(Hashidate Maru under way)
IJN HASHIDATE MARU:
Tabular Record of Movement
© 2008-2010 Bob Hackett and Peter Cundall.
17 September 1944 :
10 May 1944:
Kobe. Laid down at Kawasaki Shipbuilding as a 9,898-ton Standard Merchant 1TL tanker for Nippon Kaiyo Gyogyo K.K., Tokyo
Launched and named HASHIDATE MARU.
31 October 1944:
4 November 1944:
5 November 1944:
Arrives at Tokuyama. Probably takes on fuel for her maiden voyage south.
6 November 1944:
8 November 1944:
Arrives at Kobe.
14 November 1944:
Departs Imari Bay for Singapore in convoy HI-81 consisting of HASHIDATE, SHINSHU, KIBITSU, AKITSU, ARITA, OTOWASAN, KIYOKAWA, MAYASAN, MIRII and TOA MARUs escorted by escort carrier SHINYO, destroyer KASHI and kaibokan ETOROFU (F), TSUSHIMA, DAITO, KUME, SHONAN, CD-9 and CD-61. The convoy stops overnight at Goto Island.
15 November 1944:
Departs Goto Island. Escort carrier SHINYO takes up position at the rear of the center of three columns of vessels. At 1156, LtCdr (later Rear Admiral) Charles E. Loughlin's USS QUEENFISH (SS-393) torpedoes and sinks AKITSU MARU with the loss of 2,046 men of the IJA's 64th Infantry Regiment and other units aboard. SHINYO's planes attempt to locate and destroy the submarine, but fail to find her.
16 November 1944:
Off Korea. The convoy anchors near Strange Island and shelters there.
17 November 1944:
At 0800, convoy HI-81 departs for the Shushan Islands near Shanghai. At 1815, USS PICUDA (SS-382) torpedoes and sinks MAYASAN MARU with the loss 3,482 including crew and troops of the 4,500 men and 204 horses of IJA’s 23rd Division she was carrying. At 2309, LtCdr Gordon W. Underwood’s USS SPADEFISH (SS-411) torpedoes and sinks escort carrier SHINYO. Escort destroyer KASHI counterattacks with uncertain results.
18 November 1944:
At 0315, kaibokan TSUSHIMA attacks a submarine with fifteen depth-charges. At 1600, the convoy arrives at an anchorage E of Shanghai.
21 November 1944:
The convoy departs for Mako, Pescadores.
23 November 1944:
Formosa Srait. The convoy anchors in the Nanjih Channel.
24 November 1944:
At 0730 departs the Nanjih area.
26 November 1944:
Arrives at Mako.
27 November 1944:
At 1600, convoy HI-81 departs Mako for Singapore. It now consists of HASHIDATE, OTOWASAN, ARITA and TOA MARUs escorted by kaibokan ETOROFU (F), KUME, CD-9 and CD-61 and escort destroyer KASHI.
4 December 1944:
Arrives at Singapore.
12 December 1944:
At 1600, HASHIDATE MARU departs Singapore in convoy HI-82 consisting of tankers OMUROSAN, OTOWASAN, ARITA and PALEMBANG MARUs escorted by kaibokan ETOROFU, SHONAN, KUME, CD-9 and CD-19. OTOWASAN MARU carries a cargo of gasoline.
17 December 1944:
Arrives at Camranh Bay.
19 December 1944:
Departs Camranh Bay.
22 December 1944:
25 miles E of Quang Ngai, Indo-China. At 0550, OMUROSAN, OTOWASAN and ARITA MARUs are torpedoed by LtCdr George W. Grider's USS FLASHER (SS-249). All three tankers burst into flames. At 0550, after being hit amidships by two torpedoes, OMUROSAN MARU sinks at 15-02N, 109-08E. OTOWASAN and ARITA MARUs also sink.
23 December 1944:
HASHIDATE and PALEMBANG MARUs escorted by kaibokan CD-32 arrive at Yulin, Hainan Island.
