(HAKONE MARU prewar)
This class consists of HAKONE, HARUNA, HAKOZAKI and HAKUSAN MARUs
all completed between Nov ‘21 and Sep ’23 for Nippon Yusen K.K. (NYK) as
refrigerated passenger/cargo ships. Placed on NYK European routes before
the Pacific war, they were all requisitioned: HAKONE and HARUNA served as
IJA transports, HAKUSAN and HAKOZAKI were first converted by the IJN as
Harbor Affairs vessels (aka command ships) and later rerated auxiliary
transports. HARUNA MARU ran aground and was lost in Jul ’42. The others
were bombed or torpedoed and sunk between Nov ’43 and Mar ’45.
|Builder and Years Completed:
||Nagasaki. Mitsubishi Zosen K.K. shipyard
||10,380-tons to 10,423-tons |
||520' LOA x 62' x 29.2'
||Steam turbines, 2 shafts, 4,800 s.h.p.
||14.5 cruising, 16.5 max.
||HAKUSAN and HAKOZAKI MARUs: As Harbor
Affair vessels: Two Type 3 8cm/40 HA deck guns, two Type 93 13mm
MGs, one 90cm searchlight, one 2,5m rangefinder.|
transports: One 8cm/40 deck gun, one Type 93 13mm MG, one 7.7 MG,
one 90cm searchlight and depth-charges.
HAKONE and HARUNA MARUs: – Unknown.