(Type C Escort by Takeshi Yuki scanned from "Color Paintings of Japanese Warships")

IJN Escort CD-18:
Tabular Record of Movement

© 2007-2012 Bob Hackett and Peter Cundall

Revision 3

1 November 1943:
Nagasaki. Laid down at Mitsubishi Heavy Industries’ shipyard.

11 January 1944:
Launched and numbered CD-18.

8 March 1944:
Completed and registered in the IJN. Attached to Sasebo Naval District. Assigned to Sasebo Guard Force.

28 April 1944:
At 0600, CD-18 departs Tokyo with kaibokan NOMI, CD-12, CD-22, minesweeper W-27 and submarine chasers CH-16 and CH-18 escorting "Higashi Matsu" Convoy No.7 (outbound) consisting of TATSUHARU, MITAKESAN, ASAHISAN, OKINAWA, YAMATAMA, BINGO, MEIRYU, MOJI and MIHO MARUs bound for Saipan; ASAKA MARU and landing ships T. 128 and T. 150 for Palau; KOSHIN and BOKUYO MARUs for Yap and TAITO MARU for Chichijima.

29 April 1944:
At 1230 W-27 is detached and returns to Nagaura.

May 1944:
The convoy's participants arrive safely at their destinations.

17 May 1944:
CD-18 departs Saipan for Tokyo with destroyer ASANAGI, kaibokan CD-24, torpedo-boat OTORI, auxiliary sub-chasers SHONAN MARU No. 8 and TAKUNAN MARU No. 10 escorting convoy No. 4517 consisting of ASAHISAN, TATSUHARU, YAMATAMA, SHOZAN, BINGO, MEIRYU, ENOSHIMA, MINO and MIHO MARUs. Soon after departing, YAMATAMA MARU runs aground and is detached from the convoy.

22 May 1944:
160 miles NW of Chichi-Jima. At 0327, at 28-12N 138-50E, flagship ASANAGI steaming about a mile ahead of the formation is torpedoed aft by LtCdr (later Rear Admiral-Ret) Bafford E. Lewellen‘s (USNA ’31) USS POLLACK (SS-180). She becomes unnavigable and goes dead in the water. Fires break out aft and she lists to starboard, before rolling over and sinking at 0405. 82 sailors are KIA.

24 May 1944:
Arrives at Tokyo at about 1730.

3 June 1944:
CD-18 departs Imari Bay for Miri, Borneo with minesweeper W-17, torpedo boat SAGI and patrol boat No. 38, auxiliary sub-chaser CHa-22 and two unidentified escorts escorting convoy MI-05 consisting of KENEI, HINAGA, NIPPO, FUYUKAWA, SURAKARUTA, TATSUJU, IKOMASAN and SHOEI MARUs, TOYO MARU No.3 and tankers TACHIBANA, NITTETSU, TOA, CERAM, SANKO (YAMAKO), AYAKIRI, AYANAMI, OEI, MARIFU, TOKUWA, TAKETSU (BUTSU), MARIFU and YAMAMIZU MARU No. 2 and fleet oiler NOTORO plus eleven other unidentified ships.

8 June 1944:
Arrives at Keelung. TOYO MARU No.3 is detached.

9 June 1944:
Departs Keelung.

11 June 1944:
The convoy is joined by cargo ships/transports ARIMASAN, MANILA, MIIKESAN and USSURI MARUs and tankers JINEI, BAIEI, SAN DIEGO MARUs and KYOEI MARU No. 8 from Takao. Minelayer MAESHIMA and auxiliary subchaser CHa-95 join the escort. TOA and SHOEI MARUs are detached.

13 June 1944:
LtCdr John D. Crowley's (USNA ’34) USS FLIER (SS-250) torpedoes and damages MARIFU MARU at 15-57N, 119-42E. She is taken in tow by MIIKESAN MARU. The ship later arrives at Manila and is detached from the convoy.

