(Oiler by Takeshi Yuki)
IJN ASASHIO MARU:
Tabular Record of Movement
© 2008-2014 Bob Hackett and Peter Cundall.
8 July 1943:
Aioi. Laid down by Harima Shipbuilding as a 5,141-ton Type 1TM
Wartime Standard Merchant Tanker for Nippon Kaiun K. K., Tokyo.
30 September 1943:
Launched and named ASASHIO MARU.
15 November 1943:
17 November 1943:
Chartered by the IJN as the 29th (AO) oil
18 November 1943:
20 November 1943:
Arrives at Yokkaichi.
23 November 1943:
24 November 1943:
Arrives at Yokosuka. Takes on 89 passengers.
26 November 1943:
1 December 1943:
ASASHIO MARU departs Moji for Singapore in Part 1 of
convoy HI-23 consisting of tankers ICHIU, RYUEI and OMUROSAN MARUs and
cargo-passenger ship AKI MARU and cargo liner NOSHIRO MARU escorted by destroyer
NAMIKAZE and fleet oiler TAKASAKI.
5 December 1943:
The second echelon of convoy HI-23 departs Moji
consisting of oilers TATEKAWA, ITSUKUSHIMA and BOKUEI MARUs escorted by fleet
oiler OSE (ex-Dutch GENOTA).
Oiler RYUEI MARU and passenger cargo ships AKI and NOSHIRO MARUs are also
in the convoy, but in which part is unclear.
6 December 1943:
Fleet oiler SUNOSAKI from Sasebo joins convoy HI-23
17 December 1943:
Arrives at Seletar Naval Base, Singapore.
19 December 1943:
At 1200, ASASHIO MARU departs Singapore for Moji in
convoy HI-24 consisting of passenger/cargo ships ASAHI and TERUKUNI MARUs, cargo
liner ARABIA MARU and oiler BOKUEI MARU escorted by kaibokan KANJU.
28 December 1943:
Arrives at Takao.
4 January 1944:
ASASHIO MARU is detached for Sasebo. Near Moji, BOKUEI
MARU collides with TERUKUNI MARU and sinks at 34-04N, 130-32E. Only one crewman
is KIA. Later that day, the rest of the convoy arrives at Moji.
10 January 1944:
At 1600, ASASHIO MARU departs Moji for Singapore in
convoy HI-33 consisting of cargo ship AOBASAN MARU and tankers YUHO, TARAKAN and
ASANAGI MARU and an unidentified ship escorted by kaibokan ETOROFU and minelayer
13 January 1944:
Escort carrier KAIYO joins convoy HI-33.
14 January 1944:
At 1930, arrives at Takao.
16 January 1944:
At 1400, departs Takao. Arrives at Manila.
17 January 1944:
Convoy HI-33 departs Manila escorted by kaibokan
ETOROFU, minelayer YAEYAMA, subchaser CH-36 and escort carrier KAIYO, but KAIYO
develops a steering problem and is forced to return to Manila later that day.
23 January 1944:
At 1030, the convoy arrives at Singapore.
23 February 1944:
Departs Moji in convoy HI-49 also consisting of
KYOKUHO, EIHO MARUs, and one unidentified merchant ship with unknown escort.
28 February 1944:
At 1300, arrives at Takao. Joined by a further
unidentified merchant ship and kaibokan SADO and SHIMUSHU.
29 February 1944:
At 2100, departs Takao.
1 March 1944:
Requisitioned by the IJN and registered in the Yokosuka Naval district as an auxiliary tanker (Otsu) Category under internal order No. 393.
6 March 1944:
At 2315, arrives Cap St Jacques and destroyer SHIOKAZE
joins the escort.
7 March 1944:
At 1700, departs Cap St Jacques.
11 March 1944:
At 1810, arrives at Singapore.
16 March 1944:
Departs Singapore for Palau.
27 March 1944:
Arrives at Palau.
30 March 1944: American Operation “Desecrate One” :
Palau. The anchorage is attacked by F6F "Hellcats", SBD "Dauntless", TBF
"Avenger" and SB2C "Helldivers" of Task Group 58. 1's USS ENTERPRISE (CV-6),
BELLEAU WOOD (CVL-24) and COWPENS (CVL-25), TG 58. 2's BUNKER HILL (CV-17),
HORNET (CV-12), MONTEREY (CV-26) and CABOT (CVL-28) and TG 58. 3's YORKTOWN
(CV-10), LEXINGTON (CV-16), PRINCETON (CVL-23) and LANGLEY (CVL-27).
At 0830, as ASASHIO MARU is slowly leaving Kobasang Harbor, she is
attacked by a HORNET SB2C. The Helldiver drops two 1,000-lb bombs. ASASHIO MARU
probably sustains a hit or near miss by at least one of the bombs. She stops and
goes dead in the water. At about 0900, ASASHIO MARU is attacked by three Avenger
torpedo-bombers from YORKTOWN. All three drop torpedoes and one gets a hit
portside amidships. ASASHIO MARU sinks at 07-25.35N, 134-25.35E. 18 crewmen are
10 May 1944:
Removed from the Navy List under internal order No. 949.
ASASHIO MARU is refloated and salvaged by Fujita Salvage K.
K., of Osaka, Japan.
Thanks goto Gilbert Casse of France for his contribution to revisions.
- Bob Hackett and Peter Cundall.
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