24 December 1944:
HASHIDATE MARU departs Yulin for Takao with PALEMBANG MARU escorted by kaibokan CD-32. Soon after departure, C-32 is detached to investigate the wreck of USS DARTER (SS-227) that grounded on Bombay Shoal. At 0900, HASHIDATE and PALEMBANG MARUs arrive at Takao.
At Takao, HASHIDATE MARU offloads 16,000-tons of oil, then departs for Singapore.
10 January 1945:
Takao, Formosa. HASHIDATE MARU joins convoy HI-87 consisting of fleet oiler KAMOI and tankers SARAWAK, MATSUSHIMA, MITSUSHIMA MARUs escorted by destroyer SHIGURE, kaibokan MIYAKE, KANJU, KURAHASHI, NOMI, SHINNAN, YASHIRO, CD-13, CD-60 and CD-205. At 1700, the convoy departs Takao for Mako, Pescadores. At 1830, MITSUSHIMA MARU suffers an engine breakdown and returns to Takao.
12 January 1945:
At 0600, TENEI MARU's steering breaks down and ship is escorted by CD-60 to Hong Kong. Soon after, the rest of the convoy is advised of a pending air raid on Mako and turns about and heads for Hong Kong.
13 January 1945:
At 1100, enters Hong Kong port.
15 January 1945:
At 0915, carrier aircraft begin attacks that harry the ships all day, but they escape major damage, but
HASHIDATE MARU is damaged by near misses and moves to the dockyard for repairs.
16 January 1945:
Kyuryu (Kowloon) dockyard, Hong Kong. The air attacks continue from 0820. HASHIDATE MARU is damaged slightly by near misses. A gas explosion in one of the tanks badly damages the ship. At 1240, KAMOI and TENEI MARU both suffer direct hits. At 1540, MATSUSHIMA MARU suffers a direct hit and is set on fire. At 1644, NOMI suffers damage to her aft gun platform from a near miss. At 1830, the battle ends. The Japanese claim 22 aircraft shot down, but acknowledge serious damage to three tankers and light damage to three escorts.
1 February 1945:
Departs Hong Kong in convoy with four Type 2TE tankers. Soon after, she strikes a mine and begins to settle. Emergency repairs contain the flooding.
11 February 1945:
Arrives at Ta Yang Shan.
15 February 1945:
Departs Ta Yang Shan and later that day arrives at Ssu Chiao Shan. Further repairs undertaken.
20 February 1945:
Departs Ssu Chiao Shan and later that day arrives at Woosung.
27 February 1945:
Departs Woosung and later that day arrives at Shanghai.
15 March 1945:
17 March 1945:
Arrives in Ma-An sea area and anchors.
18 March 1945:
Departs Ma An sea area. Later that day arrives at Katengdo On (Katoku Strait).
19 March 1945:
Departs Katengdo On and later that day arrives at Mursure Jima. Later that day shifts to Moji.
21 March 1945:
23 March 1945:
Arrives at Osaka.
15 August 1945:
Osaka. Awaiting repairs at war's end.
HASHIDATE MARU is surrendered to Allied Forces.
Innoshima. Begins reconversion to a whale factory ship by Hitachi Zosen.
Nippon Kaiyo Gyogyo K. K. is restyled Nippon Suisan K. K., Tokyo.
Innoshima. Refrigeration machinery is installed at Hitachi Zosen.
Work is completed
Sold to Iino Kaiun for Yen 45,000,000.
2 August 1951:
Maizuru. Begins reconversion to an oil tanker at Iino Kogyo's yard.
Owner Iino Kaiun charters HASHIDATE MARU to Standard Oil of California. Makes three voyages from the Persian Gulf and Indonesia carrying crude oil to California.
7 July 1962:
Sold to Naigai Kisen K.K., Tokyo.
20 April 1965:
Sold for scrapping.
It is unclear when Iino Kaiun acquired HASHIDATE MARU from Nippon Kaiyo Gyogyo K.K.
- Bob Hackett and Peter Cundall.
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