15 June 1944:
The convoy arrives Manila.

18 June 1944:
CD-18 departs Manila with kaibokan CD-14, torpedo boat SAGI, patrol boat PB-38, minesweeper W-17, minelayer MAESHIMA, auxiliary subchasers CHa-22 and CHa-95 and two unidentified warships escorting convoy MI-05 consisting of fleet oiler NOTORO, tankers TACHIBANA, SAN DIEGO, BAIEI, KENZUI, ATAGO, JINEI, AYANAMI, CERAM and TOKUWA MARUs, YAMAMIZU MARU No. 2, and KYOEI MARU No. 8 and cargo/transports ARIMASAN, HINAGA, NIPPO (ex-Swedish NINGPO), TATSUJU, SURAKARUTA, TEIFU (ex French BOUGAINVILLE), ROKKO, DAIZEN, MIIKESAN, NICHIYO, HIDA and SEIWA MARUs.

23 June 1944:
At 1257, arrives at Miri.

25 June 1944:
At 1915, CD-18 departs Miri for Singapore with torpedo boat SAGI, minesweeper W-17, subchaser CH-21 and auxiliary minesweepers CHOUN MARU No. 6 and TOSHI MARU No. 2 escorting convoy MISHI-03 consisting of fleet oiler NOTORO and SAN DIEGO, NICHIYO, HIDA, FUYUKAWA, AYANAMI, KYOEI No. 8, BAIEI, NIPPO (ex-Swedish NINGPO), DAIZEN, TEIFU (ex French BOUGAINVILLE), SEIWA, SURAKARTA, HINAGA, MANILA, ARIMASAN, ROKKO, TATSUTAMA (ex-American SS ADMIRAL Y. S. WILLIAMS), TOA, KENZUI and JINEI MARUs.

28 June 1944:
South China Sea. Off Singapore. At 2100, Cdr (later Rear Admiral) Reuben T. Whitaker’s (USNA ’34) USS FLASHER's (SS-249) radar picks up a convoy consisting of 13 merchants and several escorts. Whitaker, operating in relatively shallow water (150 feet) decides to wait until after the moon sets to make a surface attack.

29 June 1944:
At 0117, two or three torpedoes hit NIPPO MARU and two or three torpedoes hit NOTORO. NIPPO MARU carrying 628 troops and other passengers breaks in two and sinks by the bow. 87 passengers are killed. NOTORO remains afloat, but goes dead in the water. The escorts begin blindly dropping depth charges. Whitaker, still on the surface, leaves the area on four engines.

30 June 1944:
At 1437, arrives at Singapore.

4 July 1944:
At 0900 CD-18 departs Singapore for Miri with minesweeper W-17 and torped boat SAGI escorting convoy SHIMI-05 consisting of MEXICO, SAN DIEGO, ASAKA, OLYMPIA, TATSUBATO, HAKUSHIKA (HAKUROKU), RASHIN, KUROGANE MARUs and KYOEI MARU No.6.

10 July 1944:
At 1550 departs Miri in convoy MI-08 consisting of MEXICO, SAN DIEGO, ASAKA, OEI, TAKETSU (BUTSU), NITTETSU, YAMAKO (SANKO), SAN LUIS, OLYMPIA, TATSUBATO, RYUSHO, CHIHAYA, HAKUSHIKA (HAKUROKU), RASHIN, KUROGANE MARUs and KYOEI MARU No.6 also escorted by the torpedo boat SAGI, and minesweeper W 17.

11 July 1944:
At 1840 anchors at Kimanis Bay.

12 July 1944:
At 1015 TAKETSU (BUTSU) MARU is detached and returns to Miri. At 1300 departs Kimanis Bay.

16 July 1944:
At 0820 the torpedo boat HIYODORI and kaibokan MIKURA joins the escort but detach later the same day at 1400. At 2035 the convoy arrives at Manila.

