(Type C Escort by Takeshi Yuki scanned from "Color Paintings of Japanese Warships")

IJN Escort CD-38:
Tabular Record of Movement

2007-2016 Bob Hackett, Sander Kingsepp and Peter Cundall

Revision 3

2 April 1944:
Kobe. Laid down at Kawasaki Shipbuilding.

15 June 1944:
Launched and numbered CD-38.

31 July 1944:
Reserve LtCdr (Cdr, posthumously) Hayashi Munehito is appointed Chief Equipping Officer.

10 August 1944:
Kobe. Completed and registered in the Kure Naval District. Assigned to the Kure Guard Unit. Reserve LtCdr Hayashi Munehito is the CO.

30 August 1944:
At 1200 departs Kobe.

31 August 1944:
At 1300 arrives at Kure.

1 September 1944:
Kure Navy Base. CD-38 loads food and ammunition.

4 September 1944:
At 0430 departs Kure.

5 September 1944:
At 0800 arrives at Saiki. Participates in anti-submarine and anti-air training with CD-46 for about a month.

16 September 1944:
At 1900 departs Saiki.

17 September 1944:
At 1330 arrives back at Saiki.

21 September 1944:
At 0800 departs Saiki with CD-46 but at 1850 returns to port.

22 September 1944:
At 0500 departs Saiki with CD-46 but at 1630 arrives back at Saiki.

24 September 1944:
At 0630 departs Saiki with CD-46 but at 1800 returns to Saiki.

25 September 1944:
At 0630 departs Saiki with CD-46 but at 1600 returns to Saiki.

26 September 1944:
At 0650 departs Saiki with CD-46 but at 1130 returns to Saiki.

30 September 1944:
At 0630 departs Saiki with CD-46 but at 1805 returns to Saiki.

1 October 1944:
At 0355 departs Saiki with CD-46 and at 2153 arrives at Kure.

6 October 1944:
CD-38 is assigned to the General Escort Command's First Surface Escort Division.

8 October 1944:
At 0957 departs Kure.

9 October 1944:
At 1525 arrives at Moji.

15 October 1944:
At 1300 departs Moji.

16 October 1944:
At 1130 arrives at Sasebo.

18 October 1944:
At 0700, CD-38 departs Imari Bay near Sasebo via Cape St. Jacques, Indo-China for Miri with kaibokan CD-14, CD-20, CD-34, CD-39, CD-46 and patrol boats PB-38 and PB-102 escorting convoy MI-23 consisting of EBARA, MUNAKATA, HIKACHI (NISSHO), MATSUMOTO, KOSHIN, EININ, RITSUEI, YAMASONO, ENRYAKU (ENREKI), SHOEI, HIROTA, UNSEN, YOKAI and SHIROTAE MARUs and YUZAN MARU No. 2 and survey ship HAKUSA.

19 October 1944:
Off Sasebo. At 1600, escort CD-34 detects an unknown submarine 45 degrees to starboard at 3280 yards (3000 m). CD-38 attacks and drops about 30 depth charges. A friendly aircraft collaborates with the kaibokan. The kill is confirmed by a heavy-oil slick and many interior ship fittings found floating on the sea. CD-38's crew paints a submarine "kill" mark on side wall of the bridge.

20 October 1944:
Anchors in Raro Wan, Chosen (Korea). That same day, CD-38 is reassigned to the 12th Coast Defense Group.

22 October 1944:
At the Shushan anchorage, E of Shanghai.

24 October 1944:
75 miles ENE of Foochow, China. At 1000, HIROTA, UNZEN and YOKAI MARUs are detached for Takao escorted by PB-103 and PB-38.

