(Oiler by Takeshi Yuki)
IJN ASASHIO MARU:
Tabular Record of Movement
© 2008-2018 Bob Hackett and Peter Cundall.
8 July 1943:
Aioi. Laid down by Harima Shipbuilding as a 5,141-ton Type 1TM Wartime Standard Merchant Tanker for Nippon Kaiun K. K., Tokyo.
30 September 1943:
Launched and named ASASHIO MARU.
15 November 1943:
17 November 1943:
Chartered by the IJN as the 29th (AO) oil transport ship.
18 November 1943:
20 November 1943:
Arrives at Yokkaichi.
23 November 1943:
24 November 1943:
Arrives at Yokosuka. Takes on 89 passengers.
26 November 1943:
1 December 1943:
ASASHIO MARU departs Moji for Singapore in Part 1 of convoy HI-23 consisting of tankers ICHIU, RYUEI and OMUROSAN MARUs and cargo-passenger ship AKI MARU and cargo liner NOSHIRO MARU escorted by destroyer NAMIKAZE and fleet oiler TAKASAKI.
5 December 1943:
The second echelon of convoy HI-23 departs Moji consisting of oilers TATEKAWA, ITSUKUSHIMA and BOKUEI MARUs escorted by fleet oiler OSE (ex-Dutch GENOTA).
Oiler RYUEI MARU and passenger cargo ships AKI and NOSHIRO MARUs are also in the convoy, but in which part is unclear.
6 December 1943:
Fleet oiler SUNOSAKI from Sasebo joins convoy HI-23 at sea.
17 December 1943:
Arrives at Seletar Naval Base, Singapore.
19 December 1943:
At 1200, ASASHIO MARU departs Singapore for Moji in convoy HI-24 consisting of passenger/cargo ships ASAHI and TERUKUNI MARUs, cargo liner ARABIA MARU and oiler BOKUEI MARU escorted by kaibokan KANJU.
28 December 1943:
Arrives at Takao.
4 January 1944:
ASASHIO MARU is detached for Sasebo. Near Moji, BOKUEI MARU collides with TERUKUNI MARU and sinks at 34-04N, 130-32E. Only one crewman is KIA. Later that day, the rest of the convoy arrives at Moji.
10 January 1944:
At 1600, ASASHIO MARU departs Moji for Singapore in convoy HI-33 consisting of cargo ship AOBASAN MARU and tankers YUHO, TARAKAN and ASANAGI MARU and an unidentified ship escorted by kaibokan ETOROFU and minelayer YAEYAMA.
13 January 1944:
Escort carrier KAIYO joins convoy HI-33.
14 January 1944:
At 1930, arrives at Takao.
16 January 1944:
At 1400, departs Takao. Arrives at Manila.
17 January 1944:
Convoy HI-33 departs Manila escorted by kaibokan ETOROFU, minelayer YAEYAMA, subchaser CH-36 and escort carrier KAIYO, but KAIYO develops a steering problem and is forced to return to Manila later that day.
23 January 1944:
At 1030, the convoy arrives at Singapore.
23 February 1944:
Departs Moji in convoy HI-49 also consisting of KYOKUHO, EIHO MARUs, and one unidentified merchant ship with unknown escort.
28 February 1944:
At 1300, arrives at Takao. Joined by transport HAKOZAKI MARU (bound for Manila) and kaibokan SADO and SHIMUSHU.
29 February 1944:
At 2100, departs Takao.
1 March 1944:
Requisitioned by the IJN and registered in the Yokosuka Naval district as an auxiliary tanker (Otsu) Category under internal order No. 393.
6 March 1944:
At 2315, arrives Cap St Jacques and destroyer SHIOKAZE joins the escort.
7 March 1944:
At 1700, departs Cap St Jacques.
11 March 1944:
At 1810, arrives at Singapore.
16 March 1944:
Departs Singapore for Palau.
27 March 1944:
Arrives at Palau.
30 March 1944: American Operation “Desecrate One” :
Off Babelthuap, Palau. The anchorage is attacked by F6F "Hellcats", SBD "Dauntless", TBF "Avenger" and SB2C "Helldivers" of Task Group 58. 1's USS ENTERPRISE (CV-6), USS BELLEAU WOOD (CVL-24) and USS COWPENS (CVL-25), TG 58. 2's USS BUNKER HILL (CV-17), USS HORNET (CV-12), USS MONTEREY (CV-26) and USS CABOT (CVL-28) and TG 58. 3's USS YORKTOWN (CV-10), USS LEXINGTON (CV-16), USS PRINCETON (CVL-23) and USS LANGLEY (CVL-27).
At 0830, as ASASHIO MARU is slowly leaving Kobasang Harbor, she is attacked by a USS HORNET SB2C. The Helldiver drops two 1,000-lb bombs. ASASHIO MARU probably sustains a hit or near miss by at least one of the bombs. She stops and goes dead in the water. At about 0900, ASASHIO MARU is attacked by three Avenger torpedo-bombers from USS YORKTOWN. All three drop torpedoes and one gets a hit
portside amidships. ASASHIO MARU sinks at 07-25.35N, 134-25.35E. 18 crewmen are KIA.
10 May 1944:
Removed from the Navy List under internal order No. 949.
ASASHIO MARU is refloated and salvaged by Fujita Salvage K. K., of Osaka, Japan.
Thanks goto Gilbert Casse of France for his contribution to revisions.
- Bob Hackett and Peter Cundall.
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