23 July 1944:
At 1545, CD-18 departs Manila for Moji with torpedo boat SAGI, kaibokan CD-1, CD-28, minesweeper W-17, minelayer ENOSHIMA and subchaser CH-61 escorting convoy MI-08 consisting of MIZUHO, MANILA, ARABIA, TATSUBATO, HAKUSHIKA (HAKUROKU) MARUs and tankers SAN DIEGO, SAN LUIS, NITTETSU, MIRI, CHIHAYA, RYUSHO and SANKO (YAMAKO) MARUs and KYOEI MARU No. 6. The convoy speed is eight knots.

27 July 1944:
At 0920, auxiliary subchaser CHa-74 and auxiliary transport OYO MARU join the escort. At 1605, the convoy arrives at Takao and is again reorganized.

30 July 1944:
At 1800, CD-18 departs Takao with torpedo-boat SAGI, kaibokan CD-1, minesweeper W-17 and auxiliary netlayer KISHIN MARU escort the convoy that now consists of ZUIHO, CHIHAYA, SAN DIEGO, SAN LUIS, BOKO (ex British SAGRES), MANILA, SANKO, TSUYAMA, ARABIA, RYUSHO, MIRI, TATSUBATO, NITTETSU, YAGI, TOUN and EIHO MARUs. The convoy speed is 7 knots.

1 August 1944:
At 1400, the convoy arrives at Keelung after it is suspected that enemy submarines had gained contact.

4 August 1944:
At 1600, the convoy departs Keelung and heads up the Ryukyu Islands bound for the Kyushu.

9 August 1944:
N of Okinoshima. LtCdr (later Cdr) Robert A. Keating's (USNA ’33) USS BARBEL (SS-316) torpedoes and sinks IJA cargo ship YAGI MARU with three Gunners and 31 crewmen KIA and merchant cargo ship BOKO MARU (ex-British SAGRES) with unknown casualties at 27-56N, 128-47E. W-17 and CD-1 carry out an antisubmarine sweep and drop 21 depth charges that cause some damage to USS BARBEL. Afterwards, the convoy heads out of the area at full speed making evasive movements. At 1200, the convoy arrives at Koniya, Amami-O-Shima.

11 August 1944:
At 0400, the convoy departs Amami-O-Shima.

13 August 1944:
Arrives at Moji.

20 August 1944:
CD-18 together with kaibokan CD-5, CD-6, CD-9, sub-chaser CH-58 and auxiliary gunboat CHOHAKUSAN MARU depart Kirun in convoy TAMO-23 consisting of tankers TONAN MARU No.2, HORAI, MATSUMOTO MARUs and cargo ships/transports KIYOKAWA, SHINFUKU, NIKKO, TETSUYO MARUs and seven unidentified merchant ships.

26 August 1944:
Arrives at Moji.

27 August 1944:
At 0800, CD-18 departs Moji for Miri, Borneo with destroyers SHIOKAZE and KURETAKE, minesweeper W-17 and minelayer YURISHIMA escorting convoy MI-17 consisting of tankers NITTETSU and SHIMOTSU MARUs and cargo ships BAIKAL, AMAHI, DAITEN, NORWAY, ARAOSAN, NICHIZUI, HOKUREI, SHUYO, SORACHI MARUs and SHINYO MARU No. 8 and possibly YOZAN MARU, and two unidentified ships.

1 September 1944:
Arrives at Mako, Pescadores. SORACHI, NITTETSU MARUs and one unidentified ship are detached. An unidentified ship joins the convoy. The minelayer AOTAKA and minesweepers W-20 and W-41 join the escort.

4 September 1944:
Departs Mako.

6 September 1944:
At 1500, arrives at Aparri, Luzon. W-17, W-20 are detached.

10 September 1944:
Arrives at Manila. CD-18 is detached as well as many of the merchant ships including NORWAY, AMAHI, HOKUREI, BAIKAL, DAITEN, ARAOSAN MARUs and likely SHUYO and YOZAN MARUs.

