SENSUIKAN!

I-70 after 12 May 1941 collision

HIJMS Submarine I-70: Tabular Record of Movement

2001-2010 Bob Hackett & Sander Kingsepp

Revision 2


25 January 1933:
Sasebo Navy Yard. Laid down.

14 June 1934:
Launched. The ceremony is attended by Vice Admiral (later Admiral, Navy Minister) Yonai Mitsumasa (29), the commandant of Sasebo Naval Base.

28 February 1935:
LtCdr Iwagami Hidetoshi (46) is appointed Chief Equipping Officer.

9 November 1935:
I-70 is completed and attached to Kure Naval District. She is assigned to SubDiv 12 as the new division flagship. LtCdr Ohata Tadashi (50) is appointed CO.

15 November 1938:
LtCdr Izu Juichi (51)(former CO of I-123) is appointed CO.

24 August 1939:
Placed in third reserve. During a refit at Kure, the submarine is fitted with a Type 93 passive sonar and an improved attack computer.

30 October 1940:
Cdr Sano Takao (50)(former CO of RO-28 and I-63) is appointed CO.

26 January 1941:
Captain (Rear Admiral, posthumously) Nakaoka Nobuki's (45), ComSubDiv 12 flag is transferred to I-69.

30 March 1941:
I-70 is reappointed the flagship of SubDiv 12.

12 May 1941:
I-69 collides with I-70. I-70 suffers a long gash forward in her starboard tanks almost back to the conning tower and I-69 suffers a damaged bow. Both submarines return to Yokosuka for repairs.

15 May 1941:
SubDiv 12's flag is transferred to I-68.

November 1941: Operation Z:
I-70 is in Vice Admiral Shimizu Mitsumi's (former CO of ISE) Advance Expeditionary Force (Sixth Fleet) with Rear Admiral (later Vice Admiral) Miwa Shigeyoshi's (former CO of CL KINU) SubRon 3 in Captain (Rear Admiral, posthumously) Nakaoka Nobuki's (later CO of ATAGO) SubDiv 12 with I-68 and I-69.

Admiral Shimizu convenes a meeting of all his commanders aboard his flagship, light cruiser KATORI. Cdr Sano and the other commanders are briefed on the planned attack on Pearl Harbor.

11 November 1941:
Departs Saeki in company of I-68.

20 November 1941:
Arrives at Kwajalein. Refuels and reprovisions.

23 November 1941:
Departs Kwajalein for Hawaii.

2 December 1941:
The coded signal "Niitakayama nobore (Climb Mt. Niitaka) 1208" is received from Combined Fleet. It signifies that hostilities will commence on 8 December (Japan time).[1]

7 December 1941: The Attack on Pearl Harbor:
SubRon 3's mission is to reconnoiter and attack any ships that try to sortie from Pearl Harbor. SubDiv 12 is assigned to patrol between 25 and 50 miles S of Oahu. I-70 is stationed 10 miles from the entrance to Pearl Harbor. At midnight, she fails to answer the radio call sent by KATORI. [2]

9 December 1941:
4 miles SW of Diamond Head, Oahu, Hawaii. At 0130 Cdr Sano reports an American carrier (USS ENTERPRISE (CV-6) arriving at Pearl Harbor. This is the last signal received from I-70.

10 December 1941:
I-6 reports sighting a LEXINGTON-class aircraft carrier and two cruisers heading NE. Vice Admiral Shimizu in KATORI at Kwajalein orders SubRon 1 and other boats to pursue and sink the carrier.

121 miles NE of Cape Halava, Molokai, Hawaiian Islands. After 0600 in the morning, Ens Perry L. Teaff's Douglas SBD-2 "Dauntless" dive-bomber of VS-6 from USS ENTERPRISE (CV-6) attacks I-70 on the surface and scores a near-miss with a 1,000-lb bomb that damages the submarine, preventing her submerging.

In the afternoon, another SBD of VS-6 flown by Lt (jg) Clarence E. Dickinson Jr. sights a surfaced submarine in the same area. Dickinson climbs to 5,000 ft for a diving attack. His plane is sighted from the submarine, which commences a slow turn to starboard, opening fire from her 13-mm machine guns. [3]

The bomb dropped from the "Dauntless" lands right beside the submarine, amidships. Its explosion throws several gunners over board. I-70 stops and starts to settle on the even keel, disappearing underwater about 45 seconds after the explosion at 23-45N, 155-35W.

When Dickinson returns to the scene of the sinking, he sights four IJN sailors flailing in the water. A bubble of oil and foamy water appears on the surface, followed by two more bubbles, containing oil and debris.

I-70 is the first Japanese combatant ship sunk by United States aircraft during World War II and the first fleet submarine lost in the Pacific War.

Sixth Fleet's headquarters tries to contact I-70, even after the other subs of her division return to Kwajalein. The effort is unsuccessful. I-70 is presumed lost with all 93 hands off Hawaii.

15 March 1942:
Removed from the Navy List.


Authors' Notes:
[1] Mt. Niitaka, located in Formosa (now Taiwan), was then the highest point in the Japanese Empire.

[2] On 7 Dec '41, while enroute from ENTERPRISE to Pearl Harbor with a flight of 18 planes, Lt Dickinson was shot down by an A6M "Zeke" fighter of the Pearl Harbor Attack Force. His rear gunner was KIA, but Dickinson survived to sink I-70 three days later.

[3] Dickinson reported that the submarine he attacked had fired back from no less than two deck guns, while I-70 had only one.

Thanks go to Dr. Higuchi Tatsuhiro of Japan.

Photo credit goes to Matthew Jones.

Bob Hackett and Sander Kingsepp.

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