25 October 1944:
Formosa Strait. At 0208, Cdr (later Rear Admiral-Ret) Richard H. O'Kane's (USNA 34) USS TANG (SS-306), running on the surface, torpedoes and sinks EBARA MARU at 25-04N, 119-35E. 11 crewmen are KIA. MATSUMOTO MARU, following behind EBARA MARU, alters course intent on ramming USS TANG, but one of the torpedoes fired at EBARA MARU strikes onrushing MATSUMOTO MARU's No. 1 hold. No casualties are sustained. Her bow plunges under and she comes to a halt. Two machine guns on her bridge open fire and drive the submarine under where the water depth is a mere 131 feet. [1]

The convoy speeds onward. CD-34 drops a few depth-charges. Nine American submariners are found drifting on the surface including Captain O'Kane. CD-34 rescues the survivors and delivers them to the Takao Guard Unit, Formosa. At 2000, the ships arrive at Chuanchow Bay where MATSUMOTO MARU is successfully grounded. However, she lists heavily.

26 October 1944:
MATSUMOTO MARU capsizes and becomes a constructive total loss. At 0600, the convoy anchors outside Amoy Harbor and departs the same day at 1800.

27 October 1944:
At 0907 arrives at Mako, Formosa. YUZAN MARU No. 2 is detached and an unidentified ship joins the convoy.

29 October 1944:
At 0700, the convoy departs Mako for Cape St. Jacques, Indochina.

30-31 October 1944:
Aircraft attack the convoy, but no damage is sustained.

4 November 1944:
At 1803, arrives at Cape St. Jacques.

5 November 1944:
At 1428 departs St Jacques with CD-14, CD-16 and CD-46 and at 1810 arrives at Saigon, Indochina. Engages in anti-air combat against Boeing B-29 "Super Fortress" heavy bombers.

8 November 1944:
At 0945 departs Saigon with CD-14, CD-16 and CD-46 and at 1315 arrives at St Jacques.

9 November 1944:
At 0235 departs St Jacques with kaibokan CD-14, CD-16 and CD-48 escorting convoy MI-23 then consisting of MUNAKATA, HIKACHI (NISSHO), KOSHIN, EININ, RITSUEI, YAMASONO, ENRYAKU (ENREKI), SHOEI and SHIROTAE MARUs and one unidentified merchant ship and survey ship HAKUSA.

12 November 1944:
At 1200 arrives at Singapore.

16 November 1944:
At 0947 departs Singapore for Saigon via St. Jacques with CD-14, CD-16 and CD-46. Enroute, the kaibokan engages in ASW operations.

18 November 1944:
At 1605 arrives at Saigon.

20 November 1944:
At 0655 CD-38 departs Saigon for Manila with three or four unidentified warships escorting convoy SAMA-14A consisting of Navy supply ship MAMIYA with a full load of ammunition. At 2012 the convoy arrives at St Jacques.

21 November 1944:
At 0356 the convoy departs St Jacques.

25 November 1944:
Off Corregidor, Manila Bay. About 2120, MAMIYA launches a blue signal flare. Just after the signal, CD-38 suffers an attack by LtCdr (later Cdr) Francis A. Greenup's (USNA 36) USS HARDHEAD (SS-365). In a night periscopic attack, Greenup fires a spread of four torpedoes and gets one hit just below CD-38's bridge. The forward part of the kaibokan sinks immediately at 14-22N, 119-57E. 85 crewmen are KIA including CO LtCdr Hayashi. 93 survivors from the aft part abandon ship and later are rescued by CD-46 and other ships and are taken to Manila.

10 January 1945:
Removed from the Navy List.

Authors' Note:
Most of this TROM was originally written in May 1981 by former IJN Chief Sailor Uenishi Takao.

[1] CD-34 claimed to have sunk USS TANG, but, in fact, the submarine was sunk in shallow water by one of her own defective Mark-18 torpedoes. In Nov '44, an expedition was sent to explore the submarine under Secret Secretariat Order No 021619. The expedition consisted of destroyer KURI and salvage ships KASUGA and NABARI MARUs. On 15 Nov '44, KURI located the wreck at 25-02-06N, 119-15 E. On 28 Nov '44, USS TANG's bow was marked with a buoy. Divers examined the outside of the wreck, but did not enter it. Bad weather and American aircraft activity forced the operation to be called off.

Special thanks go to Iwasaki Yutaka of Japan for help with this TROM. Thanks also go to Dr. Higuchi Tatsuhiro of Japan and Mr. Gilbert Casse of France. Thanks also go to reader Logan Smith.

-Bob Hackett, Sander Kingsepp and Peter Cundall

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