16 September 1944:
CD-18 departs Yulin for Moji with kaibokan MIKURA, ETOROFU, CD-10 and CD-26 escorting the 1st echelon of reorganized convoy HI-72 consisting of ASAKA, KIBITSU, GOKOKU and KAGU MARUs.

20 September 1944:
Off Formosa. At 0110, USAAF B-24 "Liberator" heavy bombers attack the convoy’s first echelon (Moji-bound) at 23-20N, 119-12E. GOKOKU MARU is damaged by a direct hit and ASAKA MARU suffers a near miss aft. Both are towed into nearby Mako for repairs. The bombers also damage cargo vessel SHINCHO and KAGU MARUs. She heads for Takao for repairs escorted by CD-10, CD-11 and CD-20. Kaibokan MIKURA is damaged and towed to Mako by CD-18 assisted by CD 26.

30 September 1944:
MI-19 then consisting of IWAKUNI, YULIN, HAKUSHIKA (HAKUROKU), MITSU, DAIMEI, ARISAN, TEIFU (ex French BOUGAINVILLE), TASMANIA, SHINSEI, EIHO and DAIA MARUs departs Takao with KENEI, SAN LUIS and KOKURYU MARUs having additionally joined the convoy for Manila. The escort consists of kaibokan ETOROFU, CD-18 and CD-26 and sub-chaser CH-19 and possibly the kaibokan SHONAN.

2 October 1944:
Arrives at Aparri. Later, at 2300, departs.

3 October 1944:
Arrives at Lapoc.

4 October 1944:
At 0600 departs Lapoc. At 1700 arrives at North San Fernando.

5 October 1944:
At 0600 departs North San Fernando.

6 October 1944:
At 0600 arrives at Manila.

8 October 1944:
At 0700, CD-18 departs Manila for Miri, Borneo with kaikoban CD-18 and CD-26, patrol boat PB-105, subchaser CH-19 and auxiliary subchaser Cha-56 escorting reorganized convoy MI-19 consisting of NITTETSU, SAN LUIS, DAIZEN, HIDA, SAN DIEGO, EIKYO, TOKUWA, SHUNTEN, TATSUBATO, DAISHU and YOSHU MARUs.

9 October 1944:
About 1700, LtCdr Henry D. Sturr’s (USNA ’33) USS BECUNA (SS-319) torpedoes and damages SAN LUIS MARU, but she is able to continue. LtCdr Francis W. Scanland’s (USNA ’34) USS HAWKBILL (SS-366) also torpedoes SAN LUIS MARU about the same time. At 1804, Sturr’s USS BECUNA torpedoes and sinks TOKUWA MARU with the loss of ten crewmen.

10 October 1944:
SHUNTEN MARU and two of the escorts are detached with damaged SAN LUIS MARU and head for Sandakan, Borneo.

12 October 1944:
Palawan Passage. LtCdr (later Captain) David H. McClintock’s (USNA ’35) USS DARTER (SS-227) fires four torpedoes at two ships in the convoy, but inflicts no damage.

14 October 1944:
At 0208, LtCdr (later Captain) Bladen D. Claggett’s (USNA ’35) USS DACE (SS-247) torpedoes and sinks NITTETSU MARU with 12 crewmen KIA and damages DAIZEN and EIKYO MARUs.

17 October 1944:
Arrives at Miri.

25 October 1944:
CD-18 together with kaibokan CD-26 and patrol boat PB-105 depart Miri escorting a convoy consisting of MYOGI, HEIAN, TEIYU (ex Italian CARIGNANO) and MIKASA MARUs.

2 November 1944:
Arrives at Manila.

5 November 1944:
CD-18 and kaibokan CD-26 and sub-chasers CH-15, CH-17, CH-23, CH-37 and CH-38 depart Manila escorting convoy MATA-31 consisting of TATSUHARU, DORYO MARUs and five unidentified merchant ships.

