KAIBOKAN!

(Type C Escort by Takeshi Yuki scanned from "Color Paintings of Japanese Warships")

IJN Escort CD-82:
Tabular Record of Movement

2009-2011 Bob Hackett and Peter Cundall

Revision 2


6 September 1944:
Nagasaki. Laid down at Mitsubishi Heavy Industries, Ltd.

18 November 1944:
Launched and numbered CD-82.

31 December 1944:
Completed and registered in the IJN. Lt Mori Takeshi is the Commanding Officer. Attached to Kure Naval District. Assigned to Kure Guard Force. Transferred to Saeki Bay soon thereafter.

4-11 February 1945:
Crimea (now in Ukraine). At the Yalta Conference, held between the US, UK and the Soviet Union, Premier Josef Stalin agrees to attack Japan within 90 days after the defeat of Germany.

16 February 1945:
CD-82 and destroyer TSUBAKI and kaibokan CD-55 and CD-39 depart Moji in convoy MOTA-38 consisting of SEISHU MARU and four unidentified merchant ships.

20 February 1945:
Arrives at Ssu Chiao Shan (Shushan (Chusan) Islands).

21 February 1945:
Departs Ssu Chiao Shan.

23 February 1945:
The convoy arrives at Takao.

2 March 1945:
At 1900, HI-92 then consisting only of oiler TOJO MARU escorted by kaibokan CD-25 anchors off Swatow and is joined either on this date or earlier by CD-82.

3 March 1945:
At 0800, departs Swatow.

5 March 1945:
At 1300, arrives Ssu Chiao Shan.

8 March 1945:
At 1430, departs Ssu Chiao Shan.

10 March 1945:
At 1700, arrives at Pusan.

11 March 1945:
At 1630, convoy HI-92 arrives at Moji.

25 April 1945:
Assigned to the General Escort Command's First Escort Fleet's 102nd Escort Squadron.

5 July 1945:
Reassigned to the 2nd Coast Defense Group.

8 May 1945: V-E Day:
Berlin. Germany surrenders unconditionally to the Allies.

8 August 1945:
Moscow. The Soviet Union declares that from 9 August 1945, the Soviet Government will consider itself to be at war with Japan. CD-82 departs Genzan, Korea (now Wonsan), to rescue the survivors from RASHIN MARU, torpedoed by USS PARGO (SS-264).

9 August 1945:
Carrying out Stalin's pledge at Yalta, Marshal Aleksandr Vasilevsky, CINC, Soviet Far East Forces, launches Operation "August Storm", the invasion of Japanese-held Manchuria (Manchukuo). The attack is made by three Soviet army groups ("fronts") comprising 80 divisions of 1.5 million men.

Around 0800, CD-82's lookouts observe two Ilyushin IL-4T torpedo bombers, heading towards the Korean coast. The escort arrives to the scene of RASHIN MARU's sinking, but no survivors can be discovered. After 1200, CD-82 is suddenly targeted by two IL-4T torpedo bombers, attempting an "anvil attack", but both torpedoes miss. At 1300 LtCdr Mori orders to cancel the search and return to port.

After 2100, the crew of CD-82 is first informed about the outbreak of war with the Soviet Union. The escort makes an overnight stop in Orang Bay, S of Chongjin.

10 August 1945:
At 0300, CD-82 departs Orang Bay. LtCdr Mori receives the order to proceed to Rashin and escort all available transports to Genzan. At 1630 she rendezvouses with HYUGA MARU, escaping from Rashin. After learning that Rashin is under attack of the Soviet bombers, both vessels head for Genzan.

After 1700, CD-82 and HYUGA MARU are again unsuccessfully attacked by Soviet torpedo bombers. Expecting new attacks, LtCdr Mori orders HYUGA MARU to proceed to Genzan independently.

Sea of Japan. 7 miles SSW of Kumsudan, North Korea. A trio of Soviet twin-engine Ilyushin IL-4T three-man torpedo-bombers from the 49th Mine-Torpedo Air Regiment led by the Regiment's XO, Major G. D. Popovich, is on an armed reconaissance flight from Romanovka airfield near Vladivostok, Siberia. Each of the bombers carries one 45-cm (970-kg) aerial torpedo 45-36AN (a slightly modified Italian 45F design of 1927). The Soviets spot the kaibokan and HYUGA MARU (erroneously described as two vessels) she is escorting.

(Soviet Ilyushin IL-4T/DB-3A)

At about 1730 Maj Popovich and his wingmen attack, but CD-82's 25-mm AA gunners shoot down both wingmen and their torpedoes miss the ships. 2nd Lt Gromakov and his two crewmen are lost, but 2nd Lt Lazarev manages to ditch his aircraft and he and his crew swim safely ashore.

Popovich, experienced over Norwegian waters in 1942-43, makes a perfect approach. His navigator drops their torpedo and hits CD-82 in the stern. The explosion causes her depth charges to detonate. She sinks at 41-21N, 131-12E. Two hours later HYUGA MARU returns to the scene of attack and picks up 93 survivors, including the CO, LtCdr Mori Takeshi. 117 hands are lost. [1]

August 1945:
In less than two weeks, the Soviets defeat the depleted and ill-equipped Kwantung Army of over 600,000 men. [2]

15 September 1945:
Removed from the Navy List.


Authors' Note:
[1] CD-82 was the only Japanese warship sunk by Soviet torpedo-bombers at sea. For his success, Major Georgi Popovich was decorated with the Gold Star Medal of the Hero of the Soviet Union.

[2] After the defeat of Japan, the Kurile Islands and the southern part of Sakhalin, ceded to Japan by the Treaty of Portsmouth after the 1904-1905 Russo-Japanese War, were returned to the Soviet Union as agreed at Yalta.

Photo credit and thanks go to Max Y. Tokarev of Russia for info about the sinking of CD-82 based on research by Col. Miroslav Morozov.

-Bob Hackett and Peter Cundall


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