (KINSEI), NITTAI and
SHINYO MARUs escorted by minelayers KAMOME and TSUBAME.
9 May 1942:
Arrives at Mako.
28 May 1942:
Arrives at Mako. At 1200, departs Mako for Ujina in
convoy No. 216 also consisting of SAIHO, PENANG, MIYADONO, SUEZ, KENZAN, IIDA,
HOKUSHIN and SANFUKU MARUs and FUKUEI MARU No. 2 escorted by destroyer SANAE and
31 May 1942:
NW of Amami-O-Shima. The convoy detects an enemy
submarine. Minelayer TSUBAME arrives on the scene and she and TAKASHIMA drop
depth charges. No submarine attacks develop.
3 June 1942:
Arrives at Ujina (Hiroshima).
19 July 1942: At 1900, KENZAN MARU departs Mako in convoy No. 236 also
consisting of ARABIA, CHICAGO, GENOA, HIBARI, IKOMA, IKUSHIMA, ISUZU, KAISHO,
KIYO, MADRAS. MANKO, MANSHU, NISHIYAMA (SEIZAN) and UMEKAWA,MARUs and BANEI MARU
No. 7 and DAIGEN MARU No. 3 and tanker TAKASAGO MARU escorted by auxiliary
gunboat DELHI MARU.
26 July 1942:
Arrives at Yokohama.
7 December 1942:
KENZAN MARU departs Saeki in Military Movement No.
8’s convoy "F" also consisting of AKAGISAN, FUKOKU and SHIRAHA MARUs and SHINSEI
MARU No. 17 escorted by YURIJIMA and patrol boat PB-31.
E 9 December 1942:
The escorts are detached at 27N.
13 January 1943:
KENZAN MARU departs Palau in a convoy also consisting
of HOEISAN, GENOA SHIRAH, and MARUs escorted by subchaser CH-20 and auxiliary
subchasers SHOWA MARU and GANJITSU MARU No. 1.
14 January 1943:
At 1150, LtCdr (later Rear Admiral-Ret) Hiram
Cassedy's (USNA ’31) USS SEARAVEN (SS-196 ) torpedoes and sinks SHIRAHA MARU
carrying 137 passengers at 09-32N, 130-42E. 16 passengers, three gunners and
eight crewmen are KIA. SEARAVEN also torpedoes and sinks auxiliary subchaser
GANJITSU MARU No. 1
18 January 1943:
Arrives at Manila.
4 May 1943:
NUWAJIMA departs Saeki with minesweeper W-17 escorting
convoy K-508 consisting of TAISHO, KENZAN, YURI, KINE and CHOSEN MARUs.
E 5 May 1943:
NUWAJIMA is detached at 29N.
25 May 1943:
KENZAN MARU departs Palau in unnumbered convoy also
consisting of IJA transport PACIFIC and YAMAFUKU MARUs and an unidentified
merchant ship escorted by subchaser CH-24.
1 June 1943:
At 0525, arrives at Rabaul.
20 July 1943:
At 1200, KENZAN MARU departs Palau in convoy
FU-006 also consisting of ERIE, INARI, KAMO, KINKASAN and NISSHU MARUs escorted by
patrol boat PB-46 and minesweeper W-17.
E 21 July 1943:
At 10N, PB-46 and W-17 are detached.
E 29 July 1943:
The escort of convoy FU-006 is joined by minelayer
NUWAJIMA and auxiliary minesweeper TAMA MARU No. 7 at 30N, 134E. At 1500, the
convoy arrives at Fukajima.
13 September 1943:
KENZAN MARU arrives at Singapore. 
21 September 1943:
In port at Singapore.
4 October 1943:
At Batavia, Java (Jakarta, Indonesia) awaiting escort.
18 October 1943:
At 1000, departs Balikpapan for Palau in convoy No.
2609 also consisting of fleet oiler TSURUMI and KENZAN, DAI (ex-Dutch DUYMAER
VAN TWIST) MARUs and OGURA MARU No. 2 (unconfirmed) and three other unidentified
20 October 1943:
At 0800, DAI MARU breaks down and is assisted by
auxiliary subchaser CHa-41.
21 October 1943:
At 1000, KENZAN and DAI MARUs and CHa-41 are
detached for Menado.
4 November 1943:
At 1830, oiler SEIAN MARU departs Balikpapan in
convoy 2610 also consisting of fleet oiler SATA and tankers SHOYU and KYOEI
MARUs escorted by destroyer SANAE and auxiliary subchaser CHa-37.
6 November 1943: Auxiliary subchaser CHa-37 is detached.
7 November 1943:
KENZAN MARU joins the convoy.
10 November 1943:
Arrives at Palau.
19 November 1943:
KENZAN departs Palau in convoy SO-904 also
consisting of HOZUGAWA, RYUKO and TASMANIA MARUs escorted by subchasers CH-37
and CH-38. RYUKO MARU is towing a midget supply submarine. During the voyage
south the convoy is plagued by submarine attacks.
25 November 1943:
At 1025, LtCdr Oscar Hagberg's (USNA ’31) USS
ALBACORE (SS-218) torpedoes and sinks KENZAN MARU at 00-51N, 146-00E. Seven
crewmen are KIA.
 On 27 Sep ‘43, in Operation "Jaywick", the Royal
Australian Navy's (RAN) Special Operations Executive organized a limpet mine
attack on Japanese shipping at Singapore. The RAN used former Japanese fishing
boat KOFUKU MARU, renamed KRAIT. On 2 Sep, a small group of Allied servicemen
sailed from Exmouth Gulf, Western Australia through the Java Sea. On 18 Sep,
three two-man canoes launched a night attack at Singapore. KENZAN MARU,
although probably present, was not damaged in the attack. For more on this see
Thanks go to Erich Muehlthaler of Germany.
- Bob Hackett
to IJA Transports