6 November 1944:
At 1055 in position 16.11N 119.06E a submarine is sighted.

7 November 1944:
The convoy puts in to Santa Cruz for shelter DORYO MARU is detached.

8 November 1944:
Departs Santa Cruz and later that day arrives at North San Fernando.

12 November 1944:
Departs Subic Bay.

15 November 1944:
Arrives at Takao.

26 November 1944:
CD-18 and kaibokan CD-26 and auxiliary gunboat CHOHAKUSAN MARU departs Kirun escorting convoy TAMO-30 consisting of BANSHU MARU No.32 and four unidentified merchant ships.

3 December 1944:
Arrives at Moji.

22 January 1945:
CD-18 departs Moji with kaibokan AGUNI and Minelayer NIIZAKI escorting convoy MOHO-01 consisting of SHINTON MARU and three unidentified merchant ships.

2 February 1945:
Arrives at Hong Kong.

3 February 1945:
CD-18 and kaibokan CD-9 and AGUNI depart Hong Kong escorting convoy HOMO-01 consisting of five unidentified merchant ships. CD-18 apparently detaches at some point.

20 February 1945:
Kaibokan CD-18 and CD-69 depart St Jacques escorting convoy SASHI-42 consisting of two unidentified merchant ships.

24 February 1945:
Arrives at Singapore.

1 March 1945:
Off Hainan Island near Yulin, CD-18 Joins escort of HI-94 and searches for tanker TOA MARU lost in dense fog. The tanker is eventually located and escorted to Yulin. CD-18 likely detaches and returns to Singapore after this.

19 March 1945:
CD-18 departs Singapore with CD-26, CD-84, CD-130, CD-134 and probably CD-33, subchasers CH-8, CH-9, CH-33 escorting convoy HI-88-J consisting of HONAN, KAIKO, ASAOKAWA, SARAWAK, ARAOSAN, TENCHO MARUs and KITAKAMI MARU. At 1310, while leaving the Singapore straits, SARAWAK MARU is mined and badly damaged and eventually sinks on 27 March. There are no casualties.

22 March 1945:
Arrrives at Cape Camau.

23 March 1945:
Off St Jacques ARAOSAN, KITAKAMI and TENCHO MARUs are detached.

27 March 1945:
Nha Trang Bay. Convoy HI- 88I is absorbed into new convoy HI-88J. Additional escorts are added. HI-88J now consists of tankers HONAN, ASOKAWA, KAIKO MARUs and probably NANSHIN MARU No. 30 escorted by CD-18, destroyer AMATSUKAZE (with a temporary bow fitted) and kaibokan MANJU, CD-1, CD-26, CD-84, CD-130, CD-134, and probably subchasers CH-9 and CH-20.

28 March 1945:
At 0800, departs Nha Trang Bay. At 1040, an air attack begins and ASOKAWA MARU is hit in the engine room and sinks. 92 passengers, eight gunners and 34 crewmen are killed. MANJU and CD-84 rescue survivors. At 1220, LtCdr (later Captain) Eric L. Barr's (USNA ’34) USS BLUEGILL (SS-242) torpedoes HONAN MARU (Ex-British RFA WAR SIRDAR). Five Ship’s Gunners and 44 crewmen are killed. Her captain runs her aground. NANSHIN MARU No. 30 probably is detached.

29 March 1945:
At 0710, LtCdr Frank M. Smith's (USNA ’35) USS HAMMERHEAD (SS-364) torpedoes and sinks CD-84 at 14-40N, 109-16E. MANJU rescues some survivors. At 1130, another submarine attack coincides with an air attack and tanker KAIKO MARU loaded with fuel oil is bombed and sunk. 12 passengers, four Ship's gunners and 19 crewmen are KIA. After 1300 the convoy is attacked by Fifth Air Force B-25 "Mitchell" medium bombers. CD-18 receives several direct hits and sinks with 184 sailors at 15-10N, 109-26E. CD-130 is lost in the same attack. At 2230, a further air attack damages CD-134.

25 May 1945:
Removed from the Navy List.

Thanks to Mr. Gilbert Casse of France.

-Bob Hackett and Peter Cundall

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