(Standard 2AT Tanker KENJO MARU by Ueda Kihachiro)

Tabular Record of Movement

© 2011 Bob Hackett

E 1943:
Kobe. Laid down at the Mitsubishi Jukogyo K.K shipyard as a 6,923-ton Type 2A Standard Cargo Ship for Nippon Yusen K.K. (NYK), Tokyo.

E 1944:
Converted to a Standard 2AT Tanker while on the ways; however, remained usable for dry cargoes.

Launched and named EIWA MARU

3 September 1944:

September 1944:
Departs Hiroshima in an unidentified convoy transporting troops to Fusan (Pusan).

September 1944:
Arrives at Hataka.

October 1944:
Departs Japan for Hong Kong in an unidentified convoy.

27 October 1944:
At 1958, EIWA MARU departs Hong Kong for Takao in convoy HOMA-1 also consisting of HAMBURG, YASUKUNI, SHINETSU and KANETSU MARUs and NISSHO MARU No. 18 escorted by minesweeper W-20, subchasers CH-30, CH-33 and auxiliary subchaser CHa-41.

30 October 1944:
At 1358, convoy HOMA-1 arrives at Takao.

1 November 1944:
At 1800, EIWA MARU departs Takao for Manila in convoy MOMA-06 consisting of transport HAMBURG MARU, tanker SHIMOTSU, TOTTORI, ASOKAWA, ATLAS, DAITOKU, SHINSHO, KAKOGAWA, SEKIHO and SEIWA MARUs escorted by old destroyer KURETAKE, kaibokan CD-7, CD-1, CD-3, minesweeper W-27, subchaser CH-41 and fleet supply ship KURASAKI.

2 November 1944:
At 2305, LtCdr John B. Hess’ (USNA ’37) USS POMFRET (SS-391) torpedoes and damages ATLAS MARU.

3 November 1944:
At 0435, Hess attacks ATLAS MARU again, but misses. At 0500, POMFRET also torpedoes and damages HAMBURG MARU. At 1850, one of the escorts scuttles her.

4 November 1944:
About 1330, ATLAS MARU goes aground. Torpedo boat SAGI arrives from Takao and joins the escort.

8 November 1944:
Off Cape Bolinaro, Luzon. LtCdr Guy E. O'Neil, Jr’s (USNA ’37) USS GUNNEL (SS-253) torpedoes and sinks SAGI. The convoy later arrives at Santa Cruz, Philippines. Warned of a typhoon in the area, the convoy departs the same day and arrives at Manila Bay at 2238.

9 November 1944:
At 0925, convoy MOMA-06 arrives at Manila harbor. Docks at Pier No. 7.

13 November 1944:
Manila. More than 350 carrier planes of Rear Admiral (later Admiral) Frederick C. Sherman’s (USNA ’10)(former CO of LEXINGTON, CV-2) Task Force 38’s carrier task groups 38.1's USS HORNET (CV-12), MONTEREY (CVL-26) and COWPENS (CVL-25), TG 38.3's ESSEX (CV-9), TICONDEROGA (CV-14) and LANGLEY (CVL-27) and TG 38.4's ENTERPRISE (CV-6) and SAN JACINTO (CVL-30) attack shipping and port facilities.

Plannes bomb and sink EIWA MARU with 1,000 troops, tanks, war material, drummed oils and gasoline aboard at 14-35N,120-55E.

The planes also sink light cruiser KISO, destroyers HATSUHARU and OKINAMI and auxiliary subchaser CHa-116 and merchant tankers KINKA, KAKOGAWA, SEKIHO and TEIYU MARUs and cargo ships TAITOKU, HATSU, SEIWA and SHINKOKU MARUs and damage destroyer USHIO.

- Bob Hackett

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