(Standard 2AT Tanker KENJO MARU by Ueda Kihachiro)

Tabular Record of Movement

© 2011-2012 Bob Hackett

Koyagishima. Laid down at the Kawaminami Kogyo K. K. shipyard as a 6,944-ton Type 2A Standard Cargo Ship for Nippon Yusen K.K. (NYK), Tokyo.

Converted to a Standard 2AT Tanker while on the ways.

Launched and named ENCHO MARU

November 1944:

30 November 1944:
At 0900, ENCHO MARU departs Moji for Singapore in convoy MI-29 consisting of CLYDE, BRAZIL, AKISHIMA, MEIRYU, HAWAII, ENOURA, DAII, SHINYU, and KAZUURA MARUs, HOSHI MARU No. 11 and KONAN MARU No. 1 and tankers ENGEN, AKIKAWA and ENKEI MARUs escorted by destroyer ASAGAO, kaibokan KANJU, IKUNA, SHINNAN and CD-41, CD-66, subchaser CH-28 and auxiliary subchaser CHa-223.

2 December 1944:
LtCdr Ralph C. Style's USS SEA DEVIL (SS-400) torpedoes and sinks HAWAII and AKIKAWA MARUs at 30-24N 128-17E. KONAN MARU No.1 rescues survivors from AKIKAWA MARU. The convoy formation breaks up.

BRAZIL MARU goes to Keelung. ENCHO, DAII and ENGEN MARUs and another ship go to Koniya, Amami-Oshima and CLYDE MARU, HOSHI MARU No. 11 with IKUNA go to Takao. Later, the Koniya ships rejoin at Takao, but at this point the convoy is officially dissolved.

27 December 1944:
ENCHO MARU departs Takao for Singapore in convoy HI-85 also consisting of TEIHOKU (ex-French PERSEE), DAINAN, ENKEI, DAIGYO, ENGEN, YAMAZAWA, OESAN, FUEI, OEI, SHINGI, SERIA MARUs and cargo ship SHINYU MARU escorted by light cruiser KASHII and kaibokan DAITO, UKURU, TSUSHIMA, CD-23, CD-51 and CD-27.

28 December 1944:
TSUSHIMA and TEIHOKU are detached from the convoy and make for Yulin, Hainan Island. At some point, ENGEN and OTSUSAN MARUs are probably detached and head directly for Singapore.

South China Sea. At 1725, minesweeper W-101 joins HI-85’s escort.

30-31 December 1944:
On both days, sporadic attacks by B-24s are beaten off without loss.

1 January 1945:
At 1720, convoy arrives Qui Nhon Bay.

2 January 1945:
Departs Qui Nhon Bay. That evening, the convoy anchors at Nha Trang Bay, Indochina.

3 January 1945:
At 0730, the convoy departs Nha Trang. While proceeding south, near the east entrance of Hainan Straits, the convoy is attacked by one PB4Y (B-24). One bomb hits TEIHOKU MARU. She and escort TSUSHIMA are detached to Yulin for repairs.

4 January 1945:
At 1030, convoy HI-85 arrives at Cape St. Jacques where it is ordered dissolved.

31 January 1945: At 0800, ENCHO MARU departs Singapore convoy HI-88C consisting of transport OESAN MARU escorted by kaibokan MIYAKE and KANJU and minesweeper W-20.

8 February 1945:
In the evening, the convoy arrives and anchors in Quinhon Bay, Indochina.

9 February 1945:
In the early morning, the convoy departs Quinhon Bay.

11 February 1945:
MIYAKE is damaged by aircraft at 19-08N, 108-15E.

12 February 1945:
At 1800, arrives at Zensui Bay, China.

13 February 1945:
At 0500, the convoy departs Zensui Bay.

16 February 1945:
The convoy arrives at Quemoy.

17 February 1945:
In the early morning, departs Quemoy. That evening, arrives at Nanhi Island.

18 February 1945:
At 0700, departs Nanhi Island.

21 February 1945:
The convoy arrives at the mouth of the Yangtse River. ENCHO MARU, MIYAKE and W-20 are detached and arrive at Shanghai later that day. ENCHO MARU discharges 3,500 tons of fuel oil or half her cargo.

25 February 1945:
At 1000, ENCHO MARU departs Shanghai escorted by kaibokan MIYAKE and minesweeper W-20.

2 March 1945:
The convoy arrives at Moji. ENCHO MARU discharges the remaining 3,500 tons of her oil cargo plus some raw rubber.

April 1945:
ENCHO MARU is reconverted to dry cargo service.

1 June 1945:
Osaka. 458 B-29 “Super Fortress” heavy bombers of the USAAF 20th Air Force raid the port. ENCHO MARU, laid up at the Hitachi Dock Yard, is badly burned out.

September 1945: War Ends:
Found undergoing repairs.

Sold to Nissho Kisen K.K., Tokyo. Renamed NISSHO MARU.

Sold to Daiwa Kaiun K.K., Osaka.

Broken up at Onomichi.

-Bob